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Oracle Fusion Financials
Enterprise Structures
Implementation and Configuration Considerations


Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Agenda
1. Overview
2. Key Features
Financial Reporting Structures
Charts of accounts
Calendars
Currencies
3. Additional Resources





4
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Overview
Financial Enterprise Structures

Financial enterprise structures are the entities that define
the reporting, legal and business aspects of your
enterprise

5
Financial Enterprise Structures
Financial
reporting
structures
- Charts of accounts
- Calendars
- Currencies

Legal
entities*
- Legal jurisdictions
and authorities
- Legal reporting
units
- Legal entities
Ledgers and
accounting
configurations*
Business
units*
- Business units and
business functions
- Reference data
sets
* Covered in a separate implementation training: Oracle Fusion Financials Enterprise Structures Implementation and
Configuration Considerations Part 2
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Overview
Key Features
6
Financial reporting structures
Charts of accounts
Value Sets
Chart of accounts structures
Chart of accounts structure instances
Account hierarchies
Cross validation rules
Calendars
Accounting calendars
Transaction calendars
Currencies
Currencies
Conversion rate types and daily rates

Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Charts of accounts
Financial reporting structures
7
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Feature Summary (1/2)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts


Define your chart of accounts structure, segments,
segment labels and value sets
Reuse the same chart of accounts structure to create
different chart of accounts structure instances that fit
your enterprise needs
Create and publish date-effective hierarchies to reflect
parent/child relationships between your segment values


8
Create your charts of accounts to organize and track your
financial transactions and reporting
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Feature Summary (2/2)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Define segment value security rules against your value
sets to control access to parent and detail values across
any chart of accounts segment
Define cross-validation rules to prevent creating
account combinations when certain values across
segments are combined


9
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Key Decisions (1/2)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Chart of accounts structure
How many structures do I need?
You must define at least one chart of
accounts structure. The structure defines
the number of segments, segment
sequence, and segment labels. If you
require any of these to change across
your charts of accounts, then define more
structures as needed.

How many segments should I define?
Identify the aspects of your business that
you need to track and analyze, such as
company, division, cost center,
department, account line of business, etc.
Anticipate future reporting requirements
by defining one or more future
segments.
Chart of accounts structure instances
How many structure instances do I
need?
The chart of accounts structure instance
inherits all the attributes of the chart of
accounts structure, but you can create as
many instances as you want and
customize them to fit your enterprise
needs.

What attributes can I customize in my
chart of accounts instances?
The number of segments, segment
sequence and segment labels are fixed
across all your chart of accounts
instances. However, you may choose to
have a unique value set or attach a
unique account hierarchy to each
segment instance.

10
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Key Decisions (2/2)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Account hierarchies
Do I need account
hierarchies?
Create account hierarchies to
reflect managerial, legal or
geographical relationships
between your value set values.
Your financial balances are pre-
aggregated at each parent level
in your hierarchy, thus allowing
fast and robust account inquiry
and drill.

How many account
hierarchies should I define?
Hierarchies are built on top of
value set values. You can define
as many as you want per value
set. We recommend creating
different hierarchies for trees
that serve different business
purposes (e.g. management
versus geographical hierarchy),
and within each hierarchy define
date-effective versions to reflect
changes over time.
Segment value security
Do I need segment value
security?
Implement segment value security
if you need to control access to
parent and detail values across
any chart of accounts segment.

Is it different from data access
set security?
Data access set security controls
access to ledgers and primary
balancing segment values only in
Fusion General Ledger. We
recommend using data access
security to secure your primary
balancing segment values, and
segment value security to secure
all other segment values.
Cross-validation rules
Do I need cross-validation
rules?
Use cross-validation rules if you
have a business need to prevent
certain segment values to be
combined with other values
across different segments of
your chart of accounts

Are they different from
segment value security?
Cross-validation rules only
prevent the creation of new
account combinations in case
the underlying segment values
violate the validation rules you
specify. Segment value security
controls the access to the values
of each chart of accounts
segment, irrespective of the
values in other segments.
11
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Chart of accounts structure instance















Chart of accounts structure















Implementation Concepts (1/9)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
12
Segments
Labels
Default value
set
Value Set
(can override)
Values
Segment
value
security
Account
combinations
Cross
validation
rules
Account
hierarchies
Primary
balancing
segment
Second
balancing
segment
Third
balancing
segment
Natural
account
segment
Intercompany
segment
Cost center
segment
Segments
Labels
Default
value set
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Implementation Concepts (2/9)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
13
Chart of accounts structure
Building block of your chart of accounts implementation, geared
towards flexibility and minimizing setup efforts
Defines the number of segments, segment sequence, labels and
default value set for each segment
Chart of accounts structure instance
Also referred to as chart of accounts
Multiple charts of accounts can share the same structure, but
each may be customized differently to fit your transactional and
reporting requirements:
Value set
Account hierarchy
Dynamic combination creation
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Implementation Concepts (3/9)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
14
Example: Chart of accounts structures and instances
Chart of accounts
structure
Corporate chart of
accounts
Company
Company
value set
Department
Department
value set
Department
Management
Hierarchy
Account
Account
value set
Account
Hierarchy
Subsidiary chart of
accounts
Company
Company
value set
Department
Department
value set
Department
Geographical
Hierarchy
Account
Account
subsidiary
value set
Account
Hierarchy
Dynamic account
creation disabled
Company
Company
value set
Department
Department
value set
Account
Account
value set
Primary
balancing
segment
Second
balancing
segment
Natural
account
segment
1
2 3
Dynamic account
creation enabled
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Implementation Concepts (4/9)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
15
Segment labels (qualifiers)
Segment labels assign special functionality to certain segments in
your chart of accounts structure
You may use up to 3 balancing segments to allow for more
granular transaction tracking and financial reporting

Segment label Usage
Primary balancing segment Required ensures that all journals are balanced for each primary
balancing segment value
Natural account segment Required mapped to an account type, a financial category and other key
transactional attributes
Second balancing segment Optional
Third balancing segment Optional
Intercompany segment Optional used in intercompany balancing. If this is a new chart of
accounts implementation, you should enable the intercompany segment.
Cost center segment Only required if accounting for certain transactions in Fusion Financials. It
is recommended that you enable the cost center segment for your chart of
accounts.
Management segment Do not use planned for a future release
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Implementation Concepts (5/9)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
16
Account hierarchies
Create account hierarchies (trees) to identify managerial, legal or
geographical relationships between your value set values
Define date-effective tree versions to reflect organizational
changes within each hierarchy over time
Publish multiple hierarchies to balances cubes to allow for
financial reporting and analysis of past, present or future data

Value set
Management
hierarchy
2010 version
2011 version
Geographical
hierarchy
2010 version
2011 version
Chart of accounts segment
Assign a specific hierarchy to
your segment to be used for
general ledger processing (e.g.
revaluations, balance transfer)
Since a segment is associated
with a value set, all published
hierarchies may be used to
perform date-effective
comparisons of financial data
2
1
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Implementation Concepts (6/9)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
17
Segment value security
Define security rules against your value sets to control access to
parent or detail segment values
Securing a value set denies access to all values by default.
Create conditions and assign them to specific data roles to
control access to your segment values


Security
condition

Cost Center
Equal to
Accounting
Data role
General
Accountant
InFusion
USA
Security
policy
associated
with the Cost
Center value
set
E
x
a
m
p
l
e

In this example, you enable
security on both the Cost
Center and Account value
sets that are associated with
your chart of accounts.
Users assigned the
General Accountant
InFusion USA data role will
have access to cost center
Accounting and account
US Revenue.
All other users will be
denied access to all cost
center and account value set
values.
Security
condition

Account
Equal to
US Revenue
Data role
General
Accountant
InFusion
USA
Security
policy
associated
with the
Account
value set
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Implementation Concepts (7/9)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
18
Segment value security (contd)
You may use any of the following operators in your conditions to
secure your segment values:

Operator Usage
Equal to Secures a specific detail value. You cannot use this operator to secure a parent
value.
Not equal to Secures all detail values except one that you specify. You cannot use this
operator to secure a parent value.
Between Secures a range of detail values.
Is descendent of Secures the parent value itself and all of its descendents, including mid-level
parents and detail values. To use this tree operator, you must specify an account
hierarchy (tree) and a tree version. However, the security rules apply across all
tree versions of the specified hierarchy, as well as all hierarchies associated with
the value set.
Is last descendent of Secures the last descendents (i.e. the detail values) of a parent value. To use this
tree operator, you must specify an account hierarchy (tree) and a tree version.
However, the security rules apply across all tree versions of the specified
hierarchy, as well as all hierarchies associated with the value set.
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Implementation Concepts (8/9)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
19
Segment value security (contd)
Security rule based on hierarchical operator
Your cost center segment has 2 account hierarchies: a management and a geographical hierarchy. You originally secure
(using the Is descendent of operator) the cost center 100 in the 2010 version of your management hierarchy, but a
change in the cost center responsibilities requires you to create a 2011 version to highlight the new parent/child
relationships. For data security purposes, the 2011 version of the management hierarchy is the currently active version.

Retrieve account
hierarchy from
security rule
Management
hierarchy/2010
version is specified
when securing parent
value 100 using the
Is descendent of
operator
Derive effective
version based on
system date
Management
hierarchy/2011
version is the
effective tree version
based on the system
date
Apply security
condition to get the
list of descendents
based on the effective
tree version
The parent value itself and
all its descendents will be
secured based on the
effective tree version. The
values are: 100, 200, 300,
101, 201, 202, 301, 302

List of values is accessible
across all versions of the
secured hierarchy, and
across all hierarchies
associated with the value set
In Management hierarchy/2010
version, 203 is denied access. All
other values can be accessed
In Geographical hierarchy,
400/401/402 are denied access.
All other values can be accessed
100
101 200
201 202 203
300
301 302
100
200
101 201 202
300
301 302
100
200
201
300
301 302
400
401 402
Management hierarchy Geographical hierarchy
2010 version 2011 version 2010 version
Access granted
Access denied
Legend
E
x
a
m
p
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e

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Implementation Concepts (9/9)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
20
Cross-validation rules
Determine what segment values may be combined with other
values across different segments of your chart of accounts
Prevent the creation of new account combinations only, in case
the underlying segment values violate the validation rules
Defined in terms of a condition filter and a validation filter
Condition filter - event under which the rule will be evaluated
Validation filter - condition that the account combination must
satisfy before it can be created
Your enterprise has determined that the Operations company value cannot
use the Marketing department. Create the following cross-validation rule
to prevent creating new account combinations that violate this requirement:
Condition filter
Segment: Company
Operator: Equal to
Value: Operations
Validation filter
Segment: Department
Operator: Not equal to
Value: Marketing
E
x
a
m
p
l
e

Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Deltas with EBS
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts


R12 EBS Fusion Added benefits
No chart of
accounts structures
Chart of accounts
structures, chart of
accounts structure
instances
The chart of accounts structure is the building
block of your setup, geared towards flexibility
and minimizing implementation efforts. Create
multiple charts of accounts (structure
instances) that share the same structure, but
customize each differently to fit your enterprise
needs.
One balancing
segment, secondary
tracking segment
Up to 3 balancing
segments
Create your chart of accounts based on up to 3
balancing segments, thus allowing more
granular transaction tracking and financial
reporting.
Segment Qualifier Segment Label N/A nomenclature change.
Compile Accounting
Flexfield
Deploy Accounting
Flexfield
N/A nomenclature change.
21
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (1/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
To streamline your chart of accounts implementation,
follow the steps below:
1. Create your value sets with no values
2. Create your chart of accounts structure and specify your
segment labels
3. Create your chart of accounts (structure instance)
4. Create your value set values and specify mandatory attributes
5. (Optional) Create and publish your account hierarchies
6. (Optional) Define segment value security rules
7. (Optional) Define cross validation rules

22
Create value
sets with no
values
Create chart of
accounts
structure
Create chart of
accounts
structure
instance
Create value
set values
Create account
hierarchies
(Optional)
Publish
account
hierarchies
(Optional)
Define
segment value
security
(Optional)
Define cross
validation rules
(Optional)
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (2/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
General implementation considerations
23
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
How do I design the
structure of my chart of
accounts?
Design the structure of your chart of accounts carefully, including
the number of segments and their sequence.
Plan ahead and anticipate the growth of your enterprise by defining
one or more future segments. Assign those segments a default
value to streamline data entry in your Flexfield components.
After you complete your accounting configuration and begin your
transaction cycle, making changes to the segments is neither
recommended nor supported.
Can I start using my
chart of accounts
immediately after
creating or updating it?
You must deploy (compile) the Accounting Flexfield every time you
create new or make structural changes to your chart of accounts and
account hierarchies, to ensure that the new changes take effect
across all applicable flows in Fusion Financials. This includes:
Creating a new chart of accounts structure, or modifying its key
attributes, or the attributes of its segments
Creating a new chart of accounts (structure instance), or modifying its
key attributes, or the attributes of its segments
Associating an account hierarchy to a chart of accounts segment
Enabling or disabling segment value security on a value set
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (3/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Value sets
24
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
What validation type
should I use?
Only Independent and Table validations are supported.
The Dependent validation type is planned for a future
release.
What value data type and
subtype should I use?
Use the Character data type and the Text subtype, which
are typical in natural account segment values. We recommend
restricting values to uppercase only and numeric values to be
zero-filled by default.
What should be the
maximum length of my
value set?
The maximum length of your value set must be limited to 25
characters due to a constraint in the account combinations
table in Fusion General Ledger. Set the maximum length to
correspond to the width of the chart of accounts segment to
which it is assigned.
Should I start defining
values immediately after
creating my value set?
Associate your value set to a chart of accounts before defining
your value set values. This ensures that the key attributes of
your values (e.g. Allow Posting, Account Type, etc.) can
be specified.
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (4/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Chart of accounts structure
25
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
When should I create my
chart of accounts
structure?
You must create your chart of accounts structure after creating
your value sets because the structure must be assigned a
default value set.
How should I define my
segment labels?

All segment labels can only be assigned once throughout
the chart of accounts structure.
The following segment labels are mandatory: Primary
Balancing Segment and Natural Account Segment. Each
must be assigned to only segment, and the assigned segment
cannot be qualified with any other segment label.
The Intercompany segment is optional; however, for new
implementations, you should use this segment and assign the
same values to both the primary balancing and intercompany
value sets to enable clear visibility of the due to and due from
relationships inherent in intercompany accounting.
The second/third balancing segments are optional, and may
be co-assigned with the cost center segment.
Do not use the management segment label. It is planned for
a future release.
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (5/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Chart of accounts structure (contd)
26
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
How do I choose my
segment display width?
We recommend that you set the display width of each of your
segments to correspond to the maximum length of the value
set to which it is assigned.
Must the segment
sequence be gapless?
The chart of accounts structure defines the number of
segments and the segment sequence for your chart of
accounts. You must use sequential numbering (beginning with
number 1) and avoid any gaps in the display order of your
segments.
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (6/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Chart of accounts
27
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
How do I define my
chart of accounts
structure instances?
The chart of accounts (structure instance) definition is based on
the chart of accounts structure it is associated with. If your
enterprise needs identical structures for different charts of
accounts, consider creating one structure and customize your
charts of accounts accordingly to fit your enterprise needs.
Should I turn on
dynamic combination
creation?
We recommend turning on the setting for dynamic combination
creation until all setup-related activities are finalized. Turn off
dynamic creation to prevent creating new account combinations
throughout the Fusion Financials pages and processes, and
only limit it to the Account Combinations UI.
How do I associate an
account hierarchy to
my segments?
For each segment, you may assign an account hierarchy (Tree
Code attribute) that will be used for general ledger processing,
as well as allocations and financial reporting.
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (7/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Chart of accounts (contd)
28
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
How do I choose my
segment attributes?
All chart of accounts segment attributes are inherited from the
chart of accounts structure. Additionally, you must ensure that
all segments be required and displayed in your chart of
accounts by turning on the Required and Displayed
attribute.

For segments that you expect to have a large number of
distinct values, you must perform the following steps:
In the chart of accounts definition, mark the segment Query
Required option as Selectively required. When performing
search in a transactional page, you will have to specify the
segment as a mandatory search criteria.
You must create indexes in the GL_CODE_COMBINATIONS table
for segments that are selectively required.
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (8/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Value set values
29
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
Should I start defining
values immediately after
creating my value set?
We recommend defining your value set values after creating
your chart of accounts. This ensures that the key attributes
(e.g. Allow Posting, Account Type) are displayed and can
be specified.
How should I set the
Summary attribute?
You must set the Summary flag to No for a detail value, and
to Yes for a parent value. Changing the summary flag
attribute after completing your accounting configuration (ledger
setup) is neither recommended nor supported.
How should I set the
Allow Posting attribute?
You must this attribute to Yes for a detail value, and to No
for a parent value. An exception to this rule is the natural
account value for the net income account in Fusion General
Ledger, for which you must set this flag to No.
How should I set the
Allow Budgeting
attribute?
This flag is not used directly in this release, but we recommend
setting it to No for detail values, and to Yes for parent
values.
When do I use a
Financial Category?
If you plan to use OTBI reporting, you must specify a financial
category for your natural account values.
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (9/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Value set values (contd)
30
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
I completed my
accounting
configuration. Is it OK to
create new or modify
existing value set
values?
If you create new value set values after your accounting
configuration (ledger setup) is complete, you must manually
run the following processes:
Maintain Value Sets updates value set values in Fusion
General Ledger tables.
Publish Chart of Accounts Dimension Members
publishes chart of accounts dimension member changes to
balances cubes associated with the value sets chart(s) of
accounts.

If you modify your segment value attributes (e.g. Start Date,
End Date, Allow Posting, Account Type, etc.), and want
the associated account combinations to inherit them, you must
manually run the Inherit Segment Value Attributes process .
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (10/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Account hierarchies
31
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
How do I create a new
account hierarchy?
You must implement all your account hierarchies (trees) based on the
seeded Accounting Flexfield Hierarchy tree structure.
When specifying the data source for your hierarchy, you must specify
the same value set code for both parent and detail values.
You must save your data source parameters before proceeding to the
next screen in your account hierarchy definition.
How do I define tree
versions for my
hierarchy?
Define date-effective tree versions for your account hierarchies to
reflect organizational changes over time. The effective dates for your tree
versions must not overlap.
Before using your tree version, you must perform an online audit to
validate your version for any structural or functional errors.
To activate your tree version and ready it for use, set its status to
Active. You can only transact with and report on active versions.
Do I need to publish my
account hierarchies?
You must publish your account hierarchies to cubes if you plan to use
them for allocations and financial reporting. Otherwise, they will only be
available for transactional flows. If you have not finalized your accounting
configuration, you can mark your hierarchies for publishing and they will
be picked up when your ledger setup is complete.
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices (11/11)
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Account hierarchies (contd)
32
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
How do I ensure that
new hierarchies or
updates to existing ones
go into effect?
When you create new account hierarchies, or make changes to
existing hierarchies, you must manually run the following processes:
Column Flattening and Row Flattening run these online
processes on a specific tree version to flatten the parent/detail value
relationships in your tree version and ready it for your transactional
and reporting flows.
Maintain Value Sets updates value set values in Fusion General
Ledger tables.
Maintain Chart of Accounts Hierarchies updates chart of
accounts hierarchies in Fusion General Ledger tables.
Publish Chart of Accounts Dimension Members publishes
chart of accounts dimension member and hierarchy changes to
balances cubes associated with the value sets chart(s) of accounts.
Can I delete an account
hierarchy?
You must decommission (unpublish) a tree version from your
balances cubes before deleting it (or deleting its associated
hierarchy), otherwise you will no longer be able to remove it from
your cube outlines.
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Relevant Setup Tasks
Financial reporting structures Charts of accounts
Under the Financials offering locate the Define Chart of Accounts
task grouping and navigate to the tasks needed to successfully
bring your chart of accounts implementation into completion
Define Common Applications Configuration for Financials
Define Enterprise Structures for Financials
Define Financial Reporting Structures
Define Chart of Accounts
Manage Charts of Accounts
Manage Chart of Accounts Value Sets
Manage Account Hierarchies
Publish Account Hierarchies
Manage Account Combinations
Manage Segment Value Security Rules
Manage Cross-Validation Rules
Manage Chart of Accounts Mappings
(1)
Manage Chart of Accounts Synchronization with DRM

Maintain Segment Value Attributes
(2)



33
(1) Covered in the Oracle Fusion General Ledger Implementation and Configuration Considerations implementation training
(2) Navigate to this task to run the Inherit Segment Value Attributes process
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Calendars
Financial reporting structures
34
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Feature Summary
Financial reporting structures Calendars


Create your accounting calendars to record your
transactions into accounting periods and monitor the
close cycle across your entire enterprise
Create your transaction calendars to track your
business and non-business days for average balance
processing


35
Create your calendars to record and track your transactions by
accounting periods and business days
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Implementation Concepts (1/3)
Financial reporting structures Calendars
36
Accounting Calendars
Generate your accounting periods automatically by specifying
your calendar attributes from a pool of commonly used
standard/adjusting period frequencies, and other key parameters







If your organization uses a custom type of calendar that does not
fit any of the seeded frequencies, then you must use the Other
period frequency, and manually define the period start/end dates

Period frequency
Weekly
4/4/5
4/5/4
5/4/4
4 Week
Monthly
Quarterly
Yearly
Other
Adjusting period frequency
None
1 year end
1 year beginning and 1 year end
1 mid year and 1 year end
2 year end
1 mid year and 2 year end
Quarterly
Other
Automatically
generate
accounting
periods
Start date
Period
Frequency
Adjusting
period
frequency
Period name
format
User-defined prefix
Separator
Period format
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Implementation Concepts (2/3)
Financial reporting structures Calendars
37
Accounting Calendars (contd)
Creating the calendar initially generates 1 year worth of periods
If needed, customize the generated period names/dates while abiding
by the basic validation rules:
The period names must be unique
The period numbers must be unique within a year
The standard period dates must not overlap
There must be no gaps between the standard period dates or numbers
An adjusting period date range must overlap with that of a standard period
Generate additional years using the same parameters that you
initially specified to create your calendar




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Implementation Concepts (3/3)
Financial reporting structures Calendars
38
Transaction Calendars
Implement transaction calendars only if your enterprise requires
ledgers with average balance processing
Generate your transaction dates automatically by specifying the
business day schedule.
Customize the generated dates to account for holidays or non-
business days specific to your enterprise
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Deltas with EBS
Financial reporting structures Calendars


R12 EBS Fusion Added benefits
Manual definition
of accounting
periods
Automatic generation
of accounting periods
The implementation of accounting calendars
has been streamlined in Fusion Financials to
allow the system to automatically generate the
accounting periods for commonly used
standard/adjusting period frequencies. This
allows you to save the time and effort of
defining periods manually, and avoid erroneous
data entries. If your enterprise uses a custom
calendar, you must define the period details
manually.
Period type Not applicable The EBS Period Type concept is no longer
exposed in the Fusion Financials screens. You
must create a new accounting calendar for
different period types (frequencies), and this
creation process has greatly been improved to
allow the automatic generation of accounting
periods.
39
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices
Financial reporting structures Calendars
Accounting Calendars
40
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
What is the difference
between calendar year
and fiscal year formats?
This impacts what year to append when generating the period
names for your accounting calendar:
Select the calendar year format to append the year of the periods
start date to the period name.
Select the fiscal year format to append the year associated with
the period, regardless of its date range, to the period name.
I plan to run the
translation process in
Fusion General Ledger.
How does this impact my
accounting calendar
implementation?
If you plan to run the translation process for any ledger associated
with your accounting calendar, keep in mind the following rule: You
cannot run translation for the first period of an accounting
calendar. In the current release of Fusion General Ledger, we do
not allow to create a calendar year with a fewer number of periods
than what the period frequency dictates. Therefore, we recommend
that you add a full extra year in your accounting calendar before
the first opened period of any ledger using this calendar. For
example, if you plan to start transacting in Jan-11, and intend to run
translation for that same Jan-11 period, start your calendar in Jan-
10 (2010 year), add the 2011 year to your calendar, and then
assign this calendar to your ledger with Jan-11 as the first opened
period.
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Relevant Setup Tasks
Financial reporting structures Calendars
Under the Financials offering locate the Define Calendars task
grouping and navigate to the tasks needed to successfully bring
your calendars implementation into completion
Define Common Applications Configuration for Financials
Define Enterprise Structures for Financials
Define Financial Reporting Structures
Define Calendars
Manage Accounting Calendars
Manage Transaction Calendars


41
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Currencies
Financial reporting structures
42
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Feature Summary
Financial reporting structures Currencies


Enable predefined currencies or create new currencies
to use across your financial applications
Maintain your conversion rate types to categorize the
relationships between your currencies and daily rates
Define daily rates between your currencies to record
transactions or run processes involving multiple
currencies



43
Maintain your currencies and define daily rates to record and run
cross-currency transactions and accounting processes
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Implementation Concepts (1/3)
Financial reporting structures Currencies
44
Currencies
All ISO currencies are predefined; you must enable the
currencies you need for your financial transactions and processes
The STAT currency is also predefined and should be used for
statistical data entry
If needed, you can define new currencies and customize them to
fit your enterprise transactional requirements

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Implementation Concepts (2/3)
Financial reporting structures Currencies
45
Conversion rate types
Categorize the relationships between your currencies and daily
rates using different conversion rate types
The rate types below are predefined in Fusion General Ledger,
but you can define new rate types to fit your business needs




Enable cross rates if you want the system to automatically derive
the daily rates for each pair of currencies in a set consisting of a
pivot currency and one or more contra currencies
Select a default conversion rate type to be used to derive the
default daily rate in a foreign currency transaction

Rate Type Description
Corporate Generally used for standard market rates throughout your organization
Spot Generally used to perform conversion based on the rate on a specific date
EMU Fixed Used to define rates between the EUR currency and the national EMU currencies
User The daily rates for the User rate type will be provided during data entry
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Implementation Concepts (3/3)
Financial reporting structures Currencies
46
Daily Rates
A daily rate defines the exchange rate relationship between 2
currencies, using a specific conversion rate type and on particular
conversion date






Daily rates are shared across all ledgers in Fusion General Ledger
Subledger applications share the same daily rates with the general
ledger, but different rate types provide each subledger the ability
to convert transactions at different rates
Daily
rate
From
currency
To currency
Conversion
rate type
Conversion
date
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Best Practices
Financial reporting structures Currencies
Daily rates

47
Implementation question Recommendations and best practices
How do I create daily
rates?
Use the ADFdi spreadsheet to create, update or delete daily
rates. You may also use the user interface to update or delete
existing daily rates.
Alternatively, your enterprise may decide to use its own
processing mechanism to upload rates directly to the daily
rates interface table. Run the Import and Calculate Daily
Rates process to import your rates into the daily rates table
and ready them for use.
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Relevant Setup Tasks
Financial reporting structures Currencies
Under the Financials offering locate the Define Currencies task
grouping and navigate to the tasks needed to successfully bring
your currencies implementation into completion
Define Common Applications Configuration for Financials
Define Enterprise Structures for Financials
Define Financial Reporting Structures
Define Currencies
Manage Currencies
Manage Conversion Rate Types
Manage Daily Rates


48
Copyright 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Proprietary and Confidential.
Additional Resources
Oracle Fusion Enterprise Structures Implementation and
Configuration Considerations
Oracle Fusion Financials Enterprise Structures
Implementation and Configuration Considerations Part 2
Oracle Fusion General Ledger Implementation and
Configuration Considerations
49