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# SUSIANA (120210102020)(5)

## PRETY ENGESTIANA (120210102058)(17)

RAFIDATUL ANISA (120210102064)(20)
SISCAWATI RIZKI L. (120210102085)(23)
TRANSFORMASI
INTEGRAL
Dengan integrasi ini, suatu fungsi yang semula merupakan fungsi t
akan berubah menjadi fungsi s, dimana
Transformasi ini akan mengubah fungsi waktu f(t) ke fungsi kompleks
F(s)
Transformasi Laplace sebuah fungsi waktu didenisikan
sebagai :

dt e t f s F t f
st

}
= = . ) ( ) ( )] ( [
0
L
e o j s + =
)] ( [ t f L
Carilah transformasi laplace dari
sebuah fungsi waktu, jika f(t)=1
Diket : f(t)=1
Ditanya : L[f(t)]
Jawab :

s
s F t f
s
s F t f
e
s
e
s
s F t f
e
s
s F t f
dt e s F t f
dt t f e s F t f
st
st
st
1
) ( )] ( [
1
0 ) ( )] ( [
1 1
) ( )] ( [
1
) ( )] ( [
1 ) ( )] ( [
) ( ) ( )] ( [
0
0
0
0
= =
+ = =
|
.
|

\
|
= =
= =
= =
= =

}
}
L
L
L
L
L
L
Carilah transformasi laplace dari fungsi-fungsi berikut :
1. Jika
2. Jika
3. Jika
at
e t f = ) (
at
e t f

= ) (
t i
e t f
e
= ) (
1.

at
e t f = ) (
a s
s F t f
a s
e
a s
e
a s
s F t f
e
a s
dt e dt e e s F t f
dt t f e s F t f
a s a s
t a s t a s at st
st

= =

+ =
|
.
|

\
|

= =

= = = =
= =

} }
}
1
) ( )] ( [
1 .
1
0
1 1
) ( )] ( [
1
) ( )] ( [
) ( ) ( )] ( [
0 ) ( ) (
0
) (
0
) (
0
0
L
L
L
L
2.

at
e t f

= ) (
a s
s F t f
a s
e
a s
e
a s
s F t f
e
a s
dt e dt e e s F t f
dt t f e s F t f
a s a s
t a s t a s at st
st
+
= =
+
+ =
|
.
|

\
|
+

+
= =
+
= = = =
= =
+ +

} }
}
1
) ( )] ( [
1 .
1
0
1 1
) ( )] ( [
1
) ( )] ( [
) ( ) ( )] ( [
0 ) ( ) (
0
) (
0
) (
0
0
L
L
L
L
3.
t i
e t f
e
= ) (
e
e e e
e e
e
e e
e e e
i s
s F t f
i s
e
i s
e
i s
s F t f
e
i s
e
i s
s F t f
e
i s
dt e dt e e s F t f
dt t f e s F t f
i s i s
t i s t i s t i st
st

= =

+ =

= =
|
.
|

\
|

= =

= = = =
= =

} }
}
1
) ( )] ( [
1 .
1
0
1 1
) ( )] ( [
1 1
) ( )] ( [
1
) ( )] ( [
) ( ) ( )] ( [
0
0 ) ( ) (
0
) (
0
) (
0
0
L
L
L
L
L
Carilah transformasi laplace dari
Jawab :
Berdasarkan hubungan Euler
Maka :

t t f e cos ) ( =
) sin (cos
.
b i b e e
e e e
a ib a
ib a ib a
+ =
=
+
+
b
ib
e
ib
e
b i b
ib
e
b i b
ib
e
cos 2
sin cos
sin cos
=

+
+
=

+ =
2
cos
2
cos
t i
e
t i
e
t maka
ib
e
ib
e
b
e e
e

+
=

+
=
| |
(

=
(

+
+
(

=
(

+
(

=
(

+
(

=
(

+
(

=
+ =

} }
} }
} }
0 ) ( ) (
0
) (
0
) (
0
) (
0
) (
0 0
0 0
) (
1
) (
1
2
1
] [cos
) (
1
) (
1
2
1
] [cos
2
1
] [cos
2
1
] [cos
2
1
] [cos
) ( ) (
2
1
] [cos
s i s i
t i s t s i
t i s t s i
t i st t i st
t i st t i st
t i t i
e
s i
e
s i
t
e
i s
e
s i
t
dt e dt e t
dt e dt e t
dt e e dt e e t
e e t
e e
e e
e e
e e
e e
e e
e e
e
e e
e
e
e
e
e
L
L
L
L
L
L L L
(

)
`

+

+
+
+ + 0 ) ( ) (
) (
1
) (
1
e e
e e
i s i s
e
i s
e
i s
Lanjutan
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
) (
2
2
1
] [cos
) 1 (
2
2
1 2
2
1 2
2
1
] [cos
) )( (
) ( ) (
2
1 1 1
2
1
] [cos
1
0
1
0
2
1
] [cos
e e
e
e e e e e
e
e e
e e
e e
e
e e
e
+
=
)
`

+

=
)
`

=
)
`

=
)
`

+

=
)
`

+
+ +
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
+

=
)
`

|
.
|

\
|
+
+ +
|
.
|

\
|

=
s
s
s
s
t
s
s
s i
s
s i s i s i
s
t
i s s i
s i i s
i s s i
t
i s s i
t
L
L
L
L
Sifat sifat
transformasi
Laplace
Sifat linear
integrasi
diferensiasi translasi
Pen-
skalaan
| |
| | | | g b f a t bg t af
dt t g e b dt t f e a t bg t af
dt t bg e dt t af e t bg t af
dt t bg t af e t bg t af
st st
st st
st
L L L
L
L
L
+ = +
+ = +
+ = +
+ = +
} }
} }
}

)] ( ) ( [
) ( ) ( )] ( ) ( [
) ( ) ( )] ( ) ( [
) ( ) ( )] ( ) ( [
0 0
0 0
0
Carilah transformasi laplace dari
Jawab:

) 3 1 ( ) (
2t
e t f

+ =
| |
| | | | | |
| |
| |
| |
| |
2
3 1
3 1
2
1
0 3
1
0 3 1
2
1
2
1
3
1 1
3 1
2
1
3
1
3
1
3 1
. 3 1 . 3 1 3 1
) ( ) (
2
2
0 0 2
0
) 2 (
0
0
) 2 (
0
2
0
2
0
2 2
0
+
+ = +
|
.
|

\
|
+
+ + + = +
(

|
.
|

\
|
+

+
+
|
.
|

\
|
= +
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+ = + = +
+ = + = +
= =

}
} }
}
s s
e
s s
e
e
s
e
s
e
s
e
s
e
e
s
e
s
dt e e
s
e
dt e e dt e e e
dt t f e s F f
t
t
t
s t st s t st t
t st
st
t t
st
L
L
L
L
L L L
L
Transformasi laplace dari suatu fungsi dapat dilihat sebagai berikut:

Jika

Tranformasi laplace dari integrasi suatu fungsi diatas adalah :
Dengan mengingat

}
=
t
maka dx x f t f
0
1
. ) ( ) (
}

}
=
} }
+ =
+ =
' ' ,
' '
) (
vu uv uv maka
vu uv uv
vdu udv uv d
) (
) (
1
0
1
x f du
dx x f u
misal
t
=
=
}
s
e
e
s
v
dt e dv
st
st
st

= =
=
1
}

= =
0
) ( ) ( ) ( [ dt e t f s F t f
st
L
Maka

s
s F
s F t f
dx x f e
s
s F t f
dx x f
s
e
e
s
dx x f e
s
dx x f s F t f
dx x f
s
e
e
s
dx x f s F t f
dt e dx x f dt e t f s F t f
st
st
st
st
t
st
t
st
) (
) ( )] ( [
) (
1
0 0 ) ( )] ( [
) (
1
. ) (
1
. ) ( ) ( )] ( [
) (
1
. ) ( ) ( )] ( [
) ( ) ( ) ( )] ( [
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0 0 0
1
= =
+ = =

= =
= =
(

= = =
}
} } }
} }
} } }

L
L
L
L
L
Transformasi laplace dari suatu diferensiasi dapat dilihat sebagai
berikut:
Jika maka transformasi laplacenya adalah :

Dengan mengingat
dt
t df
t f
) (
) (
1
=
| |
} }

= = =
0
1
0
) (
) ( ) ( ) ( dt e
dt
t df
dt e t f s t f
st st
F L
}

}
=
} }
+ =
+ =
' ' ,
' '
) (
vu uv uv maka
vu uv uv
vdu udv uv d
dt
t df
du
t f u
misal
) (
) (
1
1
=
=
s
e
e
s
v
dt e dv
st
st
st

= =
=
1
Maka dapat diselesaikan
| | }

= }

= =
0
) (
1
0
) ( ) ( ) ( dt
st
e
dt
t df
dt
st
e t f s F t f L
) 0 ( ) (
) (
) (
) 0 ( ). (
) (
) 0 (
1
) (
) ( 1 ) 0 (
0 ) (
) ( 1
). 0 ( ). ( ) (
) (
. ). ( ) (
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1 1
0
1
0
1 1
0
1
0
1
f s s
dt
t df
dt
t df
f s s F
dt
t df
f
s
s F
dt
dt
t df
e
s s
f
s F
dt
dt
t df
e
s s
e
f
s
e
f s F
dt
dt
t df
s
e
s
e
t f s F
st
st
st st
=
(

+ =
)
`

+ =
+ + =

(

=
=
}
}
}

F L
L
L

Untuk turunan yang lebih tinggi :
Jika

Jika
) 0 ( ) (
) (
f s s
dt
t df
=
(

F L
) 0 ( ' ) 0 ( ) ( ) (
) (
) (
1 1 1
2
2
f sf s s s
dt
t f d
t f = = F F
) 0 ( " ) 0 ( ' ) 0 ( ) ( ) (
) (
) (
1 1 1
2
1
3
3
1
3
f sf f s s s s
d
t f d
t f = = F F
Jika suatu fungsi f(t) mengalami pergeseran sebesar a ke arah sumbu -t
positif, maka persamaan fungsinya akan berubah menjadi
Maka transformasi laplace dari fungsi yang tergeser adalah

Dengan mengganti peubah integrasinya dari t menjadi
Maka didapat :

) ( a t f
| |
}

=
0
dt a)e f (t a) f (t
st
L
t
dt d
dt d
a t
=
=
=
t
t
t
0
) (
a t + =t
Maka persamaan diatas dapat diubah menjadi :

) ( )] ( [
) ( )] ( [
) ( )] ( [
) ( )] ( [
0
0
0
) (
s F e a t f
d e f e a t f
d e e f a t f
d e f a t f
as
s as
sa s
a s

+
=
=
=
=
}
}
}
L
L
L
L
t t
t t
t t
t
t
t
Jika suatu fungsi dalam skala yang lebih besar f(at), maka transformasi
dengan mengganti

at
=
=
t
t
|
.
|

\
|
= =
= =

}
} }
a
s F
a
d e f
a
at f
a
d
e f dt e at f at f
a
s
a
s
st
) ( 1
) (
1
)] ( [
) ( ) ( )] ( [
0
0 0
t t
t
t
t
t
L
L
t
t
a
s
st
a
d
dt
=
=
1

) (t f
)] ( [ ) ( t f s F L =
t
at
e
at
te
t e sin
s
1
2
1
s
a s
1
2
) (
1
a s
2 2
e
e
+ s
t e cos
2 2
e + s
s
) (t f
)] ( [ ) ( t f s F L =
at sinh
2 2
a s
a

at cosh
n
t
1
!
+ n
s
n
2 2
a s
s

at n
e t 1
) (
1
+

n
a s
) (t o
1
1. Buktikan bahwa transformasi laplace dari
2. Dengan menggunakan tabel transformasi laplace, Tentukan transformasi
laplace dari
2 2
] [sin
e
e
e
+
=
s
t L
t t t f 3 cos 5 3 sin 2 ) ( + =
1. Berdasarkan hubungan euler
b i
ib
e
ib
e
b i b
ib
e
b i b
ib
e
sin 2
sin cos
sin cos
=

+ =
) sin (cos
.
b i b
a
e
ib a
e
ib
e
a
e
ib a
e
+ =
+
=
+
) (
2
1
2
sin
2
sin
t i
e
t i
e
i
i
t i
e
t i
e
t maka
i
ib
e
ib
e
b
e e
e e
e

=
( ) { } ( )
2 2
0 0
0
) (
0
) (
0 0
) ( ) (
0
) ( ) (
0
0 0
0
2
2
1
] [sin
) ( ) (
) )( (
2
1
] [sin
1 1
2
1
] [sin
1 1 1 1
2
1
] [sin
1 1
2
1
2
1
] [sin
2
1
) . ( .
2
1
] [sin
) (
2
1
. sin ] [sin
) ( )] ( [
e
e
e
e e
e e
e
e e
e
e e e e
e
e e
e
e
e e
e e e e
e e e e
e e
+
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
+
=
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
(

|
.
|

\
|
+
+
+

|
.
|

\
|

=
(
(

|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
(

=
= =
= =
=

+ +

} }
} }
} }
}
s
i
i
t
i s i s
i s i s
i
t
i s i s i
t
e
i s
e
i s
e
i s
e
i s i
t
e
i s
e
i s i
dt e dt e
i
t
dt e e
i
dt e e e e
i
t
dt e e e
i
dt e t t
dt e t f t f
t i s t i s t i s t i s
t s i t s i st t i st t i
st t i t i st
st
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
2.
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
9
5 6
3 cos 5 3 sin 2 )] ( [
9
5
9
6
3 cos 5 3 sin 2 )] ( [
3
5
3
3
2 3 cos 5 3 sin 2 )] ( [
5 2 3 cos 5 3 sin 2 )] ( [
] 3 [cos 5 ] 3 [sin 2 3 cos 5 3 sin 2 )] ( [
] [cos
] [sin
3 cos 5 3 sin 2 ) (
2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2
+
+
= + =
+
+
+
= + =
+
+
+
= + =
+
+
+
= + =
+ = + =
+
=
+
=
+ =
s
s
t t t f
s
s
s
t t t f
s
s
s
t t t f
s
s
s
t t t f
t t t t t f
s
s
t
s
t
t t t f
L L
L L
L L
L L
L L L L
L
L
e e
e
e
e
e
e
e
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
1
4
] 4 [
]
4
1
[ ] 4 [
) 0 ( )]} ( [ { ] 4 [
) 0 ( ) ( )] ( [
4
0 . 4 4
4 4
+
=
+

=
(

+
+

+
=
(

+
=

+
=
=
=

s s s
s
s
s
s
s
e
e
s
s e
f e s e
f s sF t f
dt
d
t
t
t t
L
L
L L
L
Untuk merepresentasikan sinyal aperodik
(dipandang sebagai sinyal periodik
dengan periode tak hingga).
Metode untuk mengubah gelombang
frekuensi
( ) ) (
}

= dt e t f F
t je
e
Deret Fourier Eksponensial Transformasi Fourier
Deret Eksponensial
t jn
T
T
t jn
t jn
T
T
t jn
e dt e t f t f
e dt e t f
T
t f
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
. . ) (
2
1
) (
. ) (
1
) (
0
2
2
2
2
0
e e
e e
e
t

}

|
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
0
0
2
dimana
T
t
e =
dt e t f F
d e F d e dt e t f t f
t j
t j t j t j
}
} } }

=
=
)
`

e
e e e
e
e e
t
e
t
) ( ) (
) (
2
1
) (
2
1
) (
0
T
e e e d A sehingga kecil semakin maka diperbesar T
0 0
SEHINGGA DIDAPAT :
{ }
{ } ) ( ) ( ) (
) ( ) (
2
1
) (
1
t f F dt e t f F
F F d e F t f
t j
t j
= =
= =
}
}

e
e
e
e e e
t
Diketahui grafik fungsi f(t) sebagai berikut, hitunglah
transformasi Fourier dari F():
5
0 -1
1
f(t)
( )
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e e
e
e
e
sin 10
) (
sin 10
) (
sin 2
5
) (
5 ) (
5 ) (
5 ) (
) ( ) (
1 1
1
1
1
1
=
=

=
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
=
=
=

}
}
}
F
j
j
F
j
j
F
j
e e
F
dt e F
dt e F
e t f F
j j
t j
t j
t j
1. KELINIERAN
| | | |
| | ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( : maka
) ( ) ( dan ) ( ) ( : jika
2 1 2 1
2 2 1 1
e e
e e
BF AF t Bf t Af F
F t f F F t f F
+ = +
= =
2. PEMBALIKAN
| | ( ) | |
| | | | ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
:
) ( ) ( maka ) ( jika
e t t t
e e
et
= = =
= =

}
F d e f f F t f F
bukti
F t f F F t f F
j
t = t - dimana
3. SIMETRIS
| | ( ) | |
e e t
e
e e t
e e t
e t e
e
e
e
d e t F f
d e F t f
d e F t f
f F t f F
t j
t j
t j
}
}
}

=
=
=
= =
) ( ) ( 2
: maka kan dipertukar dan t jika
) ( ) ( 2
) ( ) ( 2
balik) asi (transform : bukti
) ( 2 f(t) F maka ) ( jika
4. PERGESERAN
WAKTU
| | ( ) | |
| |
) (
) (
) ( ) (
:
) ( T) - f(t F maka ) ( jika
) (
e
e e
e
e e
e
e
F e
da e a f e
dt e T t f T t f F
bukti
F e F t f F
T j
a j T j
a T j
T j

=
=
=
= =
}
}
a T t
dt da
T t a misal
+ =
=
= :
5. PERGESERAN
FREKUENSI
| | | |
) (
) (
) (
) ( ) (
:
) ( ) ( maka ) ( ) ( jika
) (
) (
1 1
t f e
da e a F
d e F
d e F t f
bukti
t f e F F t f F F
t j
a jt
t a j
t j
t j
|
|
|
e
|
e | e
e e
| e e
=
=
=
=
= =
+

}
}
}
a
dw da
a
+ =
=
=
| e
| e
: dimana
6.
PENSKALAAN
| | ( ) | |
| | ( )
| | ( )
( )
) (
1

) (
) (
:
) (
1
f(at) F maka ) ( jika
a
j -
a
j -
a
F
a
a
d
f
dt f at f F
F t f F
bukti
a
F
a
F t f F
e
t
t
t
e
e
e
t
e
t
e
=
=
=
=
= =
}
}

a
d
dt
a
t
at
t
t
t
=
=
=
: dimana
t j t e
t j
e e
e
sin cos =

## Diperoleh hasil sebagai berikut:

1. Transformasi fourier sinus
2. Transformasi fourier cosinus

Dari teorema integral Fourier disebutkan bahwa,
jika f (t) ganjil atau genap, maka g(e) juga ganjil
atau genap. Dengan menyisipkan :
Jika f(t) adalah sebuah fungsi ganjil, dimana
fs adalah pasangan transformasi dari gs
maka berlaku:
}
}

=
=
0
0
sin ) (
2
) (
) )(sin (
2
) (
tdt t f g
d t g t f
s s
s s
e
t
e
e e e
t
TRANSFORMASI FOURIER SINUS
Jika f (x) adalah sebuah fungsi genap, dimana fs
adalah pasangan transformasi dari gs maka
berlaku:
tdt t f g
td g t f
c c
c c
e
t
e
e e e
t
cos ) (
2
) (
cos ) (
2
) (
0
0
}
}

=
=
TRANSFORMASI FOURIER COSINUS
Carilah Transformasi Fourier cosinus dari :
t
t
< <
>
=
x
x
c
x f
0 1
0
{
) (
0 , sin )
1
(
2
)] 0 )[(sin
1
(
2
)] 0 sin )[(sin
1
(
2
sin )
1
(
2
cos 1
2
cos ) (
2
) (

|
0
0
0
= =
=
=
=
=
=
}
}

e te
e t
te
e t
te
e t
e
e t
e
t
e
t
e
t
t
t
tdt
tdt t f g
c c
1. Diketahui grafik fungsi f(t) sebagai berikut,
hitunglah transformasi Fourier dari F():
5/4
0 -1
1
f(t)
t
t
< <
>
=
x
x
c
x f
0 1
0
{
) (
2. Carilah Transformasi Fourier sinus dari :
3. Carilah fs (t)bila diketahui :
}

=
0
2
1
0
sin ) ( tdt t f
s
e
2
2 1
1 0
>
< s
< s
e
e
e
( )
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e e
e
e
e
2
sin 5
) (
2
sin 5
) (
sin 2
4
5
) (
4
5
) (
4
5
) (
4
5
) (
) ( ) ( 1.
1 1
1
1
1
1
=
=

=
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
=
=
=

}
}
}
F
j
j
F
j
j
F
j
e e
F
dt e F
dt e F
e t f F
j j
t j
t j
t j
) cos 1 )(
1
(
2
) 1 )[(cos
1
(
2
)] 0 cos )[(cos
1
(
2
cos )
1
(
2
sin 1
2
sin ) (
2
) ( 2.
|
0
0
0
te
e t
te
e t
te
e t
e
e t
e
t
e
t
e
t
t
=
=
=
=
=
=
}
}

t
tdt
tdt t f g
s s
3. Ruas kanan dan kiri dikalikan dengan
agar diperoleh gs (e):
t
2
}

=
0
2
2
2
1
2
0
sin ) (
2
t
t
t
e
t
tdt t f
s
2
2 1
1 0
>
< s
< s
e
e
e
= ) (e
s
g

t
t
t
2
2
2
1
2
0
2
2 1
1 0
>
< s
< s
e
e
e
) 2 cos 2 cos 1 (
2
) 2 cos 2 cos 2 cos 1 (
2
) cos 2 (cos
4
) 1 (cos
2
) cos 2 (cos
4
) 0 cos (cos
2
) cos
2
(
2
) cos
1
(
2
sin
2
2
2
sin
2 2
sin ) (
2
) (
| |
2
1
1
0
2
1
1
0
0
t t
t
t t t
t
t t
t
t
t
t t
t
t
t
t
t
t
t
td td
td g t f
s s
+ =
+ =
=
=
+ =
+ =
=
} }
}

t
t
t t
t t
e
t
e
t
e e
t t
e e
t t
e e e
t
Oleh
Prety Engestiana
120210102058
17
Merupakan salah satu sifat transformasi yang
digunakan untuk mencari fungsi f(t) dari
perkalian fungsi-fungsi F(s).
Bentuk persamaan umum konvolusi, yaitu:

( ) ) ( ) ( ) (
2 1
0
2 1
s F s F d f t f
t
- =
}
t t t
Misalnya diketahui fungsi dan
Kemudian di transformasikan ke fungsi t, menjadi

Variabel t diganti dan , menjadi:

Dimisalkan + =t, diperoleh =t- dan d=dt,
ketika =0, maka t= ; ketika = ,maka t= ,
shg
) (
1
s F
) (
2
s F

dt t f e dt t f e s F s F
st st
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
2
0
1
0
2 1
} }

=

t t o o
t o
d f e d f e s F s F
s s
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
2
0
1
0
2 1
} }

=

} }

+
=
0 0
2 1
) (
2 1
) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( t o t o
t o
d d f f e s F s F
s

} }

=
0
2 1 2 1
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
t t
t t t
t
st
d dt f t f e s F s F
dt d f t f e s F s F
t
t
st
} }

= =

=
0
2 1
0
2 1
) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( t t t
t
} }

=
0
2 1 2 1
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
t t
t t t
t
st
d dt f t f e s F s F

dapat diketahui bahwa integral berikut adalah
konvolusi.[note:variabel dapat disesuaikan dgn
soal]

( )
( )
(

=
(

=
=
}
} }
} }

= =

t t t
t t t
t t t
t
d f t f L s F s F
dt d f t f e s F s F
dt d f t f e s F s F
t
t
st
t
t
st
0
2 1 2 1
0 0
2 1 2 1
0
2 1
0
2 1
) ( ) ( ) (
) ( ) ( ) (
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
( ) ) ( ) ( ) (
2 1
0
2 1
s F s F d f t f
t
- =
}
t t t
1. Gunakan konvolusi untuk menyelesaikan
transformasi balik dari

2. Tentukanlah ketika
dan

1
6
2
s

) ( ) (
2 1
s F s F -

x
e x f
3
1
) ( =

x
e x f
2
2
) ( =
1. diketahui:

Ditanya:
Jawab:

Diperoleh ;
, lalu masukkan ke bentuk
persamaan umum konvolusi.

1
6
) (
2

=
s
s F

? ... ) (
1
=

s F L

)
`

+
=
)
`

+
=
)
`

) 1 (
1
) 1 (
1
6
) 1 )( 1 (
6
1
6
1 1
2
1
s s
L
s s
L
s
L

) 1 (
1
) (
1
+
=
s
s F

) 1 (
1
) (
2

=
s
s F

x
e x f

= ) (
1

x
e x f = ) (
2
( ) ) ( ) ( ) (
2 1
0
2 1
s F s F dx x t f x f
t
- =
}

Jadi transformasi laplace invers dari fungsi

{ }
t t
t t t
t
t
t
t
x
t
t
x t
t
x x t
t
x t x
t
x t x x x
e e
s
L
e e e
e
e e
e
e
e dx e e dx e e
dx e e e dx e e e e
t f t f s F s F L
s
L
3 3
1
6
2
6
2
6
2
1
2
6
2 2
6
2
6 6 6
6 6 6
) ( ) ( 6 ) ( ) ( 6
1
6
2
1
. 2 0 . 2 . 2
0
2
0
2
0
0 0
) (
2 1 2 1
1
2
1
+ =
)
`

+ =
(

=
(

=
(

= = =
= = - =
- = =
)
`

} }
} }

1
6
) (
2

=
s
s F

t t
e e
s
L 3 3
1
6
2
1
+ =
)
`

2. Diketahui :

Ditanya:
Jawab:

x x
e x f e x f
2
2
3
1
) ( ; ) ( = =
? ... ) ( ) (
2 1
= - s F s F

| |
t t t t
t x
x
x t
t
x t
t t
x t x x t x
t
e e e e e e dx e e s F s F
dx e e e dx e e s F s F
dx x t f x f t f t f s F s F
2 3 2
0
2
0
2
2 1
0 0
2 2 3 ) ( 2 3
2 1
0
2 1 2 1 2 1
) 1 ( ) ( ) (
) ( ) (
) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
= = = = -
= = -
= - = -
=
=

}
} }
}
t t
e e s F s F
2 3
2 1
) ( ) ( = -
1. Gunakan konvolusi untuk menentukan
transformasi Laplace invers dari fungsifungsi
berikut:
a. b.

c.

2. Buktikanlah transformasi Laplace invers dari

2
) (
1
a s +

( ) 9
9
2
+ s s

2
2 1
) ( ; ) ( x x f x x f = =

a b
e e
t f
bt at

=

) (
) )( (
1
) (
b s a s
s F
+ +
=
1a. Diketahui:
ditanya:
jawab: ;maka

inversnya
Masukkan ke bentuk pers. Umum konvolusi

2
) (
1
) (
a s
s F
+
=

? ... ) (
1
=

s F L

) (
1
) (
1
) (
1
) (
2
a s a s a s
s F
+

+
=
+
=

) (
1
) ( ) (
2 1
a s
s F s F
+
= =

at
e t f t f

= = ) ( ) (
2 1
}
= =

t
dx x t f x f t f s F L
0
2 1
1
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
transformasi
Laplace invers
dari fungsi

dengan
menggunaka
n konvolusi

at
at t at
t
at
t
at
t
x a a at
t
ax at ax
t
x t a ax
t
te s F L
t e x e dx e
dx e e dx e e
dx e e e dx e e
dx x t f x f t f s F L

+

=
= = =
= =
= =
= =
}
} }
} }
}
) (
] 0 [ ] [ 1
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
1
0
0
0
0
0
) (
0 0
) (
0
2 1
1

2
) (
1
) (
a s
s F
+
=

at
te s F L

= ) (
1
1b. Diketahui:
Ditanya:
Jawab:
Dengan melihat tabel sifat transformasi laplace
L15,yaitu

dengan ;maka diperoleh

) 9 (
9
) (
2
+
=
s s
s F

? ... ) (
1
=

s F L
3 9
9
2
= =
=
a
a

x ax t f s F L 3 cos 1 cos 1 ) ( ) (
1
= = =

1c. Diketahui:
ditanya:
jawab:

Kemudian, masukkan fungsi-sungsi di atas ke dalam

2
2 1
) ( ; ) ( x x f x x f = =

? ... ) ( ) ( ) (
2 1
1
= - =

x f x f s F L
2 2 2
2
1
2 ) ( ) (
) (
x xt t x t x t f
x x f
+ = =
=
4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 3 3 2 2 2
0
4
0
3
0
2 2
0
3
0
2
0
2
0
3 2 2
0
2 2
0
2 1 2 1
12
1
12 12
3 8 6
4 3
2
2
0
4
1
4
1
0
3
1
3
1
2 0
2
1
2
1
4
1
3
1
2
2
1
2
2 ) 2 (
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
t
t t t t t t t
t t t t t
x x t x t
dx x dx x t xdx t
dx x tx xt dx x xt t x
dx x t f x f x f x f
t t t
t t t
t t
t
= =
+
= + =
(

+
(

=
(

+
(

=
+ =
+ = + =
= -
} } }
} }
}

4
2 1
12
1
) ( ) ( t x f x f = -
2. diketahui:

ditanya: buktikan hasil dari
Jawab:
diperoleh

Masukkan ke dalam bentuk persamaan umum
konvolusi, berikut:

) )( (
1
) (
b s a s
s F
+ +
=

a b
e e
t f s F L
bt at

= =

) ( ) (
1
}
= =

t
dx x t f x f s F L t f
0
1 1
1
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
) (
1
) ( ;
) (
1
) (
2 1
b s
s F
a s
s F
+
=
+
=
bt at
e t f e t f

= = ) ( ; ) (
2 1
transformasi
Laplace invers
dari fungsi

dengan
menggunakan
konvolusi

TERBUKTI..!

a b
e e
t f
b a
e e
b a
e
e
b a
e
b a
e
e
b a
e
e dx e e
dx e e e dx e e
dx x t f x f s F L t f
bt at
bt bt at bt
t b a
bt
b a t b a
bt
t
x b a
bt
t
x b a bt
t
bx bt ax
t
x t b ax
t

=
+

=
(

+

=
(

+
=
(

+
= =
= =
= =

+
+

+ +

+
+

}
} }
}
) (
1
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
) ( 0 ) ( ) (
0
) (
0
) (
0 0
) (
0
1 1
1

) )( (
1
) (
b s a s
s F
+ +
=

a b
e e
t f
bt at

=

) (

Konvolusi digunakan dalam transformasi
laplace dengan menggunakan sifat apabila
dalam fungsi y terdapat perkalian dari dua
fungsi [ G(p)H(p) ]. Persamaan konvolusi
dapat ditentukan dengan mngambil contoh
persamaan sebagai berikut,

( ) 0 , ' "
'
0 0
= = = + + y y t f Cy By Ay
( ) ( ) p F f L CY BpY Y Ap = = + +
2
( ) ( ) p F C Bp p A Y = + +
2
( ) p F
C Bp Ap
Y
+ +
=
2
1
( )
C Bp Ap
p T
+ +
=
2
1

T(p) tersebut dapat disebut juga fungsi
transfer dan juga dapat ditulis sebagai
berikut,

( )
( )( ) b p a p
p T
+ +
=
1
Contoh Soal

Selesaikan persamaan differensial berikut
menggunakan konvolusi integral!

0 , 2 3
'
0 0
' "
= = = + +

y y e y y y
t
Jawab:

t
e y y y

= + + 2 3
' "
( ) ( )
t
e L y y y L

= + + 2 3
' "
( )
t
e L Y pY Y p

= + + 2 3
2
( ) ( )
t
e L p p Y

= + + 2 3
2
( )
t
e L
p p
Y

+ +
=
2 3
1
2
( )( )
( )
t
e L
p p
Y

+ +
=
2 1
1
( )
t
bt at
e L
a b
e e
L Y

|
|
.
|

\
|

=
( )
t
t t
e L
e e
L Y

|
|
.
|

\
|

=
1 2
2
( )
t
t t
e L
e e
L Y

|
|
.
|

\
|

=
1
2
( ) ( )
t t t
e L e e L Y

=
2
Dimana persamaan konvolusi ialah
( ) =
}
t
g y
0
t
( )
( )
( ) t t
t
t
+

= = =
=
t t
t t
e e t h
dan e e g Maka
2
,
( ) t t d t h
Sehingga,
( ) ( ) t t t d t h g y
t
=
}
0
( ) ( ) t
t t t
d e e e y
t
t
+
=
}
0
2
( )
}

=
t
t t
e e y
0
t
t d
( ) t
t
d e e y
t
t
=
}
1
0
| |
t
t

+ = e e y
t
t
0
( ) ( ) | |
0
0 e e t e y
t t
+ + =

( ) ( ) | | 1 0 + + =
t t
e t e y
| | 1 + =
t t
e t e y
t t t
e e te y

+ =
2
. 1
0 , 6 5
'
0 0
3 ' "
= = = + y y e y y y
t
. 2 0 , 4 3
'
0 0
2 ' "
= = = +

y y e y y y
t
JAWABAN
. 1
t
e y y y
3 ' "
6 5 = +
( ) ( )
t
e L y y y L
3 ' "
6 5 = +
( )
t
e L Y pY Y p
3 2
6 5 = +
( ) ( )
t
e L p p Y
3 2
6 5 = +
( )
t
e L
p p
Y
3
2
6 5
1

+
=
( )
t
e L
p p
Y
3
2
6 5
1

+
=
( )( )
( )
t
e L
p p
Y
3
2 3
1

=
( )
t
bt at
e L
a b
e e
L Y
3

|
|
.
|

\
|

=

( )
( )
t
t t
e L
e e
L Y
3
2 3
3 2

|
|
.
|

\
|

=
( )
t
t t
e L
e e
L Y
3
2 3
1

|
|
.
|

\
|

=
( ) ( )
t t t
e L e e L Y
3 2 3
=
Dimana persamaan konvolusi ialah
( ) ( ) t t t d t h g y
t
=
}
0
( )
( )
( ) t t
t t
t
t
3 3 3
2 3
,

= =
=
t t
e e t h
dan e e g Maka
Sehingga,

( ) ( ) t
t t t
d e e e y
t
t
3 3
0
2 3
=
}
( )
}

=
t
t t
e e y
0
3 3 t
t d
( ) t
t
d e e y
t
t
=
}
1
0
3
( )
}

=
t
t
d e e y
0
3
1 t
t
| |
t
t

+ = e e y
t 3
t
0
( ) ( ) | |
0 3
0 e e t e y
t t
+ + =

( ) ( ) | | 1 0
3
+ + =
t t
e t e y
| | 1
3
+ =
t t
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t t t
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Dimana persamaan konvolusi ialah
( )
t
t t
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t
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dan
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g Maka
Sehingga,
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t
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t
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t t
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t t
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t
t
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t
t
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t t
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0 0 2 3 2
2
1
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e e e e e y
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t
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2
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2
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3
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t
(

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6
3
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2
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1
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1
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e e e y
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|

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6
5
2
1
3
1
5
1
2 3 2 t t t
e e e y
t t t
e e e y
2 4
30
5
10
1
15
1

+ =

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