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Rahul Sindhwani
What is BI ?
SAP BI
History of SAP BI
ETL Process
Architecture of SAP BI
Typical Data Flow in SAP BI
Data Model Info Object, Infocube(Star Schema
Extended Star Schema ,DSO etc
Business Explorer (Bex Analyser , Query Designer)










What is Business Intelligence?
Gathering

Storing

Analyzing

Providing Access to data

Make better Decisions
What is the current status of the business?
Whats going well?
What needs improvement?

What are the business strengths and weaknesses?


How do we improve our decision making?
Data
Information
Knowledge
Decision
SAP BI Data Warehousing Solution by SAP

Flexible reporting and analysis tool for evaluating and
interpreting the data.

Business data integrated, transformed, and
consolidated in Sap BI.





SAP launched the product in 1997 by the name
Business information Warehouse (BIW), Version 1.
2A

Product Name Changed to Business Warehouse
(BW) with version 3.0A

Named Business Intelligence BI with version 7.0




ETL (Extraction, Transformation, Loading)

Data Analysis & Planning

Tools for accessing and visualizing data

Publishing content from SAP BI

Performance

Security

BI Content


The process of the extracting data from Source systems
and making it useful for our needs is ETL





SAP systems (S-API Service Application Programming
Interface)
BI systems
Flat files
Database management systems (DB Connect)
Relational or multidimensional sources (UD Connect)
Web Services




DATA STORAGE
AND
DATA FLOW
Transformation 1
Transformation 2
Infopackage
DTP
DTP
Data Source is a set of fields that are provided to
transfer data into BI


1) DataSource for transaction data
2) DataSource for master data


The Persistent Staging Area (PSA) is the storage area
for data from the source systems in BI.

The requested data is saved, unchanged from the
source system.

Starting point (entrance) of data into BI system
Direct assignment
Constants
Reading master data
Routines
Formula
Initial

A DataStore object serves as a storage location for
consolidated and cleansed data.

The data in DataStore objects is stored in transparent,
flat database tables.

This data can be evaluated using a BEx query.

Contain 1) Key Fields (Ex Doc number, item etc
2) Data Fields
Determine the sales amount for customers located in New York with Material
Group ABC in the year 2011
Dimensions
/Characteristics




Data Load
Monitor
Data Target
Maintenance
Start 1
Load into PSA
3
Load into ODS
4
Activate
Data in
ODS
5
Further update
6
Build Indices
7
Build DB
Statistics
8
Roll up
Aggregate
9
Drop Indices
2
Covers Major Business Processes

Simple access to business information via a single
point of entry

High performance environment.

Standardized structuring and display of all business
information
Infosets now can include Infocubes as well

Remodeling. This is only for info cube.

The BI accelerator (for now only for infocubes) helps in
reducing query run time

Search functionality hass improved. You can search any
object.

The Data Warehousing Workbench replaces the
Administrator Workbench
Transfer and Update rules replaced by Transformation

Load through PSA has become a mandatory

Introduction of "end routine" and "Expert Routine

Renamed ODS as DataStore.

Introduction of Write optimized DSo




THANK YOU