Anda di halaman 1dari 10

Introduction to

Methods in Educational
Research


Why Study Educational Research?
To become Research Literate.
Because we live in a society thats driven by
research.
To improve critical thinking skills.
To learn how to read and critically evaluate
published research.
To learn how to design and conduct research.

Why Conduct Research?
Fills in blanks in our knowledge
Expands our own understanding of issues
Reproduce knowledge, to validate others work
Add other perspectives to the knowledge base
Improves Practice
Learn about new practices (new ways of doing)
Evaluate existing practices (why are we doing this?)
Informs about important policy issues
Our Challenge?

To be a TEACHER-
RESEARCHER
A careful, systematic, patient study and
investigation in some field of knowledge,
undertaken to discover or establish facts
and principles. In scientific research,
however, emphasis is on obtaining
evidence to support or refute proposed
facts or principles.



What is Research?
Objectives of Educational Research
Exploration. This is done when you are trying to generate ideas about something.
2. Description. This is done when you want to describe the characteristics of
something or some phenomenon.
3. Explanation. This is done when you want to show how and why a phenomenon
operates as it does. If you are interested in causality, you are usually interested in
explanation.
4. Prediction. This is your objective when your primary interest is in making
accurate predictions. Note that the advanced sciences make much more accurate
predictions than the newer social and behavioral sciences.
5. Influence. This objective is a little different. It involves the application of research
results to impact the world. A demonstration program is an example of this.
Objectives of Educational Research
Objectives Description
Exploration Generation of new ideas for some unexplored
problems.
Description Describe the Characteristics of the existing
phenomena or event.
Explanation Explains relationship and/or causality of the
phenomena under investigation.
Prediction The primary interest of the study is to make model for
predictions of some event/phenomena.
Influence Getting the best of the many possible choices of
influential variables.
The Flow of Conducting Research
Identifying A Research Problem
Specifying a problem
Justifying it
Why do we need to study it?
Reviewing the Literature
Locating Resources
Selecting
Summarizing
Purpose and Methodology
Purpose Statements
Funneling/Narrowing to
research questions or
hypothesis
Collecting Data
Study Groups/Control &
Treatment
Permission
Gathering Information
Analysis/Interpretation
Breaking down data
Depicting Data
Explaining Data
Reporting & Evaluating
What does this mean?
Which audience
Structuring report
Preliminaries
Title Page
Approval Sheet
General Evaluation Sheet
Table of Content
List of Tables and Figures
Abstract

Chapter 1 THE RESEARCH PROBLEM
Background and Rationale of the Study
Theoretical and Conceptual Framework of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Review of Literature
Research Hypotheses
Definition of Terms

Chapter 2 METHODOLOGY
Research respondents and Locale of the Study
Research Design and Procedure
Research Instrument
Data Analysis

Chapter 3 RESULTS, DISCUSSION, AND CONCLUSION
Results
Discussion
Conclusion and Recommendation

References
Appendices
Map of the Study
Letters
Research Instrument
Curriculum Vitae

-end-


THANK YOU!