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NATIONAL COMPETITION ’07-08

FOR CIVIL & STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING STUDENTS


ON BEST INNOVATIVE STRUCTURAL STEEL DESIGN
ORGANISED BY: INSDAG

DESIGN OF STEEL EXHIBITION


BUILDING

B.Q.Rahman
COMPUTER AIDED STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
FINAL YEAR ‘2007-08,
IIIT-HYDERABAD
Presentation outline
Architectural Features
Structural Analysis
Structural Design
Bill of Materials (quantity Estimate)
Concluding Remarks
Reference
Architectural Features
Exhibition Hall Dimensions
 Dimension of the plot is assumed as
Circular 120m Diameter with 15m Height

 Spacing of 20m along the length of the hall

 There are 19 stalls of dimensions 20mx14m.


Architectural Drawings
Plan
Elevation
Grid Plan

All Drawings are done by using AUTO CAD 2007


Structural Analysis

Structural Analysis is done by


STAAD Pro.2006
Loads Considered
Dead Load

Live Load IS:875 (part 2) – 1987

Wind Load as per IS:875 part 3-


1987

Seismic Load as per IS:1893 2002


Load combinations
o DL
o LL
o SL ( +VE X DIRECTION)
o SL (-VE X DIRECTION)
o SL (+VE Z DIRECTION)
o SL (-VE Z DIRECTION)
o WL ( +VE X DIRECTION)
o WL (-VE X DIRECTION)
o WL (+VE Z DIRECTION)
o WL (-VE Z DIRECTION)
o DL +LL
o DL+WL ( FOR ALL 4 DIRECTIONS)
o DL+SL ( FOR ALL 4 DIRECTIONS)
o DL +LL +SL ( FOR ALL 4 DIRECTIONS)
o DL +LL +WL ( FOR ALL 4 DIRECTIONS)
Member Design
 Curved beams
 Truss element
 Bracings
 Columns
 Base plate
Design of Curved beam
 The roof is supported by main
curved beams
 The wind load is coming on sheeting and is
transferred to the beams
Design Table
load case: DL+LL+WL
Name Maximum Maximum Section Provided
Of Axial Force Bending Moment
Curve beam (kN) (kN-m)

1 66.12 144.07

500mm dia
2 74.91 158.82 x100mm thick
tubular section.

3 95.0 12.74
Design calculations
 The max bending moment for curve beam
is 144.07 KN-m
 Allowable bearing stress σbc= 165Mpa
 Section modulus required
Z(req)=B.M/ σbc= 873.15x10³ mm³
 The provided section having Z(pro)=
1066.2x10³ mm³.
 Allowable deflection ù= L/325
ù =12.77x10³ /325
ù =39mm
 The maximum deflection obtained after
analysis = 0.44mm.
 The connection between the members
are made directly tube to tube with
butt weld.
 For welding of tubular truss 4mm fillet
weld are provided.
Truss element
North light roof truss is provided
The member carry direct forces only
The property of the truss is 200mm dia & 50mm thick
Max. compressive force 1391KN.
Max. Tensile force 1124KN
Bracings
 Horizontal bracings are provided to the truss
element.
 It provides stability against horizontal sway.
 The property of the bracing member is 200mm
dia & 50mm thick.
 Max tensile force 1377KN
 Max Compressive force 462KN
Columns/struts
 Columns are taking loads from beams, side rails
& truss member.
 Length of column is 15 meters.
 Column end condition: Fixed-Fixed
 Struts end condition: Fixed-pinned
 Max Bending Moments in column
52.1KN-m
 Max Bending Moments in Strut in 45.1KN-m
Check for compression
 Effective length: 0.65x15=9.75m
 Assuming permissible compressive stress
110Mpa
 Area appox:4527mm²
 Tubular 500 is assumed
 Slenderness ratio=60<180
 From table clauses 5.5.1 αac=122Mpa
 Safe
load=122x8840/1000=1078KN>498KN(axial
load in the member)
 Safe to carry axial load.
Design Base plate
 The base plate is designed considering
vertical load & moment.
 Taking length of base plate 1.5m
 (M/P)=(45x10³/736)=61mm<L/6(250mm)
 Width of base plate=(2xp/αxL)=250mm
 Now equating bending moment to the
moment resistance t=424mm
 Base plate size 1.5x0.25x0.420
Bill of Materials
SL. DESCRIPTION TOTAL WEIGHT
NO. kG
1 500 NB Heavy Tube 591500
(columns)
2 500 NB Heavy Tube 2129600
(Beams)

3 200 NB Heavy Tube 14390


(Bracings)
4 30mm plate 678(m³)
(Aluminum)
TOTAL WEIGHT= 2735490
Concluding Remarks
Due to curved shape of the roof wind load on the
structure is reduced.
 Use of light tubular to make it cost effective and
light structure
 Tubular structure gives more load carrying
capacity because more moment of inertia
 Tubes make more aesthetic view
 Under dynamic loading tubes have higher
frequency of vibration than any other material.
 Due to accident on Nov 2nd . I couldn't participated in these
prestigious competition. So kindly accept the PPT slides on behalf
of my absent.

GUIDED BY:
PROFF. Pradeep Kumar Ramancharala
H.O.D-EERC
IIIT-HYDERABAD.

SPECIAL THANKS TO:


1. INSTITUTE FOR STEEL DEVELOPMENT & GROWTH
2. Arijit Guha
Coordinator (Civil Award Competition)