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Analysis of

Roll No. 13 to 20
M.B.A.(P.T.) 1st Semester
International Trade
 Historical importance.

 Mutually benefit the countries.

 Opportunity for individual company.

 Source of economic revenue.

 Economic, social & political importance.

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Factors Affecting
International Trade
 Political environment

 Foreign Currency

 Taxes & quotas

 Cultural environment

 Geography

 Trade organizations & agreements

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Impact on International
Trade
 Industrialization.

 Globalization.

 Multi National corporations.

 Advanced transportation.

 Technology & Internet.

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India’s International
Trade
 Sluggish growth after independence.

 1991- Economic liberalization policy.

 Prominence of Indian Economy in the


global market

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India’s International
Trade
 Help attract foreign investment.

 Cordial international relations.

 Political & social enviornment.

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Growth of India’s
International Trade

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India’s Trading Partners

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India’s Trade Basket

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India’s International Trade:
2008-09
 Exports in August 2008- US$ 16.0 billion- growth of
26.9% (18.2% previous year).

 Imports in August 2008- US$ 29.9 billion- increase


of 51.2% (34.2% previous year).

 POL imports during April-August 2008-


US$ 46.1 billion- growth of 60% (17.9% previous
year).

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India’s International Trade:
2008-09
Items 2007-08 2008-09P
Exports 60.1 81.3
(19.3) (35.3)
Oil Exports* 4.7 9.0
(6.2) (91.5)
Non-Oil Exports* 26.0 39.1
(5.5) (50.3)
Imports 94.6 130.5
(34.2) (38.0)
Oil Imports 28.8 46.1
(17.9) (60.0)
Non-Oil Imports 65.8 84.5
(42.7) (28.3)
Trade Balance -34.6 -49.3
Oil Trade Balance* -12.3 -20.5
Non-Oil Trade Balance* -13.5 -9.0
* : Figures pertain to April-June
P: Provisional
Note : All figures in US$ billion. Figures in parentheses show percentage change over the previous year.
Source : DGCI & S

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Source: DGFT, Annual Report 2007-08

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India’s Export: 2008-09
(Percentage Shares)
Commodity Group 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
Primary products 15.6 17 16.2
1. Agriculture and
allied products 10.0 11.4 11.4
2. Ores and minerals 5.5 5.7 4.8

Manufactured goods 67.2 63.6 58.3


1. Leather and
manufactures 2.4 2.2 1.8
2. Chemicals and
related products 13.7 12.9 11.4
3. Engineering goods 23.4 23.1 24.1
4. Textile and textile
products 13.7 12.0 10.4
5. Gems and jewellery 12.6 12.4 9.7
Petroleum products 14.8 15.6 18.7
Others 2.4 3.8 6.8
Total exports 100.0 100.0 100.0
Source: Compiled from DGCI & S data.
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India’s Import: 2008-09

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India’s Import: 2008-09

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Services Trade
 Services trade shares about 9% of GDP.

 Services export growing much faster than world services


exports; In 2000-2006-
India: 38.22%, World: 12.84%.

 Services trade contributes about 2.64% of world services


trade.

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Services Trade

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Services Trade

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Services Export

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Services Import

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Conclusion
 Significant contribution to growth of economy.

 Creation of foreign currency pool.

 Local factors- political interests, culture &


values

 Oil imports & unstable oil prices- negative trade


balance.

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Inputs
&?!

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