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Regents Prep Day 7

Printing Press, Reformations, and the

Science Revolution
I) Gutenbergs Printing Press
Johann Gutenberg
Created the Printing Press
Caused many changes:

Literacy increased in Europe

Books became cheaper & easier to make

Peasants began to become educated

Printed Bibles increased the spread of
religious ideas and beliefs
II) Abuses by the Church

- Church is getting rich off of
indulgences (Ticket to heaven
and for forgiveness of sins)

- Becoming caught up in power
instead of religious affairs

- People believed the Pope
decided who went to heaven or

- Many manors left to the Church
III) Protestant Reformation
A) Many Christians
wanted to reform
(change) the
B) Martin Luther
wrote 95
arguments (Called
95 Thesis) against
indulgences and
why the church /
pope were corrupt.
III) Protestant Reformation
C) Martin Luther
believed Christians
could only reach heaven
through faith in God and
by performing good

D) Luther began a new
Christian religion, called
Protestants, which did
not include the Pope
IV) Calvinism
A) John Calvin -
religious reformer
against the church

B) Predestination
God had already
chosen who was
going to be saved and
who wasnt.
V) Anglican Church
A) Henry wanted the right
to have more than one
wife, and divorce them at
his will. The Pope
refused Henrys divorce

B) Henry created his own
church, the Anglican
Church of England
VI) The Church Fight Back
A) Counter-Reformation -
Church fighting back and
making changes


1) Ends indulgences
2) Corrupt priests were
excommunicated (kicked out
of) the church and priesthood
Science Revolution

I) Revolution

- A complete change in methods or

II) Beliefs
before the
A) Geocentric Theory -
Earth was the center of
the universe

B) All things came from
God and happened
because of God

III) Scientific Revolution

A) Scientific Revolution a complete
change in how the world was viewed

B) Scientists question church teachings

C) Everything that happens can be explained
through science, observation, and

D) Scientific method step-by-step process
used to prove or disapprove a hypothesis
IV) Science
Revolution Scientists

E) Copernicus heliocentric
theory (earth and and planets
revolve around the sun)

F) Galileo telescope /
studied astronomy

G) Newton Studied gravity