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BY,

ARITHA.R (1HK09EC010)
KEERTHI .G (1HK09EC047)
L.KARUNYA KEZIAH (1HK09EC053)
MAYURI.K (1HK09EC059)

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF,
Ms. SUBIYA YASEEN
Lecturer, H.K.B.K CE




Antenna forms a basic component of
any RF/Microwave System that uses Free
Space propagation for Communications,
Radio Detection, Remote sensing, etc
Traditional base station antenna are
Omni-directional, this is actually waste
of power.
Antenna
Top View
Antenna Array
Desired User
Interfering User
User often has to adjust the antenna
manually.

The proposed system any Antennas
mounted on to the system is
programmed to automatically orient
towards direction of Maximum signal
strength.
The system Antennas should have very low
side lobes. The Gain of the Antennas should
be high. Higher the Gain of the receiver
antenna, better the performance of the setup.

The return loss of the antenna used should
be reasonable around -10 db and above for
optimum performance.

At some point the transmitter and receiver
antenna may slightly out of phase but signal
level may be high that may be due to multiple
reflections the receiving antenna may receive
at that point.


MICROWAVE
SIGNAL
SOURCE
TX ANTENNA
A patch antenna is a narrowband, wide-
beam antenna fabricated by etching the
antenna element pattern in metal trace
bonded to an
insulating dielectric substrate, such as
a printed circuit board, with a continuous
metal layer bonded to the opposite side
of the substrate which forms a ground
plane.




RF
Detector
LCD
Display
Mirco
Controller
(PIC)
18F452
ADC
Keypad
Stepper
Motor
RX antenna
HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
PIC Controller
Stepper Motor
2 - Identical Antennas
Antenna support fixture on stepper
motor
Microwave Signal Source
RF Detector
RF Connecting Cables,
Display Unit
SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

MPLAB - compiler
Embedded C Coding Language
PICKit3
X-CTU

START
INITIALISE MICROCONTROLLER
INITIALISE ADC
INITIALISE LCD
A
FIND MAXIMUM
IS ANY
KEY
PRESSED
REQUEST
ALIGN
B
A
END
MONITOR ADC
STOP AT MAXIMUM
SERVE PURPOSE
Military Application- Light weight video
displays with inbuilt smart antenna are
used to exchange real time maps and
pictures
Satellite Communication- Base stations
are employed with smart antenna
Mobile communication
Wireless sensor network-Increased
gain preserves connectivity
Terrestrial television reception
Fully automatic
Highly secure
Small in size compared to array
antenna
Highly efficient



Power supply is required
The system needs to be aligned
The output depends on the environment in
which area it is implemented