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POLLUTION

* Introduction of a contaminant into the


environment.
A substance, though normally absent in
the environment, but in sufficient
concentration can adversely affect living
organisms.
Pollution
Contaminant
waste material that pollutes air, water or
soil
1. Chemical Nature
Pollutant
Factors that determine severity:
2. Concentration
3. Persistence
1. Horizontal
Pollutant
Zones of influence:
2. Vertical
a. Local
b. Regional
a. Surface
b. Global
Types of Pollution
1. Natural
2. Anthropogenic (Man-Made)
Natural
Anthropogenic
Air
1. Primary
Air Pollution
2. Secondary
1. SO
x
and NO
x
Air Pollution
2. CO
Pollutants
3. VOC
4. Particulates
1. Outdoor
Air Pollution
2. Indoor
Thermal I nversion
Anthropogenic
Air
Water
USES OF WATER
WATER POLLUTI ON
VS.
MARI NE POLLUTI ON
POI NT SOURCE
VS.
NONPOI NT SOURCE
NONPOINT SOURCES
Urban streets
Suburban
developmen
t
Wastewater
treatment
plant
Rural homes
Cropland
Factory
Animal feedlot
POINT
SOURCES
Chemicals and other Contaminants:
1. Organic
2. Inorganic
3. Macroscopic pollution
Anthropogenic
Air
Water Land
Solid Waste
Solid Waste
Population
Garbage
1. Open Dumps
Different Methods of Disposal
2. Ocean Dumping
3. Exporting
4. Burning
5. Landfill
Incinerators
Sanitary Landfill
The Three Rs
1. Reduce
2. Reuse
3. Recycle
Anthropogenic
Air
Water Land
Solid Waste
Other Types
1. Light
2. Visual
3. Noise
NOI SE ???
UNWANTED
SOUND
Unwanted sound that disrupts
quality of life.
NOI SE POLLUTI ON
TYPES
1. Community/Environmental
2. Occupational
COMMUNI TY
COMMUNI TY
COMMUNI TY
Occupational
EFFECTS
1. Deafness
2. Decreased efficiency
3. Stress
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 856
December 23, 1975
CODE ON SANITATION
Section 46
Responsibility of the Secretary
h. Promulgate control measures to reduce
noise pollution.
Section 47
Responsibilities of the employer and
employees
a. Employer responsibility
4. Adopt measures so that the noise
produced is within allowable limits so as
not to affect neighboring offices, buildings
or establishments
Section 48
Environmental provisions
d. Noise - Control measures shall be
provided to reduce intensity of noise
sufficiently to render it harmless to workers
and to eliminate it at its source as a
nuisance by following recommendations of
the local health or other government
authority.
Section 85
Types of Nuisances
g. Excessive noise
Section 88
Authority of the Secretary. - The Secretary is
authorized to promulgate rules and
regulations for the control and prevention of
the following types of pollution:
d. Noise pollution caused by industry, land
and air transports and building construction