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submitted to- submitted by-

Dr. Ritu Jindal Mandip Kaur


HOD Roll No. 34
Department of Pedodontia BDS IV prof
and Preventive Dentistry














The Zsigmondy/Palmer notation for the permanent
dentition is a four quadrant symbolic system , in which
beginning with central incisor , the teeth are numbered 1
through 8 in each arch .

The palmer notation for the entire permanent dentition is as
follows :
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
for example :right maxillary first molar is designated as 6
And left mandibular central incisor as 1




It was introduced by ADA in 1968 .
Universal system notation for entire primary dentition is as follow :
A B C D E F G H I J
T S R Q P O N M L K
EXAMPLE :: maxillary teeth beginning with right second molar
use letters A through J

For the mandibular teeth , letters K through T , beginning with left
mandibular second molar

For permanent dentition , the maxillary teeth are numbered from 1
through 16 beginning with right third molar .

Beginning with mandibular left third molar , teeth are numbered
17 through 32 .

Thus the right maxillary first molar is designated as 3 , the
maxillary left central incisor is 9

The following universal notation designates the entire
permanent dentition:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17
A two- digit system proposed by Federation Dentaire
International[FDI] for both the primary and permanent dentitions
has been adopted by WHO and accepted by other organizations
such as IADR [International Association For Dental Research ]

FDI system of tooth notation for primary teeth is as follows
::
55 54 53 52 51 61 62 63 64 65
85 84 83 82 81 71 72 73 74 75

Numeral 5 indicates maxillary right and 6 indicates maxillary
left side.

The second no. of two digit no. is the tooth no.for each side.

The no. 8 indicates mandibular right and 7 indicates
mandibular left side .

e.g. 51 refers to maxillary right primary central incisor ..


The FDI system of tooth notation for permanent dentition is as
follows ::
18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

First digit indicates the quadrant [1 to 4] for permanent
dentition and for primary dentition [5 to 8]..

e.g. Permanent upper right central incisor is 11 ..
[ pronounced as one-one , not eleven ]
TOOTH 1ST EVIDENCE OF CROWN ERUPTION ROOT
CALCIFICATION COMPLETED (MONTHS) COMPLETED
(WEEKS IN UTERO) (MONTHS) (YEARS)
UPPER
I1 51 61 14 1 10 1
I2 52 62 16 2 11 2
C 53 63 17 9 19 3
MI 54 64 15 6 16 2
M2 55 65 19 11 29 3

LOWER
I1 71 81 14 2 8 1
I2 72 82 16 3 13 1
C 73 83 17 9 20 3
MI 74 84 15 5 16 2
M2 75 85 18 10 27 3
Chronology of primary teeth
PRIMARY DENTITION

TOOTH ERUPTION AGE

A 6 months
A 9 months
B 1 year
B ,D ,D 11/2 years
C , C 2 years
E , E 21/2 years

PERMANENT DENTITION
TOOTH ERUPTION AGE
M1 , m1, L1 6-7 years
I1 , L2 7-8 years
I2 8-9 years
c[l] 9-10 years
P1[u] 10-11 years
P2[u] , p1[l] 10-12 years
C[u] , p2[l] 11-12 years
m2[l] 11-13 years
M2[u] 12-13 years
M3 , m3 18-25 years

note- upper case letters are designated by CAPITALS and lower case by small alphabets .