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PRESENTATION about CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES of CABLE STAYED BRIDGE on RIVER TAPI joining ATHWALINES & ADAJAN by

1. 2. 3. 4. Mahesh Kumar Patel (u10ce048) 5.Rohit S. Patel (u10ce052) Rishabh Ranka (u10ce049) 6.Suraj Prakash (u10ce053) Abhinandan Kumar Abhay (u10ce050) 7. Parth Parmar (u10ce054) Sanjay Kumar (u10ce051) 8. Yogesh Mehta (u10ce055)
Guided by 1. Dr. R. A. Christian 2. Shri Bhavin Tandel

BRIDGE PROFILE
1. Detail of cable stayed portion Length : 300 m Width : 23.30 m Area : 7050 sq m Pylon : 2 nos. 35 m height 2. Total Length of bridge : 917.945 m 3. Carriage Way : 7.50 m + 7.50 m (Two Lane up & Two Lane Down) 4. Footpath : 2 m (both side)

5. Type of Foundation : Pile Foundation


6. Sub Structure : R.C.C. Pier 7. Super Structure : Segmental Multi cell Box Girder/ PSC Box Girder / Solid Slab type

SUB STRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION


COFFERDAM
A cofferdam is a structure that retains water and soil that allows the enclosed area to be pumped out and excavated dry. Cofferdams are commonly used for construction of bridge piers and other support structures built within water. Cofferdams walls are usually formed from sheet piles that are supported by walls and internal braces, and cross braces. Cofferdams are typically dismantled after permanent work is completed Since cofferdams are usually constructed within water, the sheet piles are installed using preconstructed templates that permit the correct positioning of each sheet pile from a barge.

COFFER DAM CONSTRUCTION


Step 1: Erect Bracing Frame Step 2: Drive Steel Sheet Pilings Step 3: Excavate Inside Step 4: Prepare Interior bed for tremie concrete seal - Driving Piles - Placing rock fill Step 5: Place tremie concrete seal to create water tight seal Step 6: Dewater

Steel sheet piles

CONSTRUCTION OF RIVER PILE


Piling starts with construction of rolled sheet piles with help of steel sheets. Rolled steel piles are driven in the river bed with the help of hammer.

This hammer works with the help of winch machine.


A frame known as A-FRAME is attached to the

winch machine to drive the pile attached with string.

Steel Sheets

Rolled Steel Sheets

Winch Machine

Construction Of River Pile


The string moves to and fro on the winch machine and it helps to
drive the pile down the river bed. After driving the pile down the river bed, the use for chisel and

barrel pump starts.


Chisel is construction equipment which cuts the soil by hammering it. A slurry of sand is created. This slurry is then removed by the barrel pump. Both the chisel and barrel pump are also operated by the winch

machine and A-frame.

A frame with winch machine

Removed liners of concreted piles

Top view of a driven pile

A chisel under use

CONCRETING OF PILES
After removing the slurry the water inside the pile is kept as it is.

On completion of the borehole, the reinforcement is placed


with suitable spacers to locate it centrally in the pile shaft. Tremie method of concreting is employed when casting is

done under water .


By using a self-compacting concrete mix, it is not necessary to vibrate the concrete in the borehole during casting. As the concrete goes inside the pile, the water being lighter itself starts coming out the pile from the top.

Figure Showing Concreting Of Pile

SUPERSTRUCTURE
SELF CLIMBING FORM CONSTRUCTION
For the construction of R.C.C. piers the technique used was self climbing form construction. In which a special type of formwork for vertical concrete structures that rises with the construction process. It allows the reuse of the same formwork over and over and over for identical (or very similar) sections. It can also enable very large concrete structures to be constructed in one single pour thus creating seamless structures with enhanced strength and visual appearance, as well as reducing construction times and material costs.

SUPERSTRUCTURE
Segmental Box girder / Pre Stressed Concrete Box girder / Solid slab. For the cable stayed portion segmental box girders/ PSC box girders were used which were casted using form travelers. The technique used for this was cast in place balanced cantilever method.

CAST IN-PLACE BALANCED CANTILEVER


Each pair of segment should be built on both side of a pier at the same time to control the negative moment in cantilever. In this method two segments should be cast which will follow post-tensioned. The most advantage of using this method especially in urban areas refers to its characteristic that it does not need any temporary shoring. Additionally it can be used for irregular and long span lengths with few repetitions.

PYLON CONSTRUCTION

SUMMARY:
Foundation(River piling) and Sub-structure(Piers and pier cap) works are completed. Approaches from both the end is over. Box Girders casting are in full swing. Pylon erection is in progress. Cable erection and deck slab construction are yet to commence.

THANKS