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Semua aktivitas yang berkaitan

untuk mempertahankan
peralatan sistem dalam kondisi
siap bekerja
Tujuannya mempertahankan
keandalan sistem dan
meminimalkan biaya
Keandalan : Peluang sebuah
komponen mesin atau produk
akan bekerja secara baik untuk
waktu tertentu dibawah kondisi
tertentu

Maintenance Management
Kepentingan strategis
Pemeliharaan dan keandalan
Kegagalan mempunyai efek yang kurang
baik terhadap :
Operasi
Reputasi
profitabilitas
pelanggan
produk
Para pekerja


Maintenance
Procedures
Employee
Involvement
Maintenance
Performance
1995
Corel
Corp.
Maintenance Performance
Strategi pemeliharaan dan
keandalan yang baik
Membutuhkan:
Keterlibatan Karyawan
Prosedur pemeliharaan dan keandalan

Untuk menghasilkan:
Penurunan inventori
Perbaikan kualitas
Perbaikan kapasitas
Reputasi kualitas
Perbaikan berkesinambungan
Keterlibatan karyawan(Employee
Involvement)
Berbagi informasi
Skill training
Sistem penghargaan
Power
sharing(berbagi
kekuatan)
1995 Corel Corp.
Maintenance & Reliability
Procedures
Pembersihan dan pelumasan
(Clean and lubricate)
Pengawasan dan
penyesuaian(Monitor and
adjust)
Perbaikan kecil(Minor
repair)
Pencatatan terkomputasi
(Computerized records)
Maintenance
Procedures
.
Tactics for
Reliability and Maintenance
Reliability Tactics
Meningkatkan komponen individual
Menyediakan redudancy
Maintenance Tactics
Melaksanakan pemeliharaan preventif
Meningkatkan kecepatan perbaikan
Reliability
Probabilitas bahwa suatu item akan berfungsi
untuk waktu tertentu
Mean time between failures (MTBF)
Rata-rata waktu antar kegagalan dr setiap item
yang dapat diperbaiki
Failure rate
Kebalikan (Reciprocal )of MTBF
Evaluating Maintenance
Failure Rate (%)
Number of failures
FR(%) = * 100%
Number of units tested
Failures Per Operating Hour

Number of Failures
FR(n) =
Operating Time
Mean Time Between Failures

1
MTBF =
FR(N)

How much preventive & breakdown
maintenance
Who performs maintenance
Centralized, decentralized, operator etc.
Contract or in-house
When to replace or repair
How much to replace
Individual or group replacement
Maintenance Decisions
Preventive Breakdown
Routine inspection &
servicing
Prevents failures
Bases for doing
Time: Every day
Usage: Every 300 pieces
Inspection: Control chart
deviations
Non-routine
inspection
& servicing
Remedial
Basis for doing
Equipment failure
Types of Maintenance
Centralized maintenance department
Does all maintenance (PM & breakdown)
Decentralized maintenance department
Useful if different equipment used in different
areas of company
Contract maintenance
Used if little equipment or expertise
Operator ownership approach
Organizing the
Maintenance Function
Operator does preventive maintenance
Equipment condition is their responsibility
Learns equipment better
Increases workers pride
Reduces repair time & PM costs
Maintenance department is backup
Handles non-routine problems
Provides maintenance training
Has plant-wide responsibilities
Operator-Ownership Approach
A Computerized Maintenance
System
Maintenance
Commitment
Cost
Optimal
Maintenance Costs
Traditional View
Contract for Preventive
Maintenance
Compute the expected number of
breakdowns without the service contract
Compute the expected breakdown cost per
month with no preventive maintenance
contract
Compute the cost of preventive maintenance
Compare the two options
A Key To Success
High utilization of facilities, tight scheduling,
low inventory and consistent quality demand
reliability - total preventive maintenance is the
key to reliability.