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Duty and responsibility of an Islamic State

• The duty of an Islamic state is to establish Salah and Zakah.

• Promote the right and forbid the wrong.
• The state is responsible for the welfare of all its citizens - Muslims and non-Muslims
• It must guarantee the basic necessities of life.
• All citizens of the Islamic state shall enjoy freedom of belief, thought, conscience and
• Every citizen shall be free to develop his potential, improve his capacity, earn and
• A citizen shall enjoy the right to support or oppose any government policy which he
thinks right or wrong with the following in mind.:
• The Islamic state is a duty bound to implement the laws of the Qur’an and the Sunnah.
The Qur’an strongly denounces those who do not decide their matters by Allah’s
revelations (5:42-50).
• The Islamic state shall ensure a fair distribution of wealth. Islam does not believe in equal
distribution as it is against the law of creation.
Responsibilities of Muslim Rulers
and Every Individuals
• Everyone is responsible
Ibn 'Umar(RA) narrated that the Prophet(SAW)
said,"Everyone of you is a guardian and is
responsible for his subjects. The ruler who has
authority over people, is a guardian and is responsible
for them. A man is guardian of his family and is
responsible for them. A woman is a guardian for her
husband's house and children, and is responsible for
them. A slave is a guardian of his master's property
and is responsible for it. So, all of you are guardians
and are responsible for your charges." (Sahih Al-
Bukhari, Sahih Muslim).
Responsibilities of Muslim Rulers and Every Individuals

• Resenting seeking leadership

Abdur-Rahman bin Samurah(RA) narrated that the Messenger of
Allah(SAWS) said:"O Abdur-Rahman! Do not seek to be a ruler,
because if you are given authority on asking for it, then it will be a
burden on you; but if you are given it without asking for it, then you
will be helped in it (by Allah)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim).

Abu Dhar(RA) narrated: I said: "O Messenger of Allah, will you not
appoint me for a public office?" He stroked my shoulder with his
hand and said:"O Abu Dhar, you are weak and authority is a trust,
and on the Day of Resurrection it is a cause of humiliation and
sorrow except for him who fulfills its obligations and (properly)
discharges the duties thereon." (Sahih Muslim).
Responsibilities of Muslim Rulers and Every Individuals

• Ruler's reward
Abu Hurairah(RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAWS)
said: "A ruler (of the Muslims) is a shield for them.
They fight behind him, and they are protected by him.
If he enjoins fear of Allah, the Exalted, and Glorious,
and dispenses justice, there will be a reward for him;
and if he enjoins otherwise, he will receive its
consequences." (Sahih Muslim).
Responsibilities of Muslim Rulers and Every Individuals

• Reward for discharge of responsibility justly

Abdullah bin 'Umar(RA) narrated the Messenger of
Allah(SAWS) said: " Behold! The dispensers of justice
will be seated on the pulpits of light in proximity of
Allah, on the right side of the Merciful, and Exalted.
And both sides of Allah are right. Those who do justice
in their rules, in matters relating to their families and in
all that they undertake to do." (Sahih Muslim).
Responsibilities of Muslim Rulers and Every Individuals

• Religion is sincerity and goodwill

Tamim Ad-Dari(RA) narrated that the Prophet(SAWS)
said: "Religion is sincerity and goodwill." We asked: "For
whom?" He said: "To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, the
leaders of Muslims and the Muslims in general." (Sahih

Jarir(RA) reported: The Messenger of Allah(SAWS) was

given pledge by me to perform the prayers, to pay Zakat,
and to offer sincere advice to every Muslim.
(Sahih Al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim).