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Grain Drying and Dryers

Dry bulb temp.


A
b
s
o
l
u
t
e

h
u
m
i
d
i
t
y

k
g
/
k
g


Dew point temp
Specific volume
3
/kg
Property of Moist Air on Psychrometric Chart
Dry bulb Wet bulb
t
1

h
1

Grain layer
t
2

t
3

h
2

Burner Fan
A Model of Heated Air Drying
In this case, How dose sate point of air change
on psychrometric chart?
Relationship between palatability and germination
Drying & Quality 1
Relationship between cracking rate of brown rice
and percentage of broken of milled rice
Drying & Quality 2
Relationship among Initial moisture content and drying air
temperature and drop in germination rate.
Drying & Quality 3
Relationship among Initial moisture content and drying air
temperature and serious cracking rate.
Drying & Quality 4
Relationship among Initial moisture content and drying rate
and serious cracking rate.
Drying & Quality 5
Relationship among air flow rate and drying rate
and serious cracking rate.
Drying & Quality 6
Grain Dryers
Classification grain dryers
Batch type dryers
Continuous type dryers
Storage type dryers
Fixed temperature
Rising temperature
Descending temperature
Ambient air
Dehumidification air
Heated air
No heated
air
Air flow rate per 1t
(m
3
/s t)
Drying 0.5-3
Bin drying 0.05-0.2
Storage
0.02-0.002
Classification grain dryers 1
1.Classification by Aeration temperature
2.Classification by air flow rate
Structure Description Schematic diagram
Flat bed type
The drier which makes it
principle to dry without
moving grain. A
ventilation floor is
horizontal.
Upright type
A basic principle is the
same as the above. But
ventilation floor is
vertical. When moisture is
high, grain may be moved
several times using
thrower
Recirculation
type
While grain is drying,
grain is always circulating.
Grain is drying and
tempering per 1 cycle.
Uni pass type
While grain is flowing
continuously from
entrance to exit, grain is
drying.Grain is dried to
goal moisture contents by
one pass.
Multi pass type
A basic principle is the
same as the above. Grain
is dried to goal moisture
contents by several pass.
Grain is storaged in silo
between drying and next
drying.
Grain moving
Static
Batch
type
Moving
Continuous
type
3.Cassification
by structure
Classification grain dryers 2
Grain dryers
in facility
(a) Country elevator
(b) Rice center
Continuous type dryer
Batch type dryer
high weight high weight high weight
cm kg cm kg cm kg
1.7 41 370 43 390 45 420
3.3 38 690 40 730 42 750
5 36 980 37 1000 35 960
8.6 34 1200 31 1100 20 1000
Note a. Paddy density is 550kg/m
3
b. Blower power is 0.37kW
Amount
of grain
for
drying
area
Blower diameter 48cm 38 35 cm 35 32 cm
Flat bed type dryer
Burner
Suction blower
Grain
Exhaust air
Heated air
Heated air
Exhaust air
Under screw
Rotary valve
Recirculating
type dryer 2