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Configuration planning
3GRPESS Module 8
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Module 8 Configuration planning
Objectives
After this module the participant shall be able to:-
Understand main tasks related to site and base station
configuration planning
Understand antenna line planning principles
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Content
Site solutions

BTS Configuration planning

Antenna Solution

GSM WCDMA co-siting

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Inside NSN
UltraSite
EDGE BTS
Wall, stand,
pole
Floor,
rack
At the base
of a mast,
tower
At the
top
of a
mast,
tower
Space
limited
site
Remote
RF-
Head/Distr
ibuted
BTS
Site solutions Flexi BTS architecture
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Flexi BTS installation options
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Flexi WCDMA BTS reduces site costs
-7%
0%
-63%
-46%
-38%
-86%
-49%
-3%
-37%
-62%
0%
Faster acquisition
Shorter RF feeders
No MHA
Less power
consumption,
no air-conditioning
More installation
options
Smaller weight load
No lifting with crane
More location options
Less site visits, less
spare parts
BTS
Power system
Antenna System
Planning &
Management
Civil Works
Site Acquisition
Implementation
Site Rent
Power
Transmission
O&M
Smaller power system
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Configuration & site examples
- Flexi WCDMA BTS (Rel1)
COC, stack installation
UOC, stack installation & feederless site
FSC or UOC, distributed &
feederless site
COC, pole installation &
feederless site
- All modules up
UOC, distributed & feederless site
- System Module down
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Content
Site solutions

BTS Configuration planning
Configuration of Flexi BTS
Feederless and distributed site
Example Flexi configurations
Ultrasite configurations

Antenna Solution

GSM WCDMA co-siting

Customer confidential
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Base station (RF) configuration options
The main options for the base station configuration
are
Number of sectors/cells
Number of carriers per sector
Number of Linear Power Amplifiers
E.g. multiple carriers per Linear Power Amplifiers
Linear Power Amplifier transmit power
Base band signal processing capacity
Required signal processing capacity depends on maximum
number of connections and connection type (bit rate)

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NSN Flexi WCDMA BTS main building blocks
RF Module Single
one sector with dual
carrier (optional
AC-DC converter
submodule)
System Module
incl. transport
sub-module
Incl. power
distribution
RF Module Dual
two sectors both
with dual carrier
Alternatives
the minimum BTS
configuration:
one RF Module and
one System Module
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New supported equipment
More compact BTS installations

Complete BTS
Complete BTS
1+1+1 20/40/30/60W
2+2+2 20/30W


(triple 70W RF module,
SYS.MOD rel.2)
1+1+1 20/40W
2+2+2 20W


(50W RF modules,
SYS.MOD rel.1)
6 x 2 20/30W
3+3+3 20/30W
4+4+4 20/30W

(triple 70W RF modules,
SYS.MOD rel.2)
6 x 1 /20W



(dual 50W RF
modules,
SYS.MOD rel.1)

Less space, more RF power, more capacity
RAS6.0 RU10
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Configuration types- Flexi WCDMA/Multimode BTS

Flexi WCDMA BTS (Rel1 HW) has 3 different basic configuration types
COC = Cost Optimized
1*Dual RF and 1*Single RF for max 222/20W or 111/40W
can be done also with 2*Dual-RF and 1*Dual RF can be added later for UOC
UOC = Upgrade Optimized
3*Dual RF for max 2+2+2/40W and beyond
At RU10 we can go up to 444/20W and 222222/20W
FSC = Feederless Site Configuration
3*Single-RF (or 3*RRH) for max 111/40W or 222/20W
Rel1-RF can be used with Multimode (Rel2) System Module (FSMC and FSMD)

Flexi Multimode BTS (Rel2 HW) has 3 different basic configuration types:
COC
1*Triple RF for max 222/30W or 111/60W
UOC
2*Triple-RF for max 222/60W, 444/30W or 222222/30W
FSC
3*RRH for max 111/60W, 222/30W, 333/20W or 444/15W

Note: Flexi site is distributed, when one or more RF-Modules are installed to System Module
more than 2m apart (However is called Feederless Site Installation on Flexi Sales Guide)
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Supported Configurations, RF Modules And
Frequencies
* = HW available in 2H/07 (after RAS05.1ED)
Frequencies Configurations
Available
(est.)
RAS05.1
RAS05.1 ED
RAS06
COC = Cost Optimized Configuration, 1 x Dual and 1 x
Single RF Modules.
FSC = Feederless Site Configuration, 1 x Single RF
Module per sector.
UOC = Upgrade Optimized Configuration, 1 x Dual RF
Module per sector.
FSi = Feederless Site Installation possible
1900
900
850
1.7/ 2.1
2100
Band
II FRFA/ FRFB*
VIII FRDA/ FRDB*
V FRCA/ FRCB*
IV FRIA/ FRIB
I FRGC/ FRGD
3GPP band RF module
Dual/ Single
1900
900
850
1.7/ 2.1
2100
Band
II FRFA/ FRFB*
VIII FRDA/ FRDB*
V FRCA/ FRCB*
IV FRIA/ FRIB
I FRGC/ FRGD
3GPP band RF module
Dual/ Single
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RAS5.1,
WBTS3.2
Flexi BTS Configuration Types
RAS5.1ED,
WBTS3.3
COC (Cost Optimized Configuration) has 2 RF modules therefore in case of large distance
between antennas, RF modules can not be installed close to each of them.
FSC (Feederless Site Configuration) has 3 RF modules therefore they can be located close to
each of the antennas.
UOC (Upgrade Optimized Configuration) also has 3 dual RF modules therefore has all benefits
of FSC and extra capacity.
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System Module
Dual RF Module
Dual RF Module
Dual RF Module
Flexi RAS05.1 ED (WBTS3.3) Upgrade Optimized
Configuration

Ant 4 Ant 3 Ant 2 Ant 1
Ant 4 Ant 3 Ant 2 Ant 1
Ant 4 Ant 3 Ant 2 Ant 1
Sector 1
LCR1 (main)
Sector 1
LCR1 (div)
Sector 2
LCR2 (main)
Sector 2
LCR2 (div)
Sector 3
LCR3 (main)
Sector 3
LCR3 (div)
2+2 20/40
W
2 20/40
W
Sector 1
Sector 2
Sector 3
2+2+2 @ 20/40 W
-> 3+3+3 @ 20 W RU10
-> 4+4+4 @ 20 W RU10
RF cabling remains the same
No site visits
Note ! UOC configuration can
be implemented as
Feederless Site Installation
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Flexi WN4.0 new supported configurations

RAS06 (WN4.0) RF modules configurations

Configuration Type* HW / RF modules
2+1+1 / 2+2+1 20W COC 1 x Dual + 1 x
Single
2+1+1 / 2+2+1 20W FSC 3 x Single
2+1+1 / 2+2+1 40W UOC 3 x Dual
2+1+1 40W COC 1 x Dual + 2 x
Single
2+2+1 40W COC 2 x Dual + 1 x
Single
6x1 20-40W COC 3 x Dual
RF module
Dual/Single
Band 3GPP band
FRGC/FRG
D
2100 I
FRIA/FRIB 1.7/2.1 IV
FRCA/FRC
B
850 V
FRDA/FRD
B
900 VIII
FRFA/FRFB 1900 II
* Feederless Site Installation possible
RAS06 (WN4.0) RRH configurations
Configuration Type RRH modules
1 / 2 20-40 /
20W
FSC 1
1+1 / 2+2 20-40 /
20W
FSC 2
1+1+1 / 2+2+2 20-40 /
20W
FSC 3
2+1+1 / 2+2+1 20W FSC 3
RRH Band 3GPP band
FRGE 2100 I
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Flexi WN5.0 new supported configurations
RF module
Dual/Single
Band 3GPP band
FRGC/FRG
D
2100 I
FRIA/FRIB 1.7/2.1 IV
FRCA/FRC
B
850 V
FRDA/FRD
B
900 VIII
FRFA/FRFB 1900 II
RU10 (WN5.0), planned SW support for:
Configuration Type* HW / RF modules
2+2+2+2 20W COC 2 x Dual
3-Omni 20W UOC 1 x Dual
3+3 20W UOC 2 x Dual
3+3+3 20W UOC 3 x Dual
4+4+4 20W COC 3 x Dual
6x2 20W COC 3 x Dual
* Feederless Site Installation possible
RRH Band 3GPP
band
FRGG 2100 I
RU10 (WN5.0), main configurations, planned SW support
for:
Configuration Type RRH modules
1 8-15-20-30-40-60W FSC-COC 1
1+1 15-20-40-60W FSC-COC 2
1+1+1 15-20-40-60W FSC-COC 3
2 15-20-30W FSC-COC 1
2+2 15-20-30W FSC-COC 2
2+2+2 15-20-30W FSC-COC 3
Note:
In WN5.0 SM rel2 HW (FSMC/FSMD) is
required
Configuration up to 4+4+4 and SM rel. 1 HW
will be supported in WN6.0
Verify configuration from Sales Guide
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Flexi WN5.0 - Triple Module main supported configurations
RU10 (WN5.0), planned SW support for:
Configuration Type* HW / RF modules
1 8W COC 1 x Triple
1 and 1+1 and 1+1+1 20-30-40-
60W
COC 1 x Triple
2 20-30-40W COC 1 x Triple
2+2 20-30W
2+2 20-40-60W
COC
UOC
1 x Triple
2 x Triple
2+2+2 20-30W
2+2+2 20-30-40-
60W
COC
UOC
1 x Triple
2 x Triple
3-Omni 20-30W COC 1 x Triple
3+3 20-30W UOC 2x Triple
3+3+3 20-30W UOC 2 x Triple
4+4 20-30W UOC 2 x Triple
4+4+4 20-30W
4+4+4 20W
UOC
UOC
2 x Triple
3x Triple
6x1 20-30-40-
60W
6x1 40W
UOC
UOC
2 x Triple
3 x Triple
6x2 20-30W
6x2 20W
UOC
UOC
2 x Triple
3x Triple
Note:
In WN5.0 SM rel2 HW
(FSMC/FSMD) is required
SM rel 1 HW is supported in
WN6.0 for a restricted set of
configurations
RF
module
Triple
Band 3GPP
band
FRGF 2100 I
* Feederless Site Installation possible
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19 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
BTS System
Module
2x50 W RF Module
50 W RF Module
Sector 1
Sector 2
Sector 3
1+1+1 @ 20/40 W (RAS05.1)
-> 2+2+2 @ 20 W (RAS05.1 ED)
With minimum 3-sector RF Module
configuration
2 x 50 W Dual RF Module
50 W Single RF Module
Same RF cabling
No site visits
Carriers 1 & 2 inside 10 MHz sub-
band
Site upgrade path to 2+2+2 (1st of 2)
Cost Optimized Configuration COC in RAS05.1
Note ! COC configuration can be
implemented as Feederless Site
Installation
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50 W
PA
TX1
TX1 & RX1

Div RX1
1+1+1 @ 20 W
50 W
PA
Sector 1
50 W
PA
TX1
TX1
Sector 2
Sector 3
TX1 & RX1

Div RX1
TX1 & RX1

Div RX1
50 W
PA
1+1+1 @ 40 W
40 W SW Licence
50 W
PA
50 W
PA
TX2 TX2
TX2
2+2+2 @ 20 W
2
nd
Carrier SW Licence
(RAS05.1 ED)
Site upgrade path to 2+2+2 (2nd of 2)
Cost Optimized Configuration COC in RAS05.1 - pls use presentation
mode
BTS System
Module
Note ! COC configuration can be
implemented as Feederless Site
Installation
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New site configurations in RU10
Examples (1)
3+3+3 Or 4+4+4 / 20W
3 x RF Module release 1, dual 50W
Master, System Module release 1
Extension, System Module release 1 or 2
For 4+4+4 in RU10 you need release 2 SM
Sector 1
Sector 2
Sector 3
Tx1/Rx1
Tx2/Rx2
Rx3 Div
(Rx4 Div)
Tx3/Rx3
(Tx4/Rx4)
Rx1 Div
Rx2 Div
Master
SYS.MOD
Dual RF
Module 1
Dual RF
Module 2
Dual RF
Module 3
Extension
SYS.MOD
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New site configurations in RU10
Examples (2)

3+3+3 / 30W Or 20 W
2 x RF Module release 2, triple 70W
Master, System Module release 2
Sector 1
Sector 2
Tx3/Rx3
Rx1 Div
Rx2 Div
Tx1/Rx1
Tx2/Rx2
Rx3 Div
Master
SYS.MOD
Triple RF
Module 1
Triple RF
Module 2
Sector 1
Sector 2
Tx3/Rx3
Tx4/Rx4
Rx1 Div
Rx2 Div
Tx1/Rx1
Tx2/Rx2
Rx3 Div
Rx4 Div
Master
SYS.MOD
Triple RF
Module 1
Triple RF
Module 2
Extension
SYS.MOD
4+4+4 / 30W Or 20 W
2 x RF Module release 2, triple 70W
Master, System Module release 2
optionalExtension, System Module
release 2
Sector 3
Tx3/Rx3
Rx1 Div
Rx2 Div
Tx1/Rx1
Tx2/Rx2
Rx3 Div
Sector 3
Tx3/Rx3
Rx1 Div
Rx2 Div
Tx1/Rx1
Tx2/Rx2
Rx3 Div
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Flexi BTS 3G frequency bands and carrier power
Following 3GPP bands already supported (RF Rel1-HW)
2100MHz (I), 1900MHz (II)
1700/2100MHz (IV),
850MHz (V), 900 MHz (VIII)
8, 20, 40, 2*20W per TX connector

3*70W Triple RF-Module & 70W RRH (RF Rel2-HW) supports
2100MHz (I) in RU10, other bands according to roadmap/customer requirements
LTE support
8, 20, 30, 60, 2*20, 2*30W, RRH also 3*20W & 4*15W per TX connector

Lower frequency band dramatically reduces 3G site count
850/900MHz can half the number of sites required compared to 2100MHz
Typically 900/850MHz site grid can be used in re-farming cases



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24 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Content
Site solutions

BTS Configuration planning
Configuration of Flexi BTS
Feederless and distributed site
Example Flexi configurations
Ultrasite configurations

Antenna Solution

GSM WCDMA co-siting

Customer confidential
25 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
BTS
BBU
Rooftop
Distributed Configuration
Rooftop
Not Distributed
Configuration
Complete BTS on Towertop
Tower Feeder Site
Tower Feederless Distributed
Site
Model Sites
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Flexi facilitates feederless installations
Flexi WCDMA System
Module at the base of the
tower
Flexi WCDMA RF parts at
tower top mounted next to
antennas
Compensates high losses
introduced by long feeder
runs
Target signal strength can
be achieved by smaller
amplifiers which means
savings in OPEX
System Module is
connected to RF parts by
OBSAI interface utilizing
optical fiber
Distance up to 200 meters
with DC feed
Flexi slim antenna shape
RF-module for easy pole
and wall installations
Or
compact 2-sector RF-
Module
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Flexi WCDMA BTS Feederless Site
Iub
Site installed
optical multimode
cable up to 200
m
RF Modules located close to antennas
No 3050 m long antenna feeders nor MHAs needed (6 pcs each
!!)
2.. 5 dB better uplink & downlink RF performance
OBSAI RP3-01 optical interface up to 200 m with
Standard RF Module sales item includes two optical SFP components
OBSA
I RP3-
01
System
Module
R
F

M
o
d
u
l
e

RF Module
RF Module
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Feederless Site Configuration FSC in RAS05.1 = Single RF
Module per sector
Sector 1
Sector 2
Sector 3
1+1+1 @ 20/40 W (RAS05.1)
-> 2+2+2 @ 20 W (RAS05.1
ED)
Three 50 W Single RF Modules
Same RF cabling
No site visits
Carriers 1 & 2 inside 10 MHz sub-
band
Single RF Module
Single RF Module
BTS System
Module
Single RF Module
Optical
multimode
cable up
to 200 m
Feederless Site upgrade path to 2+2+2 (1st of 2)

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50 W
PA
TX1
Sector 1
(2 and 3
identical)
TX1 & RX1

Div RX1
1+1+1 @ 20 W
50 W
PA
1+1+1 @ 40 W
40 W SW Licence

Optional
AC/DC
FPAB
TX2
2+2+2 @ 20 W
2nd Carrier SW
Licence (RAS05.1 ED)

DivRX2

TX2 RX2
Feederless Site Configuration FSC in RAS05.1 = Single RF Module per
sector
Pls use presentation mode
1+1+1 @ 20/40 W (RAS05.1)
-> 2+2+2 @ 20 W (RAS05.1 ED)
Three 50 W Single RF Modules
Same RF cabling
No site visits
Carriers 1 & 2 inside 10 MHz sub-band
50 W RF Module
Sector 1
Sector 2
Sector 3
50 W RF Module
BTS System
Module
50 W RF Module
Feederless Site upgrade path to 2+2+2 (2nd of 2)
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DC
DC
DC
Configurations with Single RF Module:
1+1+1 @ 20/40 W
2+2+2 @ 20 W (with RAS05.1ED)
Configurations with Dual RF Module:
2+2+2 @ 20/40 W (with RAS05.1ED)
System Module powered with optional AC power
module, FPMA (system BBU)
RF Module DC feed from System Module
Distance max: 200 m (sigle RF module with 16 mm
2
DC cable)
Typical battery backup time: 30 min (1+1+1 @ 20 W with 50
% load)

AC
A
C
B B B
RF Module
RF Module
RF Module
System Module
Powering options for Feederless Site Installation
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RF Module
Overvoltage (OVP) & connection box FSEC
Overvoltage protectors Class II (C, T2)
Optional lightning protectors
All in IP55 class sealed box
Can be used for altering DC cable diameter
DC cable recommendation
It is mandatory to use shielded cable!
Details in: Flexi WCDMA BTS Product
Overview
System Module
DC
FPMA+FPAA + (FPBA)
OVP
IP55
box
OVP
IP55
box
Feederless BTS Site RF Module DC feed
RF Module DC feed distance with OVP
protected and shielded cables
Typical
1
\ Guaranteed
2
DC cable length
Cable
Thicknes
s
Distance with
Single RF Module
Distance with Dual
RF Module
Distance with Triple
RF Module (estim.)
6 mm
2
200m / 77 m 112m / 42 m 65m / 25 m
10 mm
2
200m / 130 m 189m / 71 m 110m / 40 m
16 mm
2
200 m 200m / 112 m 180m / 65 m
25 mm
3
200 m 200m / 178 m 200m / 105 m
35 mm
2
- - 200m / 145 m
1 System Module provides -48 to RF module in normal conditions, cable temperature range is -
33C..+ 70C; shielded cable type (MCMK) is used
2 BTS voltage is -40.5V according ETSI EN300132 (BTS input voltage -40.5 V .. -57 V) ; cable
temperature range is -33C..+ 70C; shielded cable type (MCMK) is used
AC
A
C
B B B


Must use Flexi
outdoor 2.0 m
DC cables with
IP55 connectors
In case RF Module
is a RRH, this
OVP is not
required
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Flexi WCDMA BTS feederless rooftop site
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Flexi WCDMA BTS in Latin America:
Existing tower site with feederless solution
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Flexi WCDMA BTS in Eastern Europe:
Complete BTS mounted on tower - Feederless
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Flexi architecture supports optical interface distance up to 15 km with
standard RF Modules
high performance long distance optical tranceiver SFP
components required
single mode optical cable up to 15 km
Flexi WCDMA BTS Distributed

System
Module
R
F

M
o
d
u
l
e

RF Module
RF Module
Optical Single mode Fiber up to 15 km
Flexi BTS System Module site
Antenna
Customer confidential
36 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Content
Site solutions

BTS Configuration planning
Configuration of Flexi BTS
Feederless and distributed site
Example Flexi configurations
Ultrasite configurations

Antenna Solution

GSM WCDMA co-siting

Customer confidential
37 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Example Configurations (FSMB)
Basic Configuration (COC)
FSMB: System Module
Rel1: RF Module dual
Rel1: RF Module single 1+1+1 @ 20 W with FSMB
QPSK, RR Scheduler per Site with 5
Codes
HSDPA 16 users per site
HSUPA activated, 3 users licence
Basic Configuration would include as an example
1+1+1 20W COC FSMB FTIA Hardware 1
FRIA Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Dual 50 W 1
FRIB Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Single 50 W 1
FTIA Transport PDH symm/Ethernet Hybrid 1
FSMB SYSTEM MODULE 1
SW LTU 1
FLEXI WCDMA BTS BSW LTU 1
SW LK 1
Channel Capacity LK (BSW) 120
Optional features as an example:
Hardware:
- Extension System module FSMB or in rel.2
also FSMC (180 CEs) FSMD (396 CEs)
- Additional carrier just a SW upgrade from
1+1+1/20W to 2+2+2/20W
HSPA:
- HSDPA 10 Mbps per user
- HSDPA 16QAM
- HSDPA 15 codes
- HSDPA code multiplexing
- HSDPA 48 users per cell / Node B (shared)
- HSUPA 2 Mbps per user

(not complete)
Note: that FSMB can be used and expanded with FSMC/FSMD Rel.2 HW
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Note: that FSMB can be used and expanded with FSMC/FSMD Rel.2 HW
FSMB: Extension
System Module
Example Configurations (FSMB)
Loaded Configuration (UOC)
FSMB: System Module
Rel1: dual RF Module
Rel1: dual RF Module
1+1+1 @ 40 W with FSMB+FSMB
16-QAM, PF Scheduler per Cell
15 Codes & Code Multiplexing
HSDPA 48 users/cell
HSUPA 24 users/BTS
Loaded Configuration in NSN Config (not
complete)
Product Description Qty
1+1+1 40W COC FSMB Hardware 1
FTPB Transport PDH E1/T1/JT1 symmetric 1
FRIA Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Dual 50 W 1
FRIA Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Dual 50 W 1
FSMB SYSTEM MODULE 2
SW LTU 1
FLEXI WCDMA BTS BSW LTU 1
Channel Capacity LK (BSW) 400
HSDPA 16 QAM Support p.c 3
HSDPA PFRP Scheduler p.c 3
HSDPA 48 Users per Cell LTU 3
HSDPA cell upg from 5 to 10 Codes LTU 3
HSDPA cell upg from 10 to 15 Codes LTU 3
HSDPA Code Multiplexing LTU 3
HSUPA Basic 24 users per BTS LTU 3
Optional features as an example:
- Additional carrier, an upgrade from 1+1+1/40W to
2+2+2/20W with SW or with one additional dual RF to
2+2+2/40W (later on possibility to expand to 3+3+3 in
RU10)
- New features in RU10 e.g. 64 HSDPA users/cell and 60
HSUPA users/Node B
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Example Configurations (FSMC in RU10)
Basic Configuration with FSMC in RU10 (COC)
FSMC: System Module
Rel1: RF Module triple
1+1+1 @ 20/30/40/60 W with FSMC /triple RF
QPSK/16QAM, RR/PF Scheduler per Site
with 15 Codes
64 users per Node B
12 HSUPA users
Basic Configuration in NSN Config (not
complete)
1+1+1 20W COC FSMC Hardware 1
Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Triple 70 W 1
FTIA Transport PDH symm/Ethernet
Hybrid 1
FSMD SYSTEM MODULE 1
SW LTU 1
FLEXI WCDMA BTS BSW LTU 1
SW LK 1
Channel Capacity LK (BSW) 180
HSDPA 16 QAM Support p.c 3
HSDPA PFRP Scheduler p.c 3
Optional features as an example:
- One triple RF module can be upgraded to 2+2+2 with licence,
2+2+2 with 20 or 30W
- Many HSPA features available
- System Module can be upgraded with either FSMC or FSMD
Customer confidential
40 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
FSMD: Extension
System Module
Example Configurations (FSMD in RU10)
Loaded Configuration with FSMD in RU10 (UOC)
FSMD: System Module
Rel1: RF Module triple
Rel1: RF Module triple
2+2+2 @ 20/30/40/60 W with FSMD+FSMD
16-QAM, PF Scheduler per Cell
15 Codes & Code Multiplexing
HSDPA 64 users/cell
HSUPA 60 users/BTS
Loaded Configuration in NSN Config (not
complete)
Product Description Qty
1+1+1 20W COC FSMD FTPB Hardware 1
FTPB Transport PDH E1/T1/JT1 symmetric 1
FRIA Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Dual 50 W 1
FRIB Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Single 50 W 1
FSMD SYSTEM MODULE 1
SW LTU 1
FLEXI WCDMA BTS BSW LTU 1
SW LK 1
Channel Capacity LK (BSW) 600
HSDPA 16 QAM Support p.c 3
HSDPA PFRP Scheduler p.c 3
HSDPA 64 Users per Cell LTU 3
HSDPA cell upg from 5 to 10 Codes LTU 3
HSDPA cell upg from 10 to 15 Codes LTU 3
HSDPA Code Multiplexing LTU 3
HSUPA 60 users per BTS LTU 3
FSMD+FSMD capacity
for traffic = 396*2
= 792 CEs
2* Triple RF module
enables 2+2+2 with
20-30-40 or 60W
Customer confidential
41 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Content
Site solutions

BTS Configuration planning
Configuration of Flexi BTS
Feederless and distributed site
Example Flexi configurations
Ultrasite configurations

Antenna Solution

GSM WCDMA co-siting

Customer confidential
42 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Ultrasite configuration
Ultrasite is assembled with different plug-in units
Wideband signal processing (WSP) units
Rel. 1 WSPA
Rel. 2 WSPC (2x BB capacity, HSPA support)
Mixing of WSPA and WSPC cards is supported within one cabinet
Wideband power amplifier (WPA) units
30W, 54W
1 carrier, 2 carrier
WCDMA application manager (WAM)
Transmission units

Customer confidential
43 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Max number of plug-in units by each Ultrasite
cabinet
Indoor
and
Outdoor
UltraSit
e
Suprem
e
Indoor
UltraSit
e
Optima
Outdoor
UltraSit
e
Optima
Compac
t (RF
ext.)
Outdoor
UltraSit
e
Optima
Compac
t (IBBU)
Indoor
and
Outdoor
UltraSit
e Triple
Mode
Wideband Antenna Filter (WAF)
6 3 6 3 3
Wideband Power Divider (WPD)
1 1 1 1 0
Wideband Output Combiner (WOC)
3 2 3 2 0
Wideband Power Amplifier (WPA)
6 3 6 3 n/a
Wideband Input Combiner (WIC)
3 2 3 2 1
Wideband Transmitter and Receiver
(WTR)
6 3 6 3 3
Wideband Summing and Multiplexing
(WSM)
3 2 3 2 1
Wideband Signal Processing (WSP)
18 12 12 12 5
Wideband Application Manager (WAM)
6 4 4 4 2
Wideband Power Amplifier (WMP)
n/a n/a n/a n/a 3
Customer confidential
44 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Ultrasite configurations - Power per carrier/sector
Ultrasite WPA power UltraSite power
/ sector
/ carrier
1+1+1+1+1+1 6 * 20 W 20 W
1+1+1 3 * 20W 20 W
3 * 40 W 40 W
2+2+2 3 * 20 W 10 W
3 * 40 W 20 W
Customer confidential
45 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
BB Architecture and WAM
W
S
P

WSM
WSM
WSM
WAM
WAM
AXU
IFU
Iub
W
S
P

W
S
P

WAM
Pooled Baseband Section Transmission Section
Basic principle: 1 WAM/3 WSPs
AXU
IFU
Iub
WAM (Wideband Application Manager):
There may be up to six WAM units installed in the BTS,
- 3 WAMs act as primary WAMs (WAM in slots Nr. 0)
- 3WAMS act as secondary WAMs. (WAM in slots Nr. 1).

- 6 WAM support (max.18 WSP cards in Supreme and 12
WSP in Optima )
One primary WAM at a time is selected as a Telecom and
O&M master unit (Master WAM) by the system.
Master WAM-unit takes care of the control functions on
BTS cabinet level. Those include BTS start-up,
temperature control, configuration and O&M processing.
All WAM units perform telecom control functions, logical
resource management, ATM processing and transport
channel frame protocol processing.


Customer confidential
46 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Example Ultrasite configuration CEC 1+1+1+
1+1+1

Iub
IFU
IFU
AXU
IFU
WSC
Carrier
InterFace
WAF
WTR
WPA
W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

WAM
DSC-BUS
T-bus
RT-bus
RR-bus
ST-bus SR-bus
WAF
WTR
WPA
WSM
WAM
WAF
WTR
WPA
WAF
WTR
WPA
W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

WAM
DSC-BUS
WAM WSM
WAF
WTR
WPA
WAF
WPA
W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

W
S
P

WAM
DSC-BUS
WAM WSM
WTR
R-bus
Customer confidential
47 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Example Ultrasite configuration CEC 1+1+1
TLCI
bus
SCI-bus
SCI-bus
OCI
bus
OCI
bus
ACI interface
TLCI bus
ACI interface
TLCI bus
T-bus
WAF
WTR WSM
WPA
W
S
P
W
S
P
W
S
P
WAM
WAF
WTR WSM
WPA
W
S
P
W
S
P
W
S
P
WAM
DSC-bus
WAF
WTR WSM
WPA
W
S
P
W
S
P
W
S
P
WAM
WIF
WIF
AXU
IFU
WSC
RT-
bus
RR-
bus
SR-bus
WIC
WIC
WIC
R-bus
R-bus
T-bus
T-bus
R-bus
DSC-bus
DSC-bus
ST-bus
External alarms
and controls
CIF
bus
Iub
Interface
TLCI
bus
TLCI
bus
TLCI
bus
ACI interface
TLCI bus
TLCI
bus
OCI
bus
SCI-bus
CCI
Interface
HUB
HUB
HUB
TLCI
bus
CIF
bus
CIF
bus
TLCI
bus
SCI-bus
SCI-bus
OCI
bus
OCI
bus
ACI interface
TLCI bus
ACI interface
TLCI bus
T-bus
WAF
WTR WSM
WPA
W
S
P
W
S
P
W
S
P
WAM
WAF
WTR WSM
WPA
W
S
P
W
S
P
W
S
P
WAM
DSC-bus
WAF
WTR WSM
WPA
W
S
P
W
S
P
W
S
P
WAM
WIF
WIF
AXU
IFU
WSC
RT-
bus
RR-
bus
SR-bus
WIC
WIC
WIC
R-bus
R-bus
T-bus
T-bus
R-bus
DSC-bus
DSC-bus
ST-bus
External alarms
and controls
CIF
bus
Iub
Interface
TLCI
bus
TLCI
bus
TLCI
bus
ACI interface
TLCI bus
TLCI
bus
OCI
bus
SCI-bus
CCI
Interface
HUB
HUB
HUB
TLCI
bus
CIF
bus
CIF
bus
Customer confidential
48 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Content
Site solutions

BTS Configuration planning

Antenna Solution
Antenna installation
Antenna tilting and MHA

GSM WCDMA co-siting
Different bands
Same band, WCDMA900
Customer confidential
49 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Installation Examples
Pole mounting for
roof-top mounting
Tower mounting for
directional antennas
Customer confidential
50 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Nearby Obstacles Requirement
The most important requirement is that antennas should mounted such that
their main beams are not obstructed
In the case of a roof-top site, obstructions could be other antennas or
cabins located on the same or a neighbouring roof
In the case of mast or pole mounted antennas, obstructions could be trees
or nearby buildings
Poor Position Good Position Poor Position Good Position
Customer confidential
51 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Roof-top installation
As the antenna position is moved away from the edge then
the antenna is more likely to incur shadowing
Antennas which are located away from the edge should be
mounted with an increased height

h
Clearance angle
d
d < 10 m h > d/2
10 < d < 20 m h > d/3
d > 20 m d > d/4
General rule
h
Clearance angle
d
d < 10 m h > d/2
10 < d < 20 m h > d/3
d > 20 m d > d/4
General rule
Customer confidential
52 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Both the area near and far away
from BTS receive a strong signal
Main Lobe
No shadow of radio signal
Main Lobe
Shadow of radio signal
The strongest signal is far
away from Base Station
Roof-top installation
Customer confidential
53 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Antenna installation on the wall

Direction of
main beam
Half power
beam width
15 safety
margin
Direction of
main beam
15 safety
margin
Good Position
Poor Position
Direction of
main beam
Half power
beam width
15 safety
margin
Direction of
main beam
15 safety
margin
Good Position
Poor Position
Customer confidential
54 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Content
Site solutions

BTS Configuration planning

Antenna Solution
Antenna installation
Antenna tilting and MHA

GSM WCDMA co-siting
Different bands
Same band, WCDMA900
Customer confidential
55 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Increased performance by NSN
Flexi Tilt
Why WCDMA Antenna tilt is important
Antenna tilt has impact on network performance
Cell capacity, own to other cell interference,
soft handover overhead and coverage probability
It is important to have whole the time optimal setting
for antenna tilt.
Remarkable impact on capacity
Continuous tilt adjustments are needed
New sites together with growing or changing
traffic require continuous tilt adjustments
Increased efficiency for optimization
The efficiency of the optimization process can be
increased remarkably by tools and subsystems
which minimize the number of site visits needed.
Antenna tilt is one of the key parameters in WCDMA
RAN optimization.
Flexi tilt is a tool for remote network
optimization.
Compliant with 3GPP
NSN Flexi BTS controls the antenna tilt
Tilt commands are given by BTS element manager
0 tilt
14 tilt
O&M data
Customer confidential
56 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Flexi WCDMA BTS 3GPP Antenna Tilt Support

Antenna Tilt is integrated to the RF module
of Flexi BTS. It feeds DC power to the
antenna and controls the antenna tilting.

In Flexi BTS this 3GPP specified antenna
tilting functionality must be enabled by a SW
licence because the HW is integrated to all
RF Modules.

Complies with AISG2.0

0 tilt
14 tilt
Activation without site visit
Feature ID(s): RAN906
Customer confidential
57 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Separate tilt for
I-HSPA Overlay and WCDMA with
single X-pol antenna
Antenna Tilting with Flexi Multiradio Combiner
Flexi RF modules
I-HSPA Adapter
Flexi System Module
Tilt
adjustor
unit
Same Tilt for WCDMA and I-HSPA Overlay
Multiradio
Combiner

Shared
Mast
Head
Amplifiers
Shared
x-pol
Antenna
Shared
feeders
Tilt commands are inserted into
feeder. Tilt control is part of Flexi
BTS SW. User interface for tilting
is BTS Element manager
Flexi Multi Radio Combiner Antenna for 2100 MHz with
separate tilting capability for -45 and +45 under study
Separate tilt for
WCDMA and I-HSPA overlay by
Two V-pol antennas horizontally
separated from each other
Tilt for -45
dipoles
Tilt for +45
dipoles
New Solution under study !!!
I-HSPA Ovly:
Tx/Rx,
WCDMA: Div
WCDMA:
Tx/Rx,
I-HSPA
Ovly: Div
Smart-
Bias-T
I-HSPA Ovly:
Tx/Rx,
WCDMA: Div
WCDMA:
Tx/Rx,
I-HSPA
Ovly: Div
3
rd
party
WCDMA
BTS
Customer confidential
58 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Logical view of antenna system
control
Flexi Antenna system control is 3GPP/AISG-2
compliant
Feeder line is used
for 2-way binary
communication
by using 2.176
MHz frequency
Signal logical
high +3dBm logical
low 40dBm.
Point-to-multipoint topology
BTS scans antenna system devices
by using serial numbers as address
More accurate diagnostics (MHA)
Simplified system
Separate control lines are not required
Bias-Ts integrated into Flexi WCDMA RF-module
Tilt Control unit functionality part of Flexi BTS SW
O&M data
NSN Flexi BTS
(WCDMA) with
AISG SW
support
Antenna,
tilt adjusting
subsystem
Control for
antenna tilt
Control for
antenna MHA
Mast Head
Amplifier
Customer confidential
59 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Flexi Tilt supports AISG 2.0

Integrated to BTS :
Power feed and control for MHA
including Return Loss measurement
Lightning protection
3GPP standard Antenna Tilt O&M
Control via Antenna Feeder
Optional
Mast Head Amplifier
Antenna with Tilt function
same antenna can be used
with or without MHA

(TX/)RX
TX/ RX
RAS06
3GPP (AISG 2.0) standard interface for
antenna tilt and MHA including control and DC
3
rd
party MHA
CWA support
Customer confidential
60 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Flexi WCDMA BTS AISG Mast Head Amplifier
Support

AISG = Antenna
Interface Standards
Group. 3GppAL
interface is defined
based on AISG
interface.
Activation without site visit
Feature ID(s): RAN908
AISG protocol with AISG MHA will provide
enhanced alarm information and control
mechanism for MHA functionality.

AISG2.0 MHA power feeding and enhanced
MHA alarm control must be enabled by a
SW licence. HW is integrated to all RF
Modules.
Customer confidential
61 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Dual Mast Head Amplifier for WCDMA 2100 MHz

WMHD has been designed to be used
especially together with Flexi WCDMA BTS
Integrated Smart Bias-T
Rx gain, 12 dB
Noise figure, 1.4 dB (typical)
Mechanics
Dimensions (190 x 150 x 50)
Weight, 3.5 kg
Environmental
Operating temperature, -40 - +55 C
Enclosure, IP67
MTBF, > 700.000 hours
Installation
Wall or pole
AISG 2.0 support
Better MHA diagnostics
Support for new AISG 2.0 tilt antennas
AISG 2.0 MHA
and antenna tilt
commands + DC
CWA mode MHA
control
If Flexi Tilt is used WMHD is
allways in AISG 2.0 mode
Customer confidential
62 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Dual Mast Head Amplifier for WCDMA 2100 MHz
Antenna
Tilt adjustor unit
Mast Head
Amplifier
Smart Bias-T
Typical installation
WMHD and
antenna with
integrated
Tilt adjustor
unit
WMHD and
antenna with
integrated Tilt
adjustor unit
and Smart
Bias-T
CS7276111 X-pol, 65 deg, 18dBi Typical antenna with electrical tilt
CS7276602 X-pol, 65 deg, 18dBi Antenna with integrated tilt adjustor unit
CS7276601 X-pol, 65 deg, 18dBi Antenna with integrated Smart Bias-T and tilt adjustor unit

RAS06
WMHD installation
Customer confidential
63 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Content
Site solutions

BTS Configuration planning

Antenna Solution

GSM WCDMA co-siting
Different bands
Same band, WCDMA900
Customer confidential
64 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Loss UL/DL 0.3 dB


Loss UL/DL 0.6 dB

Loss UL/DL 0.6 dB
Shared antenna Separate antennas Dual band antenna with diplexer
Shared
antenna
NSN Flexi Antenna system solution for Co-Sites
GSM and WCDMA locate in different bands
Diplexer
NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS
GSM BTS
Diplexer
NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS
GSM BTS
Diplexer
Shared
antenna
lines
Separate
antennas
for GSM
and WCDMA
Shared
antenna
lines
Shared
antenna
NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS
GSM BTS
Diplexer
Shared
antenna
lines
Dual band
antenna
with built in
diplexer
(824-960 &
1710-2170
MHz)

Customer confidential
65 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Loss UL/DL 0.3 dB
Tilt for shared antenna
NSN Flexi Antenna system solution for Co-Sites
GSM and WCDMA locate in different bands
Smart
Bias-T
extracts
tilt control
commands
from the
feeder
Tilt
adjustor
unit
NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS
GSM BTS
Diplexer
Shared
antenna
lines
Loss UL/DL 0.6 dB
Tilt for WCDMA antenna
Diplexer
NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS
GSM BTS
Diplexer
Separate
antennas for
GSM and
WCDMA
Shared
antenna
lines
Tilt control
commands
modulated into
feeder line by
NSN WCDMA
Flexi BTS
Shared
antenna
Tilt control
commands
modulated into
feeder line by
NSN WCDMA
Flexi BTS
Loss UL/DL 0.6 dB
Tilt for dual band antenna
Smart
Bias-T
extracts
tilt control
commands
from the
feeder
NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS
GSM BTS
Diplexer
Tilt adjustor
unit for 1800,
2100
Tilt
adjustor
unit for
900
Customer confidential
66 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Tilt for WCDMA antenna
NSN Flexi Antenna system solution for Co-Sites
GSM and WCDMA locate in different bands
Loss DL 1 dB Loss DL 1 dB
Separate antennas with MHAs
Separate antennas
and MHAs for GSM
and WCDMA
Diplexer
MHA MHA
Diplexer
Shared
antenna
lines
MHA control
messages
modulated in
antenna lines
External Bias-T
PITA
cable
Separate
antennas
for GSM
and WCDMA
Diplexer
MHA MHA
Diplexer
Shared
antenna
lines
NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS
GSM BTS
NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS
GSM BTS
Tilt control
commands
modulated into
feeder line by
NSN WCDMA
Flexi BTS
Customer confidential
67 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Content
Site solutions

BTS Configuration planning

Antenna Solution

GSM WCDMA co-siting
Different bands
Same band, WCDMA900
Customer confidential
68 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Antenna System Options for WCDMA
Frequency Refarming to 900 MHz
Separate Systems Flexi Multiradio Combiner Flexi Feederless Site
Flexi WCDMA
RF module
Flexi WCDMA
System module
Optical fiber and
DC cable
Separate antennas for
GSM and WCDMA or
single antenna with 2
broad band elements
inside same radome
Flexi Multi Radio
Combiner
Shared
Mast Head
Amplifiers
Shared
Antenna
for GSM
and
WCDMA
Shared
feeders
Flexi WCDMA
RF modules
Flexi WCDMA
System module
Dual MHA
AISG Compliant
Separate output
for antenna tilt
signals

GSM
Mast Head
Amplifiers
GSM
Antenna
Feeders
GSM BTS
WCDMA
Mast Head
Amplifiers
WCDMA
Antenna
Feeders
Flexi
WCDMA BTS
Customer confidential
69 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Antenna System equipment:
NSN Multi Radio Combiners 3 pcs
Shared antennas 3 radomes
Shared Mast Head Amplifiers 6 pcs
Shared feederlines 6 pcs

Performance:
NSN Multi Radio Combiner DL loss is 0.4 dB. UL
loss will be compensated by mast head
amplifiers
BTS Site Solutions for frequency refarmers
Combining without losses by NSN Multiradio Combiner
Shared Antenna System by
NSN Multiradio Combiner
GSM 900 & WCDMA 900
If MHAs already in
use and controlled
by UltraSite BTS
Flexi adapts. In
case of new MHAs
Flexi can also take
control.
NSN Multiradio
Combiner

Flexi RF modules
Flexi System module
Shared
Mast
Head
Amplifiers
Shared
Antenna
Shared
feeders
Customer confidential
70 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Operating band: 880 915 MHz
Compatibility:
NSN Flexi WCDMA BTS with NSN EDGE
base stations
Other vendor 3GPP-compliant base stations
(on a separate agreement)
Operation principle:
Combiner unit with filters
Allows the use of remote antenna tilt
Mechanics: NSN Flexi BTS module mechanics
1.5 HU without casing, 2 HU with Flexi casing
Performance:
Downlink loss: WCDMA 0.5 dB, GSM 0.5 dB
Uplink loss: 4 dB, can be compensated with MHA
Mechanics: NSN Flexi BTS module mechanics
Installation: Stack, wall or pole mounted, or in 19 racks
Can be installed indoors or outdoors, IP67
Dual Mast Head Amplifier for 900 MHz (MDGA)
is recommended to be used together with Flexi
Multiradio Combiner to compensate uplink loss.
Other frequency variants:
850 MHz, 1800 MHz, 1900 MHz
Summary of NSN Multiradio Combiner
for 900 MHz
Combiner 900 MHz
MDGA
NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS
GSM 900
BTS
FMC
Shared
antenna
Shared
antennalines
Flexi Multiradio
combiner
NSN Flexi
Multiradio
Combiner
Customer confidential
71 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Flexi Multiradio Combiner block diagram
Fullband device
No active electronics
Signal by-pass for MHA power
feed and control/alarms
TX path loss < 0.5 dB
RX path loss < 4 dB, which can
be compensated with MHA

RX TX
ANT1
ANT2
TX RX
TX/RX RX RX TX/RX
Other BTS
WCDMA
BTS
Customer confidential
72 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Separate tilt for
WCDMA and GSM with single X-
pol antenna
Antenna Tilting with Flexi Multiradio Combiner
Refarming Antenna for 900 MHz with separate tilting
capability for -45 and +45 under study
Separate tilt for
WCDMA and GSM by 2 V-pol
antennas separated 4 meters
from each other
Tilt for -45
dipoles
Tilt for +45
dipoles
New Solution under study !!!
WCDMA
Tx/Rx, GSM
Div
GSM
Tx/Rx,
WCDMA
Div
WCDMA
Tx/Rx, GSM
Div
GSM
Tx/Rx,
WCDMA
Div
Customer confidential
73 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
BTS Site Solutions for frequency refarmers
Feederless Site to facilitate frequency refarming
GSM 900 BTS and Flexi System
Module in equipment room
Flexi WCDMA 900 RF parts
mounted next to antennas
Separate tilt for WCDMA 900 to
overcome signal over shooting
Compensates high losses for
WCDMA 900 introduced by long
feeder runs
Target signal strength can be
achieved by smaller amplifiers
which means savings in OPEX
System Module is connected to RF
parts by OBSAI interface utilizing
optical fiber
Distance up to 200 meters
Separate elements for WCDMA 900 and
GSM 900 inside the same radome
GSM 900 BTS
Flexi
WCDMA 900
System
Module
Flexi WCDMA RF modules next to
antennas
Co-Siting without
additional losses
No need for changes to
GSM 900 BTS and
antenna lines
Customer confidential
74 NSN Siemens Networks RN31549EN10GLA0
Module 8 Configuration planning
Summary
Flexi BTS can be configured for feederless and
distributed site configurations
Careful antenna location selection and installation is
required for optimum performance
WCDMA900 and GSM can use same antenna
elements when multiradio combiner is used in BTS