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Range Safety Working Group

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 Topics to be covered
Guiding regulations
Program goals
Local and Major Training Areas
Deviation Process
Safety Issues
Future Challenges

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Range Safety Points of Contact

Mr. Dirk Kellar (dirk.kellar@eur.army.mil)


JMTC Safety Director (Acting)
DSN 314-475-6162

Mr. Josef Neubauer (josef.neubauer1@eur.army.mil)


JMTC Safety Range Safety Engineer MTAs and LTAs
DSN 314-475-7089

Mr. Harry Kordesch (harry.kordesch@eur.army.mil)


JMTC Safety Range Safety Engineer LTAs
DSN 314-475-7922

Ms. Barbara Lasar (barbara.lasar@eur.army.mil)


HQ USAREUR System Safety Engineer
DSN 314-370-7079

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Range Safety - Regulations

• AR 385-63, 19 May 2003* (Currently being updated)

Prescribes Department of the Army and


Marine Corps range safety policies,
procedures, responsibilities, and standards
for firing ammunition, guided missiles, and
large rockets.

• The AR Implements DA Pam 385-63, 10 April


2003, as Minimum Standards.

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Range Safety Program Goals

• Enhance safe, realistic live-fire training, to


train as we fight.

• Protect personnel and property while


improving combat readiness training and
help prevent fratricide in combat.

• Protect civilian and military populations


who live and work in the vicinity of live-fire
training ranges.

AR 385-63
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Range Safety - OCONUS

AR 385-63, 19 May 2003

• Range operations outside the United States

• “Standards and procedures contained in DA Pam 385-63 apply to


range operations conducted by U.S. Armed Forces training
outside the United States.“

• “Operations will be conducted according to U.S. regulations and/


or host nation agreements, normally whichever is stricter.”

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Local Training Areas (LTAs)

LTAs OCONUS:
• Training land and range availability at overseas LTAs
and installations are usually more constrained than those
available for CONUS-based active units.

• Reserve Component (RC) centers, armories, and


weekend training sites, face limited LTAs as well.

• Training proceeds to the extent available resources will


support including individual and limited collective
weapons proficiency and small-unit maneuver training.

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Major Training Areas (MTAs)


MTAs

• Units training at MTAs concentrate on large unit collective


live-fire training (platoon through battalion) and maneuver
training (battalion or brigade) according to doctrine and
standards.

• This builds on the training proficiency achieved at LTAs.

• An MTA provides training to sustain lessons learned from


CTC experiences that LTAs could not tactically or doctrinally
accommodate.

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USAREUR Training Areas

• Greater reliance must be placed on the use of LTAs for


individual training and the initial stages of crew training.

• Local training areas include cantonment areas at


installations, and armories.

• Tactical engagements can be simulated using appropriate


TADSS to overcome the space limitations required for live-
fire exercises.

• Training at LTAs achieves and sustains soldier and crew


proficiency and prepares for advanced collective training.
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Risk Management

• Composite Risk Management integration is integral to successful


range design, construction, use and sustainment.

• Early application of risk management in the planning process


provides the planners and decision makers with alternatives that
reduce safety hazards, limit adverse environmental impact and
minimize operational constraints.

• Information and data developed during the risk management process


will facilitate and expedite the development of environmental impact
documentation and accelerate the approval process.

•Residual risks will be accepted by appropriate authority.

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Duties & Responsibilities – Live Fire Ops

• Safety is paramount during live-fire and laser operations.

• Using-unit commanders (battalion or squadron) will


ensure that the officer-in-charge (OIC), the range safety
officer (RSO), and the laser range safety officer (LRSO)
receive an installation or community safety instruction
before obtaining battalion or squadron commander
safety certification.

• The safety certification programs will train and qualify


personnel in OIC, RSO, and LRSO duties for firing
exercises or maneuver operations. AR 385-63 and DA
PAM 385-63 are the primary source for range safety
responsibilities.

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Range Safety - Deviations


What is New in Range Safety in USAREUR
•Deviating requirements in AR/DA PAM 385-63
•Must be signed by the Commander, 7USAJMTC
•Deviation request must be submitted at least 45 days prior
•Request must include:
•Specific paragraph in AR/PAM to be deviated
•Weapon and ammunition to be utilized
•Locations of firing position and targets
•Proposed controls measures
•Additional information
•Deviations valid for one year, must be renewed annually

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Range - Explosive Site Plans/Submission

•Site Plan/Submission is not required for:


•For firing ranges with approved SDZ
•Range support facilities that are only used to store and
handle HD 1.4S munitions
•Site Plan/Submission is required for:
•Range support facilities (e.g., ammunition holding area,
storage pads, resupply points, ammunition transfer points
(ATPs), loading docks, burn pads, and handling areas) that
are designed, constructed, and used for recurring
ammunition operations and that are located on or near
ranges require explosives safety site plans.

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Range Safety - Lead (Pb)

Best Management Practices – Firing Range


• Hazardous compound - dust or water solution, breathed or
ingested.
• Public Health/Environmental Issue. Can enter drinking water.
•Procedures will:
• Keep the lead on the range
• Treat it to be chemically harmless
• Recycle it when required for safety & health/environment
•Procedures include:
Soil amendments Engineering controls
Vegetation control Contaminant monitoring
Reclaiming Recycling

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Range Safety – ‘Encroachment’ Control

Warning Verbiage (Bilingual) depends on level of Control Required


•Caution: Not w/in SDZ
•Danger to Life – around
perimeter of SDZ
• Certain Signs may be
required only when
firing is actually taking
place. E.g., M203
range or 300mKD
• Road guards
• Roving Patrols
• Surveillance
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Range Safety – Warnings

Warning signs shall be provided on the approaches to the range and the
perimeter of the SDZ, if access is not otherwise restricted.
Red flags and/or rotating, flashing red lights shall be provided at appropriate
locations to signal when the range is in use.
Fencing may be required when there are no other entry restrictions.

WARNINGS LOCATIONS

Danger--Firing in Progress Approach Roads


When Red Flag is Flying
Danger--Firing Ranges Fencing and Barriers
Do Not Enter
Danger--Laser Entry road and 100 feet (30.5 m)
intervals on perimeter fencing

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Range Safety Gran Traps

Following use with Tracer fire


Approximately 4500 rounds w/ 1:4
Newly renovated November 2004 tracer mix
Approx. $350K damage

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Range Safety – Urban Operations Ammo and Terms

URBAN ASSAULT COURSE


The Urban Assault Course (UAC) is a live five-station round-robin training facility
designed to teach basic building entry and room clearing techniques. Training can
be conducted under blank fire, MILES, Special Effects Small Arms Marking System
(SESAMS) or "paintball" conditions, and live fire grenadier gunnery engagements.
The UAC will be equipped with state-of-the-art three-dimensional targetry that has
plug-and-play capability. Targets will respond to lethal shot placements only, and
can be re-configured as either combatants or non-combatants.

SHOOT HOUSE
The Shoot House is a 3200 square-foot facility with interconnecting rooms and
hallways. It will be constructed of bullet absorbing material and may have an
overhead crane system to replace panels or blocks once they reach the bullet
absorption level. The Shoot House is a live-fire training facility and will be
completely instrumented to allow full-motion image and audio capture, and will also
have an After-Action Review (AAR) facility. This facility is designed to train fire team
and squad-sized elements in building entry and room clearing techniques under
live-fire conditions.
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Range Safety - Future Challenges

• Weapon systems more lethal and capable of delivering greater


firepower over increased distances.

•Training ranges required to support live-fire, subcaliber devices, and


laser and simulation technology.

•Requirement for range use is growing. Acquiring additional range lands


will be difficult, so sustaining current range lands becomes critical.

•Resource funding - In an era of intense resource competition, each


dollar spent to develop, mitigate, or restore training ranges must deliver
the maximum return in effective training and combat readiness.

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Range Safety - Future Challenges

Range development projects require planning by team who coordinates


RTLP process per AR 210- 21, Army Ranges and Training Land Program,
and other applicable regs/guidance. Members of the interdisciplinary team
are collectively called “Range Planners.”
Range planners:
• Seek innovative alternatives to fulfill training requirements.
• Consider surge requirements on short notice in the event of mobilization.
• Command interest and support - essential to each step of the
development process.
• Accurate, complete justification ensures resource expenditures provide
optimum return.
• Risk management process

TC 25-8 Training Ranges


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USAREUR Range Safety


Sources of Information
• FMs:
• Regulations:
• AR 385-63, Range Safety
• 3-22.9 (Rifle Marksmanship)
• 3-22.68 (Crew served MG)
• Draft AE Reg 385-63, Range Safety
• AR 600-55, Army Driver and Standardization
• 7-8 (Infantry Rifle Platoon & Squad )
Program (AE Reg 600-55) • 7-1 (Battle Focused)
• Other MACOMs’ Safety Regulations • 100-14 (Risk Mgt)
(FORSCOM, TRADOC, SOCOM, NGB) • 3-06 Urban Operations
• Pamphlets: • 3-06.11 Combined Arms (Urban)
• DA Pam 385-63, Range Safety Standards • 31-28 Spec Forces Adv Urban Combat
• DA Pam 350-38 STRAC
• TC 63-1 Warfighter Hdbk for CSS LFX
• USACE Design Manuals • TC 25-8 Training Ranges
• USACE, Eng & Spt Ctr, Hsv, Range and
• MIL HDBK 1027/3B (Range Facilities and Misc
Training Land Program, Standard Design
Training Facilities other than Buildings)
Manual
• Range Records – defines weapons, caliber,
• TMs - Weapon Systems
distance, positions (height limitations) • SOPs – Unit & Training Support Center – must
• SOUM, GPM, AIN, SOF, Safety Alerts address any/all specific training
• ASMIS - Accident Database • CALL TTPs/Lessons Learned
• CRC Preliminary Loss Reports • 7th ATC Convoy Operations and Convoy Live
Fire Program

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USAREUR Range Safety


Train effectively and with realism,

And do it SAFELY!

Questions?
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