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MOTOR SWITCHING

AND PROTECTION

IEC 947-4

ABB SACE 1
MOTOR DATA
• P = Rated motor power (kW)
• V = Supply voltage (V)
• cos ϕ = Power factor
∀ η = efficency
P
In = ------------------------ = rated current
V x 1.73 x cos ϕ x η
ABB SACE 2
MOTOR CURRENTS
• In = Rated nominal current

• Ia = Rated starting current (8-10 x


In)

• Ip = Maximum peak inrush current


(13 - 15 x In)
ABB SACE 3
MOTOR STARTING
CURRENT
t (s) In

Ia

Ip

ABB SACE I (A) 4


MOTOR PROTECTION

1 3

ABB SACE 5
TIME - STARTING
CURVES
• 1 MOTOR START UP

• 2 OVERLOAD PROTECTION
(THERMAL)

• 3 SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION


(MAGNETIC)

ABB SACE 6
DIAGRAM A
1 CIRCUIT BREAKER WITH
MAGNETIC RELEASE
(Short circuit protecting device)

2 CONTACTOR (Switching device)

3 THERMAL OVERLOAD RELEASE


(Overload protection)

M
ABB SACE 7
DIAGRAM B
1 CIRCUIT BREAKER WITH
ELECTRONIC RELEASE
(Short circuit and overload
protecting device)

2 CONTACTOR
(Switching device)
M
ABB SACE 8
DIAGRAM C

1 CIRCUIT BREAKER WITH


ELECTRONIC RELEASE
(Short circuit and overload protecting
device and switching device)

ABB SACE 9
DIAGRAM A
• High number of motor switcing
• TOR on contactor
• Most common application up to
now

ABB SACE 10
DIAGRAM B
• High number of motor switching
• No TOR on contactor
• PR212/MP electronic release
• New and future application

ABB SACE 11
DIAGRAM C
• No contactor and TOR
• Low number of motor switching
• ACB with electronic release
• Typical application for big motor
sizes (Power > 250 kW/400 V)

ABB SACE 12
PR 222MP
I: istantaneous adjustable short circuit
t L
I3=6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13 x In
L: Inverse long delay overload Class

I1=0.4-1 x In step 0.01 x In

R: Locked rotor protection R


U

I5=3-4-5-6-7-8-10 x In t5

4 sec

t 5=1-4-7-10 sec.
U: Phase loss/unbalance I

OFF or ON: 4 sec. Tripping time @


one phase current 0.4 times 0.4 x In I1 I5 I3
I
I1
ABB SACE 13
PR 222MP
LLProtection
Protection RRProtection
Protection
againstoverload
against overload against
againstlocked
lockedrotor
rotor

UUProtection
Protection
CLASS
CLASS againstphase
against phase
starting loss/unbalance
startingclass
class loss/unbalance
according
accordingto toIEC
IEC
947-
947-44
I IProtection
Protection
againstshort
against shortcircuit
circuit
ABB SACE 14
TRIPPING CLASS
ripping class from 10 A to 30 defines the time-curre
urves of the thermal overload release during startin
nd on duty service (overload and phase loss)

10 A - 10 - 20 - 30

ABB SACE 15
TRIPPING CLASS

10 - 10 A (Normal starting) Pump -


Compressor
10-20 (Normal starting) Ventilator

30 (Heavy duty) Mill

ABB SACE 16
SHORT CIRCUIT TEST
Duty cicle:

O - CO at “Iq” current

O : tripping of the circuit


under short circuit condition
breaker

CO : Closing by contactor under


short circuit condition and tripping
of the breaker
17
Motor protection
COORDINATION TYPE
Type 1

Damage to the contactor and/or thermal overload


is acceptable as two condition are
release
- there is no risk to the
fulfilled:
- no device other than contactors and/or overload
operator;
release
can be
replaced.

ABB SACE 18
COORDINATION TYPE
Type 2
The only risk permitted is light welding of the contact
i,e. the contactor can easily be separated either by
electrical control or using a screwdriver.

After the coordination test:


all the protection device functions must still be
operational;
the manufacturer must prove that the contactor is st
operational for further service.

ABB SACE 19
COORDINATION
COMPARISON

Type 1

- Lower investment cost


- Expansive maintenance
- Maintenance stop plant

ABB SACE 20
COORDINATION
COMPARISON

Type
2
- Higher investment
cost
- Cheaper
-maintenance
Continuity of
service

ABB SACE 21
STAR-DELTA STARTING

K1 K2 K3

ABB SACE 22
COORDINATION TABLE
SELECTION CHART
1 Coordination type
“1” or “2”
2 Starter Direct or Star-Delta
3 Starting type Normal or Heavy duty
4 Voltage level and short circuit current “Iq”

MOTOR CIRCUIT CONTACTO TOR


POWER BREAKER R
(kW)
Only magnetic Name Name
or
With PR222MP (N.A. for 222MP)

ABB SACE 23
ABB SACE 24
500 V 50 kA type “2” star delta

Motor MCCB Contactor O/L relay


Rated Rated Type Type
Line Delta Star
Output Current
Pe Ie
[kW] [A]
75 110 T4H250 MA125 A95 A95 A50 TA80DU80
90 132 T4H250 MA160 A110 A110 A75 TA110DU90
110 158 T4H250 MA200 A110 A110 A95 TA110DU110
132 192 T4H250 PR221-I In250 A145 A145 A95 E200DU200
160 230 T4H320 PR221-I In320 A145 A145 A110 E200DU200
200 279 T5H400 PR221-I In400 A210 A210 A145 E320DU320
250 335 T5H630 PR221-I In630 A210 A210 A185 E320DU320
290 394 T5H630 PR221-I In630 A260 A260 A210 E320DU320
315 440 T5H630 PR221-I In630 A300 A300 A210 E320DU320

ABB SACE 25
COORDINATION TABLES

ABB SACE 26
ACB MOTOR CORDINATION TABLE
D.O.L. STARTING

Power In Op. Nr. ACB Icu Release Type CT


(kW) (A) (AC3) (Type) (kA) (A) (A)

Up to 800 10000 E1B 40 1250 PR112 1250


450
Up to 1140 12000 E2N 65 1600 PR112 1600
630
Up to 1140 12000 ES3 75 1600 PR112 1600
630
Up to 1140 12000 E3H 100 1600 PR112 1600
630

ABB SACE 27
T2 T3 T4 T5
Rated uninterrupted current, Iu [A] 160 250 250 400
Rated service current, In 1…100 100…200 80…250 320, 400
Poles 3 3 3 3
Rated service voltage, Ue (AC) 50-60Hz [V] 690 690 690 690
Rated impulse withstand voltage, Uimp [kV] 8 8 8 8
Rated insulation voltage, Ui [V] 800 800 1000 1000
Test voltage at industrial frequency 1 min. [V] 3000 3000 3500 3500
Rated ultimate short-circuit breaking capacity N S H L N S N S H L V N S H L V
Icu AC 50-60 Hz 380/415 V [kA] 36 50 70 85 36 50 36 50 70 120 200 36 50 70 120 200
Rated service short-circuit breaking capacity
Ics AC 50-60 Hz 380/415 V [kA] 36 50 70 70 27 27 36 50 70 120 200 36 50 70 120 200
Rated service short-circuit breaking capacity
Icm AC 50-60 Hz 380/415 V [kA] 75,6 105 154 187 75,6 105 75,6 105 154 264 440 75,6 105 154 264 440
Isolation behaviour    
IEC 60947-2 IEC 60947-2
Reference Standards IEC 60947-2 IEC 60947-2 IEC 60947-4-1(with PR222MP) IEC 60947-4-1(with PR222MP)

Protection against short-circuit


Magnetic only release MA  (1)  
Electronic release PR221DS-I  
Integrated protection
Electronic release PR222MP  
Mechanical life 25000 25000 20000 20000
Electrical life @ 415 V AC 8000 8000 10000 7000
Fixed dimensions
W 3p 90 105 105 140
D 70 70 103,5 103,5
H 130 150 205 205
ABB SACE 28
(1) MF up to In=12,5A
ACB with microprocessor
based motor protection
release PR 112/113
EMAX E1-E2-E3
B-N-S-H

800 -1250 - 1600 A

40 - 65 - 75 - 100 kA @ 400 V
Release range:
From R800 A
to R1600 A
ABB SACE 29
AND NOW…
MOTOR IS READY TO
START !

ABB SACE 30