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STUDY OF BOTH THE CURRENT

VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTIC AND


THE POWER CURVE TO FIND THE
MAXIMUM POWER(MPP) AND
EFFICIENCY OF A SOLAR CELL
Batch- B2
Group No.06
Lakshay Gupta 33 (500039322)
Rishab Raj 50 (500040524)
Anandita Shekhar (500056874)
Vipin Gupta 77 (500044444)
Anmol 67 (500444444)

Experiment No.1




Theory/Principle of Experiment
The basic principle behind the working of Solar Cell
is Photovoltaic Effect
Basic Steps
Absorption of light - Generation of charge
carriers
Separation of charge carriers
Collection of the carriers at the electrodes
Thermodynamic approach
Solar heat Chemical energy of electron-
hole pairs
Chemical energy Electrical energy
Experimental Set up/Apparatus
Solar Panel:-
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Observations, Calculations and Analysis of
results
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SN0 RESISTANCE() VOLTAGE(V) CURRENT(I) POWER(W)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
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9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Observations, Calculations and Analysis of
results
Efficiency
Efficiency is defined as the ratio of energy output
from the solar cell to input energy from the sun.
The efficiency of a solar cell is determined as the
fraction of incident power which is converted to
electricity and is defined as:
Pin=F*Ip*A
=6.678*100*244*10^-11
=21.57watt
n(neta)=Pout/pin*100
=.198/21.57*100=91.8%

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Analysis of results Contd..



Fig .1 Fig .2

Graph of cell output current (red line) and power (blue line) as function of
voltage. Also shown are the cell short-circuit current (I
sc
) and open-circuit voltage
(V
oc
) points, as well as the maximum power point (V
mp
, I
mp
).
Application
Rural electrification: The provision of electricity to
rural areas derives important social and economic
benefits to remote communities throughout the
world like power supply to remote houses,
electrification of the health care facilities, irrigation
and water supply and treatment.
Ocean navigation aids: Many lighthouses are now
powered by solar cells.
Telecommunication systems: radio transceivers on
mountain tops are often solar powered.
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