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Column design as Per BS 8110-1:1997


Contents :

General Recommendations of the code Classification of columns Effective Length of columns & Minimum eccentricity Design Moments in Columns Design

General Recos of the code

gm for concrete 1.5, for steel 1.05 Concrete strength CUBE STRENGTH Grades of steel Fe250 & Fe460 Primary Load combination 1.4DL+1.6LL E of concrete Ec = 5.5fcu/ gm 10% less than IS Ultimate stress in concrete 0.67fcu/ gm Steel Stress-strain curve Bilinear E of steel 200 kN/mm2

Classification of columns
SHORT both lex/h and ley/b < 15 for braced columns < 10 for unbraced columns


BRACED - If lateral stability to structure as a whole is provided by walls or bracing designed to resist all lateral forces in that plane. else UNBRACED Cl.

Effective length &minimum eccentricity Effective length le = lo depends on end condition at top and bottom of column.

emin = 0.05 x dimension of column in the plane of bending 20 mm


Deflection induced moments in Slender columns Madd = N au where au = aKh a = (1/2000)(le/b)2 K = (Nuz N)/(Nuz Nbal) 1 Nuz = 0.45fcuAc+0.95fyAsc Nbal = 0.25fcubd Value of K found iteratively


Design Moments in Braced columns :

Maximum Design Column Moment Greatest of a) M2 b) Mi+Madd Mi = 0.4M1+0.6M2 c)M1+Madd/2 d) eminN Columns where le/h exceeds 20 and only Uniaxially bent Shall be designed as biaxially bent with zero initial moment along other axis.

Braced and unbraced columns

Design Moments in UnBraced columns :The additional Moment may be assumed to occur at whichever end of column has stiffer joint. This stiffer joint may be the critical section for that column.
Deflection of all UnBraced columns in a storey auav for all stories = au/n

Design Moments in Columns

Axial Strength of column N = 0.4fcuAc + 0.8 Ascfy Biaxial Bending Mx/h My/b Mx/h My/b

Increased uniaxial moment about one axis Mx = Mx + 1 h/bMy My = My + 1 b/hMx

Where 1 = 1- N/6bhfcu (Check explanatory hand book) Minimum Pt =0.4% Max Pt = 6%

Shear in Columns

Shear strength vc = vc+0.6NVh/AcM To avoid shear cracks, vc = vc(1+N/(Acvc) If v > vc, Provide shear reinforcement If v 0.8fcu or 5 N/mm

Design Construction of Interaction Curve

0.67fcu/gm 0.0035 f1 d 0.5h h M 0.9x N f2 x e2








Distribution of stress and strain on a Column-Section

Equilibrium equation from above stress block

N = 0.402fcubx + f1A1 +f2A2 M =0.402fcubx(0.5h-0.45x)+f1A1(0.5h-d1)+f2A2(0.5h-d) f1 and f2 in terms of E and f1 = 700(x-d+h)/x f2 = 700(x-d)/x The solution of above equation requires trial and error method