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PMR 2013

TEKNIK MENJAWAB
KERTAS 2
Tiada kaedah yang
khusus untuk menjawab
soalan Mathematics
semua kaedah yang
betul, diterima.
6/3/2014 3
A = l x w
A =
1
2
x b x h
Jumlahkan
6/3/2014 4
Simplify
[3 marks]

( ) ( )
9 5
3
2
4
2
2 k m k mk
(PMR 2004)
( )( )( )( ) ( )( )( )
k k k k k k k k k m m m m m
kk kk kk mkk mkk mkk mkk

2 2 2 2
6/3/2014 5
Simplify
[3 marks]

( )( )( )( ) ( )( )( )
k k k k k k k k k m m m m m
kk kk kk mkk mkk mkk mkk

2 2 2 2
( ) ( )
9 5
3
2
4
2
2 k m k mk

6/3/2014 6
Simplify
[3 marks]

( )( )( )( ) ( )( )( )
k k k k k k k k k m m m m m
kk kk kk mkk mkk mkk mkk

2 2 2 2
( ) ( )
9 5
3
2
4
2
2 k m k mk


m
16k
5

6/3/2014 7
PERSEMBAHAN
JAWAPAN

6/3/2014 8
Kaedah dalam mendapatkan
jawapan
@ Langkah Kerja Mestilah Ditunjukkan
Dengan Jelas.
@ Jika Terus Kepada Jawapan, Calon
Tidak Akan Menerima Sebarang
Markah.

6/3/2014 9
Calculate the value of 0.9 ( 0.4 +
7
10
) and
express the answer as a decimal.
= 0.9 ( 0.4 + 0.7)
= 0.9 ( 0.3)
= 0.9 0.3
= 1.2
Mungkin disini
markah pertama
akan diberi
6/3/2014 10
2 . 1
10
12
10
3
10
9
10
7
10
4
10
9
=
=
=
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
F
R
A
C
T
I
O
N
S
DECIMAL
Calon boleh melakukan jalan kerja dalam bentuk
apa pun.
-0.9 (-0.4 +
7
10
)
Try Q1 and Q2 on page 9
Try Q1 on page 27
Try Q1 and Q2 on page 45
Try Q1 and Q2 on page 63
Try Q1 and Q2 on page 81


6/3/2014 12
3(a) Find the value of (1 9)
2

(b) Calculate the value of
3
36
2
1
|
.
|

\
|

Answer/Jawapan :
(a)
(b)
3 marks
6/3/2014 13
3(a) Find the value of (1 9)
2

(b) Calculate the value of
3
36
2
1
|
.
|

\
|

Answer/jawapan :
(a) 4
(b)
3 marks
Boleh terus beri jawapan
sebab hanya 1 markah
untuk bahagian ini.
6/3/2014
3(a) Find the value of (1 9)
2

(b) Calculate the value of
3
36
2
1
|
.
|

\
|

Answer/Jawapan:
(a) 4
(b)
3
6
2
1
|
.
|

\
|

( )
3
3 =
27 =
3 marks
Mesti buat jalan kerja
sebab bahagian ini
akan diberi 2 markah.
Try Q3 on page 9
Try Q3 on page 27
Try Q4 on page 46
Try Q3 on page 63
Try Q3 on page 81


6/3/2014 16
Jawapan mestilah
dalam bentuk yang
paling ringkas


4x + 3 = 13
4x = 13 3
4x = 10
x =
10
4

2.5 or
2
1
2 or
2
5
6/3/2014 18
PERSEMBAHAN JAWAPAN
5
1
5
4
20
= = = x
6/3/2014 19
PERSEMBAHAN JAWAPAN


2
3

2
3
2
3



6/3/2014 20
PERSEMBAHAN JAWAPAN
1 2x = 4
2x = 4 1
2x = 3
x =


2
3
2
3
=


6/3/2014 21
PERSEMBAHAN JAWAPAN
Soalan : Find the value of



Jawab :

2
1
2
3
5 5
2
1
2
3
5

=
2
2
5 =
5 5
1
= =


Example
- Q13 on page 14
(a) (k
2
)
6
= k
2x6
= k
12
Nampak () darab masuk
-Nampak x itu +
-Nampak itu tolak
-Nampak () darab masuk
-2
0
= 1
-2
1
= 2
-2
-2
=
1
2
2

-2
1
3
= 2
3

How to simplify indices???
Example
- Q13 on page 14
(a) (k
2
)
6
= k
2x6
= k
12
Nampak () darab masuk
Try Q5 on page 28
Try Q11 on page 49
Try Q12 on page 67
Try Q8 on page 84


6/3/2014 26
PERSEMBAHAN JAWAPAN
Simplify 2p 3q (p + 5q)
= 2p 3q p 5q
= 1p 8q

1p = 1 x p = p
1 x 7 = 7 (tak akan tulis 17)


6/3/2014 27
SCALE
DRAWING
(Lukisan Berskala)
6/3/2014 28
-
6/3/2014 29
Diagram 1 shows a pentagon. On
the grid in the answer space, draw
diagram 1 using the scale 1 : 300.
The grid has equal squares with
sides of 1 cm.
24 m
18 m
9 m
9 m
6/3/2014 30
TIDAK BOLEH TAMBAH KOTAK
JANGAN SUKAT SAIZ KOTAK
6/3/2014 31
Hanya gambarajah sahaja yang
dikehendaki, tidak perlu sebarang label
6/3/2014 32
Sketch drawing
and
Dotted Lines

6/3/2014 33


6/3/2014 34
6/3/2014 35
Gap
and
Extension

6/3/2014 36


gap
extansion
6/3/2014 37
Jangan
sampai
jadi
begini


- Try Q10 on page 10
- Try Q15 on page 32
- Try Q8 on page 48


6/3/2014 39
6/3/2014 40
6/3/2014 41
6/3/2014 42

Translation


|
|
.
|

\
|
2
5
6/3/2014 43




S
R
Q
P
P
Q
R
S
6/3/2014 44
Rotation 90
o
clockwise
about point K.
Putaran 90
o
ikut arah jam pada
pusat titik K.
Rotation, 90
o
,clockwise,point K.
Putaran, 90
o
, ikut jam, pusat K.


6/3/2014 45
CONGRUENT
keserupaan
6/3/2014 46
Diagram in the answer space
shows polygon ABCDEF and
straight line PQ drawn on a grid of
equal squares.
Starting from the line PQ, draw
polygon PQRSTU which is
congruent to polygon ABCDEF.
6/3/2014 47
Q
P
F
E
D
C
B
A
6/3/2014 48
Diagram in the answer space
shows polygon ABCDEF and
straight line PQ drawn on a grid of
equal squares.
Starting from the line PQ, draw
polygon PQRSTU which is
congruent to polygon ABCDEF.
ABCDEF
PQRSTU
6/3/2014 49
Q
P
F
E
D
C
B
A
6/3/2014 50
Q
P
F
E
D
C
B
A
F
E
D
C
B
A
6/3/2014 51
Letakkan
A pada P
dan
B pada Q
6/3/2014 52
Q
P
F
E
D
C
B
A
F
E
D
C
B
A
6/3/2014 53
Q
P
F
E
D
C
B
A
6/3/2014 54






C
B
A
B
A
C
y
6/3/2014 55
Reflection about y-axis.
Reflection, y-axis.
Pantulan pada paksi-y.
Pantulan, paksi-y.

6/3/2014 56
In diagram, PQRS is the image of PQRS under a
transformation W.
[2 marks]
P P
Q Q
S S
R R
Describe in fully transformation W.
6/3/2014 57
In diagram, PQRS is the image of PQRS under a
transformation W.

[2 marks]
P P
Q Q
S S
R R
Describe in fully transformation W.
A
B
6/3/2014 58
Reflection at AB
Reflection about AB
Pantulan pada garis AB

6/3/2014 59
Diagram in the answer space shows two quadrilqterals, ABCD and ABCD,
drawn on a grid of equal squares. ABCD is the image of ABCD under a
reflection. On the diagram in the answer space, draw the axis of reflection.
(PMR 2005)
[2 marks]
A
B C
D
D
C
B
A
6/3/2014 60
Diagram in the answer space shows two quadrilqterals, ABCD and ABCD,
drawn on a grid of equal squares. ABCD is the image of ABCD under a
reflection. On the diagram in the answer space, draw the axis of reflection.
(PMR 2005)
[2 marks]
A
B C
D
D
C
B
A
Tajam
6/3/2014 61
Diagram in the answer space shows two quadrilqterals, ABCD and ABCD,
drawn on a grid of equal squares. ABCD is the image of ABCD under a
reflection. On the diagram in the answer space, draw the axis of reflection.
(PMR 2005)
[2 marks]
A
B C
D
D
C
B
A
Tajam
6/3/2014 62
Diagram in the answer space shows two quadrilqterals, ABCD and ABCD,
drawn on a grid of equal squares. ABCD is the image of ABCD under a
reflection. On the diagram in the answer space, draw the axis of reflection.
(PMR 2005)
[2 marks]
A
B C
D
D
C
B
A
6/3/2014 63
Diagram in the answer space shows two quadrilqterals, ABCD and ABCD,
drawn on a grid of equal squares. ABCD is the image of ABCD under a
reflection. On the diagram in the answer space, draw the axis of reflection.
(PMR 2005)
[2 marks]
A
B C
D
D
C
B
A
Ini jawapan
sebenarnya


Jangan gunakan
compasses untuk
membina axis of
reflection.
6/3/2014 65
Diagram in the answer space shows two quadrilqterals, ABCD and ABCD,
drawn on a grid of equal squares. ABCD is the image of ABCD under a
reflection. On the diagram in the answer space, draw the axis of reflection.
(PMR 2005)
[2 marks]
A
B C
D
D
C
B
A
Jangan
bina axis
yang
pendek
- Try Q5 on page 10
- Try Q6 on page 11
- Try Q6 on page 28
- Try Q11 on page 30
- Try Q12 on page 31
- Try Q7 on page 47
- Try Q17 on page 53
- Try Q5 on page 64
- Try Q7 on page 65
- Try Q5 on page 82