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Managing Health &

Safety
Chapter 6
UU No 3/1992 tentang Jaminan Sosial
Tenaga Kerja

Pasal 1
Kecelakaan kerja adalah kecelakaan yang terjadi
berhubung dengan hubungan kerja, termasuk
penyakit yang timbul karena hubungan kerja,
demikian pula kecelakaan yang terjadi dalam
perjalanan berangkat dari rumah menuju tempat
kerja,dan pulang ke rumah melalui jalan yang
biasa atau wajar dilalui.
lanjutan
Pasal 8
1.Tenaga kerja yang tertimpa kecelakaan kerja berhak
menerima jaminan Kecelakaan Kerja.
2.Termasuk tenaga kerja dalam Jaminan Kecelakan
Kerja ialah:
a. magang dan murid yang bekerja pada perusahaan
baik yang menerima upah maupun tidak;
b. mereka yang memborong pekerjaan kecuali jika
yang memborong adalah perusahaan;
c. narapidana yang dipekerjakan di perusahaan.
lanjutan
Pasal 9
Jaminan Kecelakaan Kerja sebagaimana dimaksud dalam
Pasal 8 ayat (1) meliputi :
a. biaya pengangkutan;
b. biaya pemeriksaan, pengobatan, dan/atau perawatan;
c. biaya rehabilitasi;
d. santunan berupa uang yang meliputi :
1. santunan sementara tidak mampu bekerja;
2. santunan cacad sebagian untuk selama-lamanya;
3. santunan cacad total untuk selama-lamanya baik fisik
maupun mental;
4. santunan kematian.
lanjutan

Pasal 10
1. Pengusaha wajib melaporkan kecelakaan kerja yang
menimpa tenaga kerja kepada Kantor Departemen
Tenaga Kerja dan Badan Penyelenggaraan dalam
waktu tidak lebih dari 2 kali 24 jam.
2. Pengusaha wajib melaporkan kepada Kantor
Departemen Tenaga Kerja dan Badan Penyelenggara
dalam waktu tidak lebih dari 2 kali 24 jam setelah
tenaga kerja yang tertimpa kecelakaan oleh dokter
yang merawatnya dinyatakan sembuh, cacad atau
meninggal dunia.
Lanjutan pasal 10

3. Pengusaha wajib mengurus hak tenaga kerja yang


tertimpa kecelakaan kerja kepada Badan
Penyelenggara sampai memperoleh hak-haknya.
4. Tata cara dan bentuk laporan sebagaimana
dimaksud dalam ayat (1) dan ayat (2) ditetapkan
oleh Menteri
Sanksi Hukum

Berdasarkan Pasal 15 Ayat 2 Undang-Undang


Nomor 1 Tahun 1970 tentang Keselamatan
Kerja, perusahaan yang tidak melaksanakan
K3 dapat diancam pidana kurungan selama-
lamanya 3 bulan atau denda setinggi-tingginya
Rp 100.000.
The Real Cost of Accident

 Number of work-related accidents in Indonesia


(2006)  92.743 cases
 In 2005  96.081 cases, with 2.045 lives lost
 2006  work-related accidents have cost companies
at least Rp 214 billion directly
 According to Kompas, in 2006, work-related
accidents have cost companies Rp 750 billion
indirectly (disruption of production process,
machinery repair bills, lost opportunity caused by low
productivity)
Dangerous Machines

 Machinery is very unforgiving to the human


body if it gets caught up in it by accident.
 In industry there are many occasions when it
is necessary to insert something into a
machine. This typically happens if the
machine is a press or a saw and it is
intended to press down on the object or cut it
with the blade of a saw.
UU No 1/1970 Keselamatan Kerja
Pasal 9.
(1)Pengurus diwajibkan menunjukkan dan menjelaskan pada tiap
tenaga kerja baru tentang :
a.Kondisi-kondisi dan bahaya-bahaya serta yang dapat timbul
dalam tempat kerjanya;
b.Semua pengamanan dan alat-alat perlindungan yang diharuskan
dalam tempat kerjanya;
c.Alat-alat perlindungan diri bagi tenaga kerja yang bersangkutan;
d.Cara-cara dan sikap yang aman dalam melaksanakan
pekerjaannya.
(2)Pengurus hanya dapat mempekerjakan tenaga kerja yang
bersangkutan setelah ia yakin bahwa tenaga kerja tersebut telah
memahami syarat-syarat tersebut di atas.
lanjutan

(3)Pengurus diwajibkan menyelenggarakan pembinaan


bagi semua tenaga kerja yang berada di bawah
pimpinannya, dalam pencegahan kecelakaan dan
pemberantasan kebakaran serta peningkatan
keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja, pula dalam
pemberian pertolongan pertama pada kecelakaan.
(4)Pengurus diwajibkan memenuhi dan mentaati semua
syarat-syarat dan ketentuan-ketentuan yang berlaku
bagi usaha dan tempat kerja yang dijalankannya.
Pressure Systems

 Ifpressure systems fail, they can seriously


injure or kill people. Every year there are
about 150 dangerous occurrences (reported
to the Health and Safety Executive), involving
unintentional releases of gas or fluid from
pressure systems. Around six of these result
in fatal or serious injury
Examples of Pressure Systems

a pressure cooker and autoclave-


 a steam boiler, associated pipework and
protective devices, and steam heating
devices
 a portable hot water/steam cleaning unit
 a fixed LPG storage system supplying fuel for
heating in a workplace
Electrical Safety

 Electricity
kills and injures people. Around
1000 electrical accidents at work are
reported to HSE each year and about 25
people die of their injuries.
lanjutan

Many deaths and injuries arise from:


 use of poorly maintained electrical equipment;
 work near overhead power lines;
 contact with underground power cables during excavation
work;
 mains electricity supplies (230 volt);
 use of unsuitable electrical equipment in explosive areas
such as car paint spraying booths;
 Fires started by poor electrical installations and faulty
electrical appliances cause many additional deaths and
injuries.
Hazardous Substances

 Hazardous and toxic substances are defined


as those chemicals present in the workplace
which are capable of causing harm. In this
definition, the term chemicals includes dusts,
mixtures, and common materials such as
paints, fuels, and solvents
lanjutan

Hazardous substances include:


 Substances used directly in work activities
(adhesives, paints, cleaning agents)
 Substances generated during work activities
(fumes from soldering and welding)
 Naturally occurring substances (grain dust)
 Biological agents such as bacteria and other
micro-organism
lanjutan

Examples of the effects of hazardous substances


include:
 skin irritation or dermatitis as a result of skin contacts
 asthma as a result of developing allergy to
substances used at work
 losing consciousness as a result of being overcome
by toxic fumes
 cancer, which may appear long after the exposure to
chemicals that caused it
 infection from bacteria and other micro-organism
Confined Spaces

 Many workplaces contain spaces that are considered


"confined" because their configurations hinder the
activities of any employees who must enter, work in,
and exit them
 A confined space is a place which is substantially
enclosed (though not always entirely), and where
serious injury can occur from hazardous substances
or conditions within the space or nearby (e.g. lack of
oxygen).
Manual Handling

 Manual handling is any activity involving


theuse of muscular force (or effort) to lift,
move,push, pull, carry, hold or restrain any
object,including a person or animal
 Manual handling also includes repetitive
activity seen in assembly work; the effort
needed to maintain the fixed postures that
occur in the back and neck,while typing.
RSI (Repetitive Strain Injury)
 This injury is caused by actions which occur over long periods of using
the hand, wrist or forearm in an awkward twisting or binding position.
 Jobs in which the same hand movements are repeated over and over
have the highest injury potential. Here are some examples:
1. Product packaging.
2. Electronic assembly.
3. Poultry processing and packing.
4. Manual sewing.
5. Heavy scrubbing and other cleaning tasks.
6. Screw driving either manually or with an air gun.
7. Various keyboard operations.
8. Stamping, checking, and sorting