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Leadership styles refer to a leaders

It is the result of the philosophy,
personality and experience of the leader.
Mejar Dr Yahya Don
Kurt Lewin's Leadership styles


Laissez Faire




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An Autocratic leader will not entertain any
suggestions or initiative from subordinates.
Under this type of leadership, one person
decides for the whole group. An autocratic
leader does not trust anybody.
Mejar Dr Yahya Don
It helps to make quick decisions
Inefficient and insincere workers can
easily be identified
It kills initiatives for work and results
in frustration among workers.
It often gives scope for conflicts
between the leader and his followers
A democratic leader can win the cooperation of his
group and can motivate them effectively and positively.
The decision finally made is mutually accepted.
It improves the job attitudes of the sub-ordinate staff.
this leadership is suitable only if the subordinates are
all capable of making worthwhile suggestions.
It may, sometimes be very difficult to evolve a solution
that is acceptable to everyone.
Mejar Dr Yahya Don
A free rein leader will leave the group entirely to itself
such as a leader allows maximum freedom to
1. The superior subordinate relationship is found to be
very good.
Highly efficient subordinates, can make use of the
freedom given to them to excel.
Control may become difficult As the leader does not
involve himself at all in the activities.
The subordinates are deprived of the expert advice
and moral support of their leader.

Mejar Dr Yahya Don
A functional leader is one who is an expert in a
particular field of activity. Such a leader always
thinks of the task he has undertaken and
spends most of his time finding out ways and
means of doing it better.

The very presence of an expert is beneficial to
the followers and the organisation.
the subordinates can certainly enrich their job
knowledge and skill.
Mejar Dr Yahya Don
An institutional leader is one who has become
a leader by virtue of his official position in the
organisational hierarchy. An institutional leader
may not be an expert in his field of activity.

He has official authority to act.
He may initiate action against a subordinate
who is shirking duties.
Mejar Dr Yahya Don
Mejar Dr Yahya Don

He will not be in a position to offer
proper guidance to his followers
because he may not be an expert in
his field of activity.
Although the leader has the official
right to demand performance from
his followers, he may not have the
moral right
A paternalistic leader takes care of his
followers in the way the head of the family
takes care of the family members
He assumes a paternal role to protect his sub-
He is always ready to provide the necessary
physical amenities to the sub-ordinates
He is not in a position to offer intellectual help
to his followers.
Mejar Dr Yahya Don
Mejar Dr Yahya Don

The functional leader will not be
able to go down to the level of
an average worker and offer
any help.
Misunderstandings may also
arise between the leader and
his followers.