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B ATAAN P ENINSULA S TATE U NIVERSITY M AIN C AMPUS C ITY OF B

BATAAN PENINSULA STATE UNIVERSITY MAIN CAMPUS CITY OF BALANGA

GRADUATE SCHOOL

B ATAAN P ENINSULA S TATE U NIVERSITY M AIN C AMPUS C ITY OF B
EDD 512: SEMINAR IN PHILIPPINE SOCIETY AND CULTURE
EDD 512:
SEMINAR IN PHILIPPINE SOCIETY AND CULTURE
B ATAAN P ENINSULA S TATE U NIVERSITY M AIN C AMPUS C ITY OF B

Presented by:

MAR-ELEN FE G. RENOSA

Ed.D. Student

Presented to:

LOURDES S. SANTOS, Ed. D.

Professor

Topics:

Part 1- School as

Cultural Institution Part 2- Functions of Educational Institutions

Topics: • Part 1- School as • Cultural Institution Part 2 - Functions of Educational Institutions
UP OBLATION What does UP Oblation symbolize?

UP OBLATION

What does

UP Oblation

symbolize?

UP OBLATION What does UP Oblation symbolize?

UST

MAIN BUILDING

What does this building

reveal about

UST?

UST MAIN BUILDING What does this building reveal about UST?
BATAAN SURRENDER SITE MARKER Where did this event take place? How significant is this to Philippine

BATAAN SURRENDER SITE MARKER

Where did this event take place? How significant is this to Philippine

history?

BATAAN SURRENDER SITE MARKER Where did this event take place? How significant is this to Philippine
What can students learn from an institution like RELC aside from what its courses offer? SEAMEO
What can students
learn from an
institution like
RELC aside from
what its courses
offer?
SEAMEO RELC,
Singapore
Part 1- School as Cultural Institution
Part 1- School as Cultural Institution
Part 1- School as Cultural Institution

Cultural Institution

•
Cultural Institution • – All the characteristic activities and interests of a people. (T.S. Eliot) Institution

All the characteristic activities and interests of a

people.(T.S. Eliot)

Cultural Institution • – All the characteristic activities and interests of a people. (T.S. Eliot) Institution

Institution

Any structure or mechanism of social order and cooperation governing the behavior of a set

of individuals within a given

community may it be human or a specific animal one. Institutions are identified with a social purpose, transcending individuals and

intentions by mediating the

rules that govern cooperative living behavior

Cultural institution

a public or nonprofit institution within this state which engages in the cultural, intellectual, scientific,

environmental, educational or artistic enrichment of the people of this state

includes, without limitation, aquaria, botanical societies, historical societies, land conservation organizations, libraries, museums, performing arts associations or societies, scientific societies, wildlife conservation organizations and zoological societies.

Cultural

institution"

does

not

mean

any

school

or

any institution

primarily

engaged

in

religious

or

sectarian

activities.

Cultural institution • a public or nonprofit institution within this state which engages in the cultural,http://www.oregonlaws.org/glossary/definition/cultural_institution " id="pdf-obj-8-70" src="pdf-obj-8-70.jpg">

Cultural institutions are elements within a culture/sub-culture that

are perceived to be important to, or traditionally valued among, its

members for their own identity.

Examples of cultural institutions in modern

Western society are museums, churches, schools, work and the print media and television.

Cultural institutions are elements within a culture/sub-culture that are perceived to be important to, or traditionally

Education and Culture Education encompasses teaching and learning specific skills and also something less tangible but more profound: the imparting of knowledge good judgment and wisdom. Durkheim sees education as the socialization of the younger generation. It is a continuous effort to impose on the child ways of seeing, feeling and acting which he could not have arrived at spontaneously.

Education and Culture Education encompasses teaching and learning specific skills and also something less tangible but

Education and Culture continued…

Education and Culture continued…
a growing whole can be no break in the continuity of culture passed on through agents
a growing whole
can be no break in the continuity of
culture
passed on through agents
(family, school and the like)
set of beliefs, skills, art, literature,
philosophy, religion, music, etc.
which must be learned. This social
heritage must be transmitted
societies maintain themselves
through their culture
cultural transmission in all societies
through social organizations.
How does education transmit culture? curriculum •Formal curriculum •Hidden curriculum •Null curriculum Informal Extra-curricular relationships among
How does education transmit culture?
curriculum
•Formal curriculum
•Hidden curriculum
•Null curriculum
Informal
Extra-curricular
relationships
among teachers
and students
activities
Values
(team spirit, obedience,
discipline)

The question is: What kind of culture do we teach our students?

Education and Culture continued

Education acts an integrative force in the society by communicating values that unites different sections of society.

The school teach skills to the children which

help them later to integrate within the culture of

the society. Education in its formal or informal

pattern has been performing this role since time

immemorial. Education can be looked upon as process from this point of view also. Education has brought phenomenal changes in every aspect of

man’s life.

Part 2- Functions of Educational Institutions

Part 2- Functions of Educational Institutions

Educational Institution

Educational Institution Institution – act of teaching or training – seeks to nourish the good qualities
Educational Institution Institution – act of teaching or training – seeks to nourish the good qualities

Institution

act of teaching or training

seeks to nourish the good qualities in man and draw out the best in every individual. Education seeks to

develop the innate inner

capacities of man.

an organization founded and united for a specific purpose

Educational Institution Institution – act of teaching or training – seeks to nourish the good qualities
Educational Institution - an institution dedicated to education <a href=http://www.thefreedictionary.com/educational+institution " id="pdf-obj-17-2" src="pdf-obj-17-2.jpg">

Educational

Institution

- an institution dedicated to education

Educational Institution - an institution dedicated to education <a href=http://www.thefreedictionary.com/educational+institution " id="pdf-obj-17-13" src="pdf-obj-17-13.jpg">

Functions of Educational Institutions

Based on Functionalism: The consensus approach

Functionalism investigates institutions to consider the

functions they perform in society. The functionalist premise is

that if an institution exists, then there must be some reason for its existence.

As

regards

education,

functionalists

assume

that

educational institutions serve

some societal need. Educational institutions are

examined

for

the

positive

contribution

towards maintaining society.

they

make

Functions of Educational Institutions Based on Functionalism: The consensus approach Functionalism investigates institutions to consider the

Functions of Educational Institutions

Education is seen as vital as regards socialization. All

societies have to have ways of socializing new members, and some societies need specialist institutions for differentiating between people and allocating them to specific levels of economic activity

within their society - such is the case with industrial societies.

Two central functions performed by educational institutions:

1. General socialization of the whole population into the dominant culture,

values and beliefs of a

society.

2. Selecting people for different types and levels of education.

Functions of Educational Institutions Education is seen as vital as regards socialization . All societies have

These two basic intentions are suggested by Parsons.

In brief, education meets the needs of the system by:

  • 1. Making sure that all

children have a basic commitment to their society's values and beliefs.

These two basic intentions are suggested by Parsons. In brief, education meets the needs of the

Transmitting norms and values promotes social solidarity

  • 2. Preparing individuals

for their specific location within the social hierarchy.

These two basic intentions are suggested by Parsons. In brief, education meets the needs of the
Differentiation matches skills to societal needs and supports society's economic needs.
Differentiation matches
skills to societal needs and
supports society's economic
needs.
Differentiation The idea of differentiation derives from Durkheim. He argued that as societies develop and become

Differentiation

The idea of differentiation derives from Durkheim. He argued that as societies develop and become more complex they need to enhance

the division of labor and provide specialist agencies for executing this function. Education takes over the role previously filled by the family, work and any other social location that

presented a learning environment. At the level of individuals, industrial societies require specialists and education is seen as providing the appropriate educational output. More generally, Durkheim explains this change in the nature of relationships between individuals in a society as the change from solidaristic to organic forms of social solidarity (cohesion).

Differentiation The idea of differentiation derives from Durkheim. He argued that as societies develop and become

Meritocracy

The

existence

of

a

connection

between

personal

abilities

and

industrial needs is assumed by the tendency towards meritocracy. That is, people come to fill particular positions on the

basis of achievement, rather than their ascribed characteristics.

However, although it is true that achievement is more important in societies such as ours, social class, gender and ethnicity remain as important 'indirect determinants' in the sense that the quality of a person's educational attainment can be related to these ascribed characteristics.

Meritocracy The existence of a connection between personal abilities and industrial needs is assumed by the

The concept of meritocracy tends to lead functionalists into the area of genetics rather than culture. It is argued that some people are quite simply 'brighter' than others, and the education system picks these people out and gives them a higher level of education. Schools are seen as neutral and impartial screening devices.

Meritocracy The existence of a connection between personal abilities and industrial needs is assumed by the

Educational systems and

four central functions of education

  • 1. Differentiation

  • 2. Standardization

Educational systems and four central functions of education 1. Differentiation 2. Standardization 3. Vocational orientation 4.
  • 3. Vocational orientation

  • 4. Track mobility

Educational systems and four central functions of education 1. Differentiation 2. Standardization 3. Vocational orientation 4.

Educational systems and four central functions of education

1. Differentiation increases variability between students. As a consequence,

equality of opportunity is reduced. A higher

variability between students also enhances the visibility of qualifications to the labour

market, thereby enhancing the allocation

function

Educational systems and four central functions of education 1. Differentiation increases variability between students. As a

Educational systems and four central functions of education

2. Standardization reduces variability between schools of the same type and level.

This promotes equal opportunities. It may enhance (by setting standards) or reduce (by limiting competition between schools, Wößmann 2007) efficient learning. The visibility of qualifications to employers is enhanced (Shavit & Müller 1998), and standards are set to improve equality of citizenship

skills.

Educational systems and four central functions of education • 2. Standardization reduces variability between schools of
Educational systems and four central functions of education • 2. Standardization reduces variability between schools of

Educational systems and four central functions of education

3. Vocational orientation increases the labor market focus of an educational system.

This may reduce (vocational education as a dead

end street) or enhance (vocational education as a safety net, Arum & Shavit 1995) equality,

promote efficient learning, promote the allocation function, and limit the orientation towards the acquisition of citizenship skills.

Educational systems and four central functions of education 3. Vocational orientation increases the labor market focus

Educational systems and four central functions of education

4. Track mobility improves the matching of students to their educational attainment and achievement. This increases equality, improves efficient learning, and improves the allocation function.

Educational systems and four central functions of education 4. Track mobility improves the matching of students

Educational systems and four central functions of education

4. Track mobility improves the matching of students to their educational attainment and achievement. This increases equality, improves efficient learning, and improves the allocation function.

Educational systems and four central functions of education 4. Track mobility improves the matching of studentshttp://www.hermanvandewerfhorst.socsci.uva.nl/PROOProgrammeDescription.pdf " id="pdf-obj-28-9" src="pdf-obj-28-9.jpg">

Six Manifest Functions of Education

(Javier et al, 2002)

Socialization agent of social change control promoting social social and political placement integration transmitting culture
Socialization
agent of
social
change
control
promoting
social
social
and political
placement
integration
transmitting
culture
Six Manifest Functions of Education (Javier et al, 2002) Socialization agent of social change control promotinghttp://expertscolumn.com/content/six-manifest-functions-education " id="pdf-obj-29-10" src="pdf-obj-29-10.jpg">

"Bear in mind that the wonderful things you learn in your schools are the work of many generations, produced by enthusiastic effort and infinite labor in every country of the

world. All this is put into your hands as your inheritance in

order that you may receive it, honor it, add to it, and one day faithfully hand it to your children. Thus do we mortals achieve immortality in the permanent things which we create

in common."

-Albert Einstein

Thank you very much.

- Mar-Elen Fe G. Reñosa