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Energy Use in the Home

Lighting 15%
Cooling 44%
Food Preservation/Preparation 15%
Laundry 5%
Entertainment 15%
Phantom Load 6%
Artificial lighting consumes almost 15%
of a household's electricity use.
You can reduce lighting energy use by
selecting lighting and sources that use
energy more efficiently
CFL: 21 watts * 8 hrs/day = P 5.04
Incandescent bulb: 100 watts * 8 hrs/day = P24
Use Energy-Efficient

Compact Fluorescent Lamps
Offers the potential for significant
economic and environmental
Compact fluorescent lamps use 70 - 80%
less energy
Have a longer life usually 6000-
10,000 hours compared to 750 to
1000 hours for a standard
incandescent bulb

Why we still dont use CFLs
High up-front cost

Energy Saving Tips for
Turn off lights when not in use.
Dust your lamps and light fixtures.
Even a thin layer of dust reduced light
Maximize the use of daylighting.

Cooling accounts for about 44%
of the energy use in a typical
home, making it the largest
energy expense for most homes.
A/C 1 HP 944 watts * 8 hrs/day =
Fan (16) 70 watts * 8 =

Energy Saving Tips for A/Cs
Choose right size and style for room.

If you leave the room for a long time,
turn off your air conditioner.

Turn off unused lights and other
appliances that give off heat.
Change incandescent to fluorescent. An
incandescent bulb is much better a heater
than a light source.
Energy Saving Tips for
Use a small electric fan to spread
cooled air around your room. This
prevents the cooled air from layering
and settling to the floor.

Choose an air conditioning unit with
high Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER).
The higher the EER, the more efficient
is the unit.

Energy Saving Tips for
Frequent changes in thermostat settings will
increase operating costs.
For cooling situations where you can
increase room temperature by 1C, you
could save up to 10% of operating costs.
Keep all doors closed so that the
conditioned air is restricted to the area
requiring cooling.
Close curtains over large glass areas to
prevent up to 16% of heat transfer
Routinely replace or clean aircon filters.
Clogged, dirty filters block normal air flow
and reduce a system's efficiency
Keeping the filter clean can lower your air
conditioner's energy consumption by 5%
Energy Saving Tips for
Food Preservation/
The refrigerator is one of the largest
energy users in the household. The
refrigerator can account for as much
as 15 20% of your homes total
energy usage.
8 cubit feet ref used 24 hrs/day = P56.16
If your refrigerator is more than 15
years old, youll save on your electric
bills if you replace it with a more
efficient unit.
Energy Saving Tips for Refs
and Freezers
Defrost refs and freezers regularly.
More than -inch ice build up of frost puts up
an extra load on the compressor motor.
Check refrigerator if it is not losing its
cool because of a leaking gasket.
Test the gasket by closing the door on a
peso bill. If the bill slips out when you pull on
it, either the gasket needs a replacement or
the door needs adjusting.
Energy Saving Tips for Refs
and Freezers
Frequent opening and closing of refs
contributes to frost or ice buildup
and causes compressor motor to
work overtime.
As much as possible, keep door closed.
Choose the right size or capacity of
refrigerator suitable to your need. Large
capacity ref has bigger motor compressor
that requires more power to run.
Energy Saving Tips for Refs
and Freezers
Dont place the refrigerator near the stove or
against an uninsulated wall facing the sun.

Dont set the thermostat colder to get it started
on the theory that it will freeze faster.

Vacuum the refrigerator coils twice a year.
Dirty coils make the refrigerator work harder
and use more energy.
Energy Saving Tips for
Kitchen Appliances
Do not boil water in an open pan/pot. Covered
pot/pan will boil it sooner over less heat. Once it
is boiling, keep it with a low flame as possible.
Always clean range top, burners and reflectors.
It helps to produce more heat consuming less
Preheat oven only for baked foods that require
precise temperatures such as breads, cookies,
and cakes. Casseroles, roasts, and broiled
foods don't need to go into a warm oven.
Turn your oven off about five minutes before
cooking time is complete.
Energy Saving Tips for
Kitchen Appliances
Never put small pans on large heating
elements (on electric stoves) or big burners
(in gas stove). Flame or heat that exceed the
diameter of the pan is lost in the air.
Have all ingredients ready when cooking to
avoid frequent switching on and off the
electric stove.
Thaw frozen food thoroughly before cooking.

Most of the energy use
associated with laundry comes
from heating the water.
water heating accounts for 90% of
the energy used by washing
Two ways to reduce the amount
of energy used for washing
use less water
use cooler water
Energy Saving Tips for
Laundry Appliances

Wash heavy and light weight laundry separately.
Heavy laundry requires different setting.
Plan to wash and dry full loads of laundry to save
on energy and water.
Pre-soak dirty clothes, probably the night before.
Avoid having to run the washing machine twice.
Turn off flat iron shortly before ironing the last
piece. It will stay hot just enough to finish the job.
Electric clothes drier uses large amount of energy
to dry clothes. Practice using the old-fashioned
clothes line.

Phantom Load
Almost all electronic
appliances consume
power in their
"standby" modes
Accounts for 6 10% of
total electricity

How to deal with these
phantom loads
Unplug the appliance! However,
constant plugging and unplugging is a
pain and wears out the plug and
socket quickly.
Use quality extension cords with
multiple female plugs that are
switched on the plug strip. When the
plug strip is switched off, all the
appliances plugged into the strip are
disconnected from the power source.

For more information
Department of Energy