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INTRODUCTION TO THINKING SKILLS

Thinking Skill Teams

TOPIC 1

EUW322- KEMAHIRAN BERFIKIR

THINKING SKILL

What is think and thinking?

Think

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cognitive

behaviour

Involves control. Mind’s movement become

thinking when we direct them.

Conclusion: Thinking is any mental activity that helps formulate or solve a problem, make a decision, or fulfill a desire to understand. It is a searching for answers, a reaching for meaning (Ruggreio, 2012).

Thinking skills definitions

Costa (1985) in Philips 1999, gives meaning to thinking skill as a process by the mind as the result of receiving stimulus of the five senses. The meaning of stimulus then were seen in

action.

Sigel (1984) says thinking skill is a

reflex action, conceptual and

resolving activities.

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Thinking skill by Dewey (1933) in Philips (1999) is an effort of the mind to examine and weight certain information according to specific criteria.

Butterworth & Thwaites (2005), thinking skill is a critical thinking and

can be argumentative.

So, what is thinking skills?

Conclusion: Cognitive processes in search of meaning and understanding of something, exploration on any possible ideas, decision

making, problem solving and doing what is

right, thus in concerns on the reflections of what has been-values on the thinking processes that has been made.

Why is thinking skills is so important?

Cognitive stimulations as to find problem

solving methods in various ways and

techniques in order to solve various kinds of life problems.

  • To produce a self learning, self independence and informative individual.

  • Have the view on becoming holistic individual.

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  • Able to use and outsource various resources in a creative and specific way/s in search of an answer of/or problem solver to a certain problem.

  • Able to create and build positive social bonding.

  • Able to avoid conflict.

  • Able to better communication (good communication skills).

  • Able to understand various socio-cultures, norms and the belief of other races, ethnics without any prejudice on skin colours and religions.

Obstacles in developing thinking skills

Gunung Kinabalu’ affect-Knowledge only on what has been taught. Not showing neither abilities

nor skills in search of any new knowledge and

additional skills within subject matters.

Spoon feed’ teaching-Everything was

prepared for. Not willingly to be self

independence learning. Hoping everything to be provided by the instructor.

Continue Thinking trap- Ego-one way of thinking (area of interest),

not explorative enough, not willing to listen to others,

selfishness and bias.

No Creative Thinking!

Type of Thinking Skills

Use of thinking skills in order to solve problem.

Positive

Analytical problem/cases (Reactive based)

Analyze (Information + techniques)

Creative

Type of Thinking Skills Use of thinking skills in order to solve problem. Positive Analytical problem/cases
Type of Thinking Skills Use of thinking skills in order to solve problem. Positive Analytical problem/cases

Find solution and solve problem

Negative

Type of Thinking Skills Use of thinking skills in order to solve problem. Positive Analytical problem/cases

“Think out of Box”

Type/Styles of thinking

Logical thinking Critical thinking Creative thinking Analytical thinking Reactive thinking Historical thinking Technical thinking

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Hypothetical thinking Projective thinking Proactive thinking Constructive thinking Intuitive thinking Objective thinking Vertical thinking

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Convergent and Divergent thinking Systematic thinking Pragmatic thinking Positive thinking Negative thinking Value thinking Emotive thinking

The End