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SUBMITTED TO :- DEEPAK SHARMA

SUBMITTED BY:-
AKANSHANEEKHRA
AKANSHA SHRIVASTAV
ABHISHEK TRIPATHI





PPT ON BICONICAL ANTENNA
INTRODUCTION
FIGURE
FEATURES
CONSTRUCTION
THEORY
APPLICATION
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
BIBLOGRAPHY


CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION:-
A biconical antenna is a conductor that can send and receive signals from two
cone-shaped element arrays that extend opposite one another. It is typically
hourglass shaped, as both conductors have a common axis and balun. These
broadband dipole antennas operate in ranges from 30 to 300 megahertz (MHz),
though ranges from 20 MHz to 3 gigahertz (GHz) are possible. They may have
bandwidths of three or more octaves.
Biconical antennas, sometimes called bicons, are essentially two cones touching
points with a common central axis. Each cone applies excitation at its vertex, or
point. These components may be driven by electronic charges, potentials, or
alternating magnetic fields and currents at the vertex. When only one cone is
angled into a plane, or at 180 degrees, it is referred to as a discone.
Available as small, large, portable, or fixed antennas, bicons are typically
constructed of conductive elements that fan out of a balun. A balun, short for
balance/unbalance, is a transformer coupling that converts current balances to
regulate impedance, which refers to the relationship between current, voltage,
resistance, and their effects on the antenna's radiation profile. The balun helps
determine radiation pattern and the antenna's efficiency. The elements radiate
symmetrically from their mount, although cylindrical and star -shaped varieties exist.


BICONICAL ANTENNA
BICONICAL ANTENNA

30 MHz to 100 MHz frequency range

2 Biconical elements

Tilt-angle and polarization are easily adjustable

High power balun handles up to 15 kW RF input power

Mounted on wheeled base for easy mobility

Wide beamwidth illuminates a large uniform area

FEATURES
CONSTRUCTION OF
BICONICAL ANTENNA
A biconical antenna consists of an arrangement of two
conical conductors, which is driven by potential, charge, or
an alternating magnetic field (and the associated alternating
electric current) at the vertex. The conductors have a
common axis and vertex. The two cones face in opposite
directions.
This example demonstrates biconical antenna analysis in
EMC Studio. Frequency range: 20 MHz - 300 MHz. .
THEORY OF BICONICAL
ANTENNA :-
In radio systems, a biconical antenna is a broad-bandwidth antenna made
of two roughly conical conductive objects, nearly touching at their
points. Biconical antennas are broadband dipole antennas, typically
exhibiting a bandwidth of 3 octaves or more.

The conical conductors need not be solid cones nor infinitely long. A
simple conical monopole antenna is a wire approximation of the solid
biconical antenna and has increased bandwidth (over a simple monopole). A
common variant is the Discone antenna, where one of the cones is replaced
with a flat disk. A bowtie antenna is a wire approximation in two dimensions
of a biconic dipole antenna (used, for example, for UHF television reception).


APPLICATION:-
Biconical antennas are used for emissions and immunity testing
to meet various EMC standards specified by FCC, CISPR and
EN.

Biconical antenna is suitable for EMI, Certification tests as FCC,
MIL-STD, VDE, TEMPEST, and also for immunity testing.

antennas are used for EMC site attenuation measurements for
better accuracy.


FUTURE APPLICATION OF
ANTENNA :-
Broadband RX-antenna for emission testing (20-300 MHz)

TX-antenna for immunity testing, especially at low frequencies.

Measurements of shielding effectiveness.

Evaluation of test sites e.g. anechoic rooms (FAC) and open area test sites (OATS).

Passive field probe for immunity testing

ADVANTAGES
Excellent azimuth pattern symmetry
Low loss, high efficiency.
DISADVANTAGES



BIBLOGRAPHY
REFERANCE BOOK:- K.D .PRASAD
WIKIPEDIA AND INTERNET
DEEPAK SIR
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