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Inisiasi V

Bahasa Inggris I/MKDU4107


Adalah cara untuk mempersiapkan pembaca terhadap sebuah bacaan dengan
memberikan serangkaian pertanyaan atau pernyataan kepada pembaca berkaitan
dengan isi bacaan.

Tujuan anticipation guide adalah untuk:
Menghubungkan pengetahuan yang telah dimiliki pembaca dengan informasi baru
untuk memperluas pemahaman
Menimbulkan minat terhadap bacaan yang bertujuan untuk menciptakan sebuah
diskusi tentang bacaan tersebut
Menciptakan kemungkinan pengintegrasian pengajaran reading dan writing

Anticipation Guide dapat digunakan untuk:
Memperkirakan tema sebuah tulisan sebelum membacanya
Memperkirakan isi sebuah teks dari judulnya
Memperkirakan isi sebuah berita dalam surat kabar dari judul Headlines
nya


Mari kita berlatih bagaimana melakukan Anticipation Guide

Memperkirakan tema sebuah tulisan sebelum membacanya

Dalam latihan ini pertanyaan dimunculkan lebih dahulu sebelum membaca teks.

Ex: Before you read about drugs, answer the following questions:
1. Are drugs always bad?
2. Is there any positive function of drugs? Who uses it?
3. Why do people use drugs?
4. What is the impact of getting addicted?

Cara anticipation guide:
Tulis jawaban Anda pada selembar kertas tanpa melihat teks terlebih dahulu
Setelah itu Anda baca teks nya
Bandingkan antisipasi ( jawaban) Anda dengan teks nya, apakah sama atau berbeda.
Bagaimana? Sudah Anda tuliskan anticipation guide nya? Ok, nanti Anda cocokkan
dengan teks setelah Anda membaca teks lengkapnya.



Berikut teks lengkapnya




Drugs

Illegal drugs are always bad. Theres no good use for sniffing glue or snorting heroin. But
many drugs were developed as medications by doctors to help treat patients with very specific
medical conditions. And for those people, drugs make sense. Unfortunately, many of these
drugs are used by people who dont need them. Which, if you think about it, it is kind of like
going chemotherapy when you dont have cancer.

Many people dont become addicted to drugs, but may continue to drugs for the same reasons
they started: because they want to fit in, because they want to escape, because they are bored,
whatever. These are people who have issues with insecurity, and are scared or unwilling to
deal with problem in a straight-up, intelligent way-like talking to friends, counselors, even
parents!

For other people, once theyve started taking drugs, they become physically or mentally
addicted. They want more-in facts, they feel like they need more. Eventually, trying to get drugs
becomes the most important thing in their lives, using up all their time, money, and energy,
and really hurting people theyre close to.




Bagaimana? Mari cocokkan jawaban Anda dengan teks berikut.

1. I think so
2. Yes, a doctor or someone who knows how they are for and the dosage uses
them for medical treatment.
3. Probably they want to try out for the first time because as a human being we
always want to try something new. Another reason maybe they want to escape
from their problem and drugs provide a quick way to forget anything their
problem.
4. We cannot live without them. We cannot make money or do something well
because all we need is drugs. People will lose their jobs, family, and even their
lives.


Memperkirakan isi sebuah teks dari judulnya
Dalam latihan ini Anda membaca terlebih dahulu judul dari sebuah teks, kemudian Anda
menebak kira-kira teks tersebut tentang apa.
Ex: The text you are going to read is entitled Therapy Gives Pupils Hope
Can you guess what the text might be about? Tick the boxes corresponding to what
you think are possible ideas.




Going to a doctor
Children therapy
School and students
relationship
Treatment in dealing with
extraordinary students
How to encourage students
motivation
Students of Vocational School
Students research in United
States
Scholarship in America
Mari cocokkan jawaban Anda dengan teks berikut.
Therapy Gives Pupils Hope
Higashi school expound a revolutionary philosophy for dealing with autistic children.
The schools, whose title is derived from the Japanese word for hope, act on a principle called
daily life therapy, which was pioneered in 1969 in Tokyo by Kiyo Kitahara.
The therapy is intensive and aims to encourage independence. It is based on the
principle that self-awareness leaves the children less isolated and frightened.
Teachers at the two schools, in Boston and Tokyo, are uncompromising in their
expectations of the pupils, who range in age from three to 22. They are encouraged to
express themselves through painting and music, and also to run around, shout and scream to
burn off excess energy-an approach criticized by educationists.
So far, 50 British families have sent their children to the Boston academy. Many are
now in mainstream schools in Britain with some educational support. Some were unable to
talk or do anything for themselves; now they can speak, operate computer, feed, and dress
themselves.









Going to a doctor
Children therapy

School and students
relationship

Treatment in dealing with
extraordinary students

How to encourage students
motivation

Students of Vocational School
Students research in United
States

Scholarship in America
Nah, bagaimana jawaban Anda?
Banyak benar nya atau salah nya?

Ternyata teks yang berjudul Therapy
Gives Pupils Hope tersebut tidak
berkaitan dengan Going to a doctor,
Students of Vocational School, and
Scholarship in America.
Memperkirakan isi sebuah berita dalam surat kabar dari judul Headlines nya

Sama dengan latihan sebelumnya Anda membaca terlebih dahulu judul (Headlines)
dari sebuah teks, kemudian Anda menebak kira-kira teks tersebut tentang apa.

Ex: The headline of the text you are going to read is entitled Bicyclists
Dies in Metrobus Accident.
Petunjuk untuk menjawab soal:
A. Jika (1) dan (2) benar
B. Jika (1) dan (3) benar
C. Jika (2) dan (3) benar
D. Jika semua benar




1. A bicycle racer killed by his rival
2. Traffic accidents killed a bicyclist
3. A city bus hit a bicycle




Bicyclists Dies in Metrobus Accident.
By Perry Bacon Jr
Washington Post Staff Writer
Sunday, July 29, 2001: Page C04

An identified woman died yesterday after a Metrobus struck her while she was
riding a bicycle in front of a bus terminal in Northwest Washington, police said. The bus hit
the woman who had been bicycling on the sidewalk as she was riding in the terminals
driveway, said Metro spokeswoman Cheryl Johnson.
The accident occurred about 1:05 p.m The woman was taken to Washington Hospital
Center, where she was pronounced dead about 1:25 p.m. Police said the cause of the
accidents remains under investigation.
Johnson identified the driver of the bus as Isaaih Williams, 24. She said Williams had
been driving buses for Metro for more than a year. Johnson said Metro has placed Williams
on administrative leave pending an investigation and a drug test, the transit agencys
standard policy in such cases.

Mari cek jawaban Anda

Ya, Anda benar jika jawaban Anda adalah B, yaitu Traffic accidents killed a
bicyclist dan A city bus hit a bicycle.

Dua hal kalimat tersebut merupakan tema dari headline Bicyclists Dies in
Metrobus Accident.




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