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Content

Image
Petrofer
Paper
Coating
Problems / Possibilities
Service
Complete Protection at the Yankee
Important Parameters for the Creping
The PETROFER-System
Cotac H
Cotac Modifier
Release Agent
PETROFER-Technical Service
Softlayer
Cotac E
Prgewalzl
Isocut PAP
Isogrind PAP
MG-Cylinder
Cotac BonD
Enclosure
Headquarters
Germany - Hildesheim
Hildesheim,
Germany

Kielce, Poland

Izmir, Turkey

Barcelona,
Spain
P.R.China
Shanghai
Shenzhen
Changchun
Under license:
Hyogo, Japan
Fuji, Japan
PRODUCTION
WORLDWIDE
SALES
Germany

China
Poland
UK
France
Spain
Italy
Netherlands
Austria
Switzerland
Turkey
South Africa
Bulgaria
Ukraine
Finland Denmark
Portugal Slowakia
Sweden Slovenia
Czech Rep. Hungary
Canada Indonesia Taiwan
Iran Thailand
Malaysia Japan
WORLDWIDE
Sales in Europe

Diatom Vaerktj A/S, Denmark


YTM Industrial Oy, Finland
PETROFER S..r.l., France
PETROFER U.K. PLC, U.K.
PETROFER ITALIA SRL., Italy
H.R. Fischer Ibrica 2000 S.L., Spain
PETROFER Benelux B.V., Netherlands
PETROFER Austria Ges.m.b.H., Austria
E.KRAMER LDA, Portugal
G.A. Lindberg, Sweden
PETROFER Schweiz AG, Switzerland
PETROFER Bulgaria
PETROFER UKRAINE
PETROFER POLSKA, Poland
NPK Chemie, Slovenia
MERCANTA S.R.O., Czech. Republic
BASLER Trade GmbH, Hungary
DUBEC & REINSCH S.R.O., Slovakia
PETROFER Endstriyel Yaglar, Turkey
COMPANY PHILOSOPHY

Independent

World-wide

Strenght by partnership
business procedures
working- and procedure instructions
VDA 6.1 ISO 9001 ISO/TS 16949 QS 9001
Quality Certificates
ACTIVITIES
Research & Development
Production
Cooperation
Finding New Partners
Transmission of Know-How
Direct Export
Indirect Export
Research & Development
61 Employees
Research Development Analysis
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FORGING METAL FORMING HEAT TREATMENT INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS
PAPER CHEMICALS RUST PREVENTIVES DIECASTING CLEANERS
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In the tissue industry
SYSTEM ADJUSTMENT PRODUCT RANGE
PRODUCT QUALITY
PRODUCT INNOVATION
CHEMICALS
PRODUCTS SERVICE
CHEMICAL
MICROBIOLOGICAL
DIAGNOSIS
ANALYTIC OF WATER
ANALYTIC OF DEPOSITS
ANALYTICAL REPORTS
SPARE PARTS
INSTALLATION
EQUIPMENT
DOSING OPTIMIZATION
START UP
TECHNICAL
PETROFER PAPER CHEMICALS
CUSTOMER
RELIABLE SUPPLY TRAINING RAPID RESPONSE
ADDRESS:
PETROFER CHEMIE
RMERRING 12-16
31141 HILDESHEIM
GERMANY
TEL: +49 (0) 5121/7627 375
FAX: +49 (0) 5121/7627 66
www.petrofer.com
papier@petrofer.com
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The application of our COATING
chemicals and our know-how enable
the papermaker to adjust quality
parameters and take possession of
runnability
Complete programme of coating chemicals
Economical effective spray system
Increase of productivity and runnability
Protection of cylinder and reduction of wear
Improvement of tissue softness
BgVV-recommendation
DIN EN ISO 9001/14001
Biodegradable products
Service
Papermaking technical expertise
C
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Uniform, homogeneous coating
Constant stretch
Variation of strength
Long blade lifetime
Runnability
Increased heat transfer
Super-Soft Tissue
Corrosion
Heavy dust
formation
Black stripes
in the tissue
Uneven coating profile
Picking
Deposits at the Yankee edges

SYSTEM ADJUSTMENT PRODUCT RANGE
PRODUCT QUALITY
PRODUCT INNOVATION
CHEMICLAS
PRODUCTS SERVICE
CHEMICAL
MICROBIOLOGICAL
DIAGNOSIS
ANALYTIC OF WATER
ANALYTIC OF DEPOSITS
ANALYTICAL REPORTS
SPARE PARTS
INSTALLATION
EQUIPMENT
DOSING OPTIMIZATION
START UP
TECHNICAL
PETROFER PAPER CHEMICALS
CUSTOMER
RELIABLE SUPPLY TRAINING RAPID RESPONSE
COMPLETE PROTECTION
AT THE YANKEE
1. Spraying
2. Curing
3. Rewetting
4. Fixing
5. Creping
1
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1. SPRAYING
In the spray area, the COATING-chemicals are applied onto the
cylinder.
The COTAC adhesive agents are based on polymer solutions.

Parameters for an effective application are:

spray angle, type and distance
type of spray nozzles
temperature of the spray water
surface roughness
spray pressure
surface energy of Yankee surface
possible residual coating


2. CURING
Water evaporates from the COTAC-polymer solution

Formation of a soft polymer
film with a high water content

The polymer film
creates wet tacking

The wet adhesion is
necessary for safe and
uniform web pick up
3. REWETTING

The polymer film is rewetted in the nip press roll
throught the paper web

Increase of wet adhesion

By means of diffusion, fines and additives from
the pulp reach the open, wet adhesive polymer
film

COATING FORMATION
4. FIXING
The dewatering of the coating is carried out by
means of drying
Drying
Contact drying through the cylinder / strong influence
Drying process by means of hood energy

With increased drying
The coating gets harder
the adhesion increases

A chemical reaction between coating molecules and
cellulose molecules takes place

During the rotation, the paper web is safely fixed
onto the cylinder

5. PROTECTIVE COATING
COTAC RELEASE AGENT
PROTECTION ADHESION LUBRICATION
COATING
OF BLADE AND
CYLINDER
TO PAPER WEB
OF BLADE AND
CYLINDER
Yankee
Cylinder
Coating
Doctor
Blade &
Holder
Handling
Running
Conditions
Good
Performance
Web
Conditions
Coating Control
Cotac < - > Release Agent
Modifier
Stretch / Caliper / Strength
Protection

Adhesion Control
Fixing
Creping
Improved adhesion of the paper
onto the Yankee leads to softer
tissue
Application
Spray boom
Leckner system
Furnish
Spray water (temp., hardness)
Yankee
Cylinder
Doctor
Blade &
Holder
Handling
Running
Conditions
Good
Performance
Web
Conditions
Coating
Chemical Influences On Coating

Water Quality
pH-value

Adhesive &
Release
Addition Point

TS Solids

Type of
Adhesive

Adhesive /
Release
Ratio
Emulsion
stability


Ca and Mg
Water
Hardness


Artificial
Hardness
MAP
Modifier
Biocides
Adhesive &
Release
Dosage
Type of
Release
Coating
Adhesion
Coating
Protection
Blade
Yankee
Creping
Cross linked
Fibre to fibre linkage
Surface-

Bulk-
Softness
SCANNING ELECTRON PHOTOS
OF TWO DIFFERENT TISSUES
Conventional production
Produced with PETROFER-
COATING-Chemicals

Blade geometry
Blade material
Blade hardness
Blade hardness Rockwell
Blade holder
Cleaning blade
Blade pressure
Blade wear
Cleaning blade
Oscillation

Yankee
Cylinder
Coating
Handling
Running
Conditions
Good
Performance
Web
Conditions
Doctor
Blade &
Holder
GEOMETRY OF BLADE
Yankee
Paper Web
v
1

v
2

Blade
a
b
q
Doctor
Blade &
Holder
At a constant a-angle, the grinding angle b is
the decisive parameter for softness

Maximum crepe and softness can be achieved
by adjusting the angles a and b

The angle of the creping edge of the blade has
an influence on the creping wave length and
thus on the tissue softness
Doctor
Blade &
Holder
Control

Maintenance
Yankee
Cylinder
Coating
Doctor
Blade &
Holder
Running
Conditions
Good
Performance
Web
Conditions
Handling
Roughness

Coating

Crown

Coating
Doctor
Blade &
Holder
Handling
Running
Conditions
Good
Performance
Web
Conditions
Yankee
Cylinder
Chemical Influences On Coating
Drying Strategy
Hood/Cylinder Ratio
Yankee
Temperature
Profile
Yankee Crown
Hood
Yankee Steam Yankee Speed
Yankee Surface
Yankee
Surface
Temperature
Yankee Condensate
Thickness / Removal
Yankee Edge
Temperature
Control
Yankee
Cylinder
Yankee
Cylinder
Coating
Doctor
Blade &
Holder
Handling
Good
Performance
Web
Conditions
Running
Conditions
Machine Speed
Energy Capacity Hood
Cylinder Pressure
Felt & Wire
- Condition / Type
Line Forces
Suction Press Roll

Moisture Content + Control
Furnish
Influence Wet End + Press Section
Wet End Chemistry
Process Water (pH, water hardness)

Yankee
Cylinder
Coating
Doctor
Blade &
Holder
Handling
Running
Conditions
Good
Performance
Web
Conditions
Furnish Impact
Type
Fines Content Filler Content Retention
Recycled Fibre Broke
Refining Level /
Energy
SWK
HWK
Sulfite
Eucalyptus
Recycled Fibre
Broke
Fines Content
Dyes
Saveall Polymers
Bleach Residual
Wet Strength
Hemicellulose Content
Converting Contaminants
Tackle Design
Freeness
Fines

Fines
Filler
Ink
Contaminants
Size
Latex
Toner
Stickies
Web
Conditions
Wet End And Press Section Impact
Press Section
Showering
Pressure Roll Design
Wet End Design
Wire
Felts
Headbox
Dewatering
Separation Efficiency
Breast Roll
Couch Roll

Design
Air Permeability
Wear
Drainage
Cleanliness
Permeability
Design/Weave
Wear
Compaction
Age
Moisture Profile
Cleanliness
CD Profile Control
Layering
Drag
Stock Consistency

Roll Cleaning
High Pressure
Wetting
Chemical
% Open Area
PLI Loading
Hardness
Nip Impression
Single vs. double
Design (vac/blind
drilled/grooved)
Water Removal
Crowns
Web
Conditions
Wet End Chemistry Impact
Wet End pH
Swings & Control
Wet Strength
Felt
Conditioners
Cleaners
Absorbency
Aidl
Optical
Brightness
ORP Bleach
Carryoverl



Anionic
Polymers
Cationic
Polymers
Mill Water
Closure
Wet End
Starch
Deink.Chem.
Carryover
Debonder/
Softeners
Hemi-
cellulose
Wet End
Defoamers
Recycled
Fibre
Contaminants
Biocides
Retention
Dye Fixatives
Saveall/Krofta
Aids
Charge
Promoters


Retention
Aids
CMC
CO
2
Acid
Caustic
Soda Ash
Bicarbonate
% Closure
Chem.
Cycle Up
Temperature
Cationic
Dry/Temporary
Wet Starch
H
2
O
2

Cl
2
ClO
2
Feed Point
Dosage
Type
Amount
Type
Water Based
Water Extended
Oil
Concentrates &
Surfactants

Wet End
Starch
Latex
Stickies
Rosin
AKD
Solvents
Surfactants
Polymers
Caustic / Acid
Web
Conditions
Impact Of Water Hardness on Adhesion
Test Procedure:
Laboratory test: Peel
Dependent Parameters:
Concentration, Water Hardness
Test substance: Cotac 33H - solution: 7%, 14%, Lab. fleece (ZS:AP 1:1)
Peel-Value N
Concentration
1,87
0,63
0,19
7 % 14 %
Positively charged calcium ions neutralize the
carboxylate groups of the cellulose located at the paper web surface
In doing so, the formation of chemical and physical bondings,
which are essential for the adhesion, is inhibited.
With regard to the technical side, the heat transfer
is reduced due to the formation of a calcium carbonate layer.
0 dH
5 dH
Web
Conditions
THE PETROFER SYSTEM
COTAC H

COTAC P

RELEASE AGENT

SPRAY UNIT
Product Group Cotac H
---------------------------------------------------
Cotac 13H Cotac 41H
Cotac 17H Cotac 43H
Cotac 25H Cotac 45H
Cotac 27H Cotac 47H
Cotac 31H Cotac 50H new
Cotac 33H Cotac 3149H new
Cotac 35H new Cotac 3169H new
Cotac 37H Cotac 3207H new
Cotac 39H Cotac 3225H new

Description and Experience
with new Products
Product Group Cotac H
---------------------------------------------------
Cotac 13H Cotac 41H
Cotac 17H Cotac 43H
Cotac 25H Cotac 45H
Cotac 27H Cotac 47H
Cotac 31H Cotac 50H new
Cotac 33H Cotac 3149H new
Cotac 35H new Cotac 3169H new
Cotac 37H Cotac 3207H new
Cotac 39H Cotac 3225H new

Description and Experience
with new Products
PRODUCT: COTAC 35H

Description: This product is an aqueous, reactive polymer
solution similar to Cotac 33H but Cotac 35 H is
chemically stabilized. This reduces the reactivity
and thus the adhesion. The advantage is the
increased storage stability.

Experience: The viscosity of the most Cotac base coatings is
decreased with increasing shelf life, same is the
adhesion. These effects are insignificant within the
normal application period but at a 6 weeks transfer
to China or Chile they are more significant.


Customers: No customers so far


Outlook: Cotac 35H is especially suitable for overseas
transports due to its high storage stability.

PRODUCT: COTAC 50H

Description: Aqueous solution of reactive polymers
and additives

Experience: In the lab, the product shows an excellent
dry adhesion at moderate wet tack.
Despite of the high dry adhesion, the film
is very soft

Customers: No customers so far

Outlook: The product can be applied as
counterproduct to the PAL adhesion
agents. The performance is similar but the
chemical basis is completely different


PRODUCT: COTAC 3149H

Description: Aqueous, highly concentrated polymer
solution based on polyaminoamid resins.
The product corresponds to the XXXVI.
recommendation of BfR

Experience: Excellent coating agent. The coating is
softer and the adhesion slightly higher
compared to Cotac 33 H. At
inhomogeneous coating, it is possible to
do without a modifier.

Customers: Delicarta, Lucchesse, P&G Neuss,
Kartogroup France, Renova, Omega

Outlook: The product is less expensive compared
to the other base coatings and shows an
excellent cost-performance ratio.

PRODUCT: COTAC 3169H, COTAC 3207H, COTAC 3225H
Description: These products are the cost effective
pendants to the classical base coatings
Cotac 33H, Cotac 27H and Cotac 25H. The
products have been well received at our
customers and now have a fixed customer
base.
Experience: In general, the adhesion is slightly
reduced compared to our classics and the
coating is softer.
Cust. 3169H Kartogroup, KC Niederbipp, Cartasetta,
M.T. Mntt (Finland), Shanghai, SHP,
Fripa, Werrapapier, Omega,
Cust. 3207H: Renova (Portugal)
Cust. 3225H: Kartogroup Germany

Base coating and Adhesion
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COTAC 13 H
COTAC 17 H
COTAC 25 H
COTAC 27 H
COTAC 31 H
COTAC 33 H
COTAC 37 H
COTAC 39 H
COTAC 2001 H
COTAC 27H
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Based on a mixture of polymers and protective
additives

Formation of a cross linked and voluminous coating

Strong activation of fines and additives from the
pulp

Improved heat transfer

Especially suitable for waste paper

XXXVI. recommendation of the BgVV; FDA, 21
CFR Ch.I
COTAC 39 H
C
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H
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Based on a mixture of polymers and protective
additives

Formation of a cross linked and voluminous coating

Strong activation of fines and additives from the
pulp

Improved heat transfer

Especially suitable for waste paper

XXXVI. recommendation of the BgVV; FDA, 21
CFR Ch.I
COTAC 2001 H
C
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Thermoplastic coating agent

Low adhesion to the paper web

High elasticity of films

Suitable for temperatures in use of about 160C

COTAC MODIFIER
COTAC 105 C
COTAC 203 P
COTAC 115 C
COTAC 207 P


COTAC 225 C
COTAC 237 C
COTAC 444 P
COTAC 460 P
Cotac H:
News regarding old products
Segment Cost effective Technological Premium environmental
25er range Cotac 3225H Cotac 25H Cotac 45H
27er Range Cotac 3207H Cotac 27H Cotac 47H
33er Range Cotac 3169H Cotac 33H Cotac 39H
Service intensity low medium high
The products of the cost effective and technological range have
stand the test of time. From the premium environmental range,
only Cotac 39H is currently running. There was so far no
demand for Cotac 45H and Cotac 47H.
Note: This range has extremely reduced DCP- and MCPD-
values.
Cotac H:
FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
A new product is currently not developed. With our existing
spectrum of base coating products we have a comprehensive
program which completely fulfills all requirements for an
optimum cylinder coating.

Nevertheless we are constantly screening new classes of
substances. As an example we tested the application of
renewable alginates.

Apart from the technical performance, other factors such as
disposability of the raw materials, prices, approvals of
international formalities (e.g. FDA) play an important role.
Product Group Cotac C and Cotac P
---------------------------------------
Cotac 105C
Cotac 115C
Cotac 125C
Cotac 135C

Cotac 203P
Cotac 207P
Cotac 237P
Cotac 257P
Cotac 500P
Cotac 600P new
Cotac 650P new

Cotac 444P
Cotac 450P
Cotac 460P
Description and Experience
with new Products
PRODUCT: COTAC 600P
Description: Coating modifier based on a highly cationic, non
reactive polymer. Advantage: Increased wet
adhesion at the pick up of the paper web from the
suction press roll.
Experience: The product was tested many times and is now
constantly applied at several customers. In
combination with Cotac 3169H or Cotac 33H, an
extraordinary tissue softness is achieved.

Customer: Delicarta, THP, SHP, Ghori, Poland, Renova,
Fripa, Wepa, Kartogroup Germany

Outlook: Perfect product performance. Unfortunately, the
dosage quantities are relatively low, between
10 and 30 ml/min at a machine of 1500 m/min.


Product: COTAC 650P

Description: Coating Modifier

Advantage: - Increase of adhesion between paper web
and Yankee
- Increased wet tack, thus possible
application also at wet crepe
- Improved cylinder protection by the
formation of a thick coating

Experience: Werra Papier, Kartogroup France

Customer: So far no customer

Outlook: We need to carry out further tests and gain
experience with this product

Cotac C and Cotac P:
News regarding old products
COTAC 257P:
Description: Base coating modifier based on PVAl and
additives for the formation of a voluminous, soft and
very uniform coating, especially at variations of the
moisture profil
Remarks: The product has found its first customer at the Wepa in
Mschede. The modifier equalizes the formerly streaky
base coating so that a uniform coating is formed at the
cylinder.
Cotac 500P:
Description: Base coating modifier based on
polyvinylpyrrolidon. Advantage:
- Increase of wet adhesion of base coating
- uniform coating
Remarks: The product is ready to be tested
Cotac C and Cotac P:
FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
Cotac 145C:
Description: Aqueous solution of a polyphosphonate

Advantages: - Increased service life of blades
- Less grinding intervals at the Yankee

Cotac 300P:
Description: Anionic modifier based on an aqueous polyacryl
acid solution

Advantages: - Softening the base coating
- Coating formation
- Reduced adhesion




Product Group Release Agents
-----------------------------------------
Release Agent 38
Release Agent 42
Release Agent 44 DC new
Release Agent 54
Release Agent 544
Release Agent 56
Release Agent 564
Release Agent 60
Release Agent 80 new






Description and Experience with new
Products
PRODUCT: RELEASE AGENT 44 DC

Description: Synthetic Release Agent, easy biodegradable

Advantage: - strong release effect
- reduced dust formation

Experience: Trials showed a slight increase in softness of the
produced tissue

Customers: Mets Tissue Stotzheim, KC Reisholz, Renova

Outlook: The product can be applied if a strong releasing
effect is requested.

PRODUCT: RELEASE AGENT 80

DESCRIPTION: The product is a stable, aqueous solution based on a
combination of anti-abrasive wear and paper repellent
agents. The product does not contain any preservatives.

Advantages: The product does not contain mineral oils thus the raw
materials costs are quite low. Furthermore the CSB is
low compared to conventional Release Agents.

Experience: So far not tested. Trials are planned at Tela-Kimberly,
Werra-Papier, Van Houtum, Hogly Kimberly

Outlook: If the good releasing properties also stand the practical
test, this product would provide an opportunity to get rid
of the constantly increasing prices for mineral oils. This
would considerably increase our benefits in the product
range of Release Agents.

COTAC 115C
After Grinding And Metallisation
The application of COTAC 115C
Longer intervals between grinds
Compensation of surface defects
gives a long term cylinder protection
COTAC 115C is composed of passivating
additives based on phosphates which form both
protective and corrosion inhibiting properties
increases the blade lifetime
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makes the base coating softer and
voluminous

modifies the adhesive properties
Recommendation for the phosphating after cylinder coating and
grinding (Yankee)

Motivation:
1. After the grinding of the cylinder, the cylinder surface is not completely
cured. At insufficient cylinder protection, there will be an inhomogeneous
post-curing over the complete cylinder width when restarting the
machine due to the temperature exposition at the cylinder surface
caused by the blade.

2. In the initial phase, the cylinder surface has not yet reached its final
hardness and is thus especially susceptible to mechanical abrasion. At
alloyed surfaces, complete particles can be erased at worst.

3. In the beginning, the thickness of the coated cylinder surface has not
reached its maximum value. The lattice energy of the surface atoms has
not yet reached its lowest enthalphy value. The surface valences are not
totally saturated. Thus the atoms are susceptible to chemical corrosion
caused by water, by the electrolytes of the paper web and of the spray
water as well as by atmospheric oxygen.
Advantages:

1. COTAC 115C applies a soft coat onto the new cylinder
surface.
COTAC 115 C chemically bonds to the free iron ions or
unsaturated valences at the coating surface. Thus
chemical corrosion is reduced.

2. Due to the formation of a phosphate layer, the free heat
energy from the blade is spread evenly over the cylinder
width.

3. The calcium content charged from hard spray water is
chemically bonded to calcium phosphate. Thus there is no
formation of calcium carbonate, an abrasive agent that
may damage the still relatively soft cylinder layer.
Recommended procedure when restarting the machine:
1. Cotac 115 C is applied 10 minutes before placing the blade with the enclosed
calculation of the dosage quantities.
2. The common application of the coating chemicals Cotac H and Release Agent is
done 5 minutes before placing the blade.
3. In general, Cotac 115 C is applied at least for one week. Furthermore we consider
to apply Cotac 115 C continuously further on because apart from the protective
characteristics described, positive effects for the coating can be achieved as well.
As already mentioned, calcium ions are bond to phosphates:
- Calcium ions do form lime at a certain input of carbonates; lime in turn
has a reduced heat transfer. It is thus possible to take better advantage
from the drying capacity of the cylinder and the coating has a higher adhesion.
- Furthermore the occupation of the carboxylate groups of the cellulose from the
paper web is inhibited. The free access of the carboxylate groups by the
functional groups of the polymers from the adhesive agents Cotac H is essential
for the formation of a chemical bonding and thus for the adhesion.
4. The dosage of our coating chemicals during the application period of Cotac 115 C
and after the application of Cotac 115 C has to be adjusted, if necessary. In
general, there is too much adhesion which can be compensated by increasing the
dosage of Release Agent.
The necessary dosage quantity of Cotac 115 C for sufficient protection is
calculated as follows:
B * v
D = -----------
k

with: Dosage quantity Cotac 115 C : D [l/h]
Spray width cylinder: B [m]
Cylinder speed: v [m/min]
Constant: k [m/l] : = 4277 [m/l]

Calculation example:

Spray width: 3.5 m
Cylinder speed: 1500 m/min

The calculated dosage quantity for Cotac 115 C is as follows:

3.5 [m] * 1500 [m/min]
D = ------------------------ = 1.23 [l/h]
4277 [m/l]

CYLINDER WEAR
COTAC 460P
COTAC 460P is based on anticorrosive components which
form a protective, liquid film at the cylinder edge, and on
emulsifiers which have a cleaning effect.
Yankee-Edge Treatment
Advantages when applying COTAC 460P:
Prevention of burning on fibre material
Protection against corrosion
Reduced grinding frequency
Minimisation of breaks
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WATER
SPRAYBOOM
PAPER WEB
2 3 bar
0,5 2 l/h
Trim
Exact position of the spray nozzles
Cotac 460 P
Trim
Type of nozzle: 11001
Inline Dosage
COTAC 460 P EDGE SPRAYING
Simple and Effective Control

Our RELEASE AGENTS are applied to control
the cylinder coating
the adhesion to the paper web

Thus it is possible to react on different system
parameters, e.g. different furnish
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RELEASE-EFFECT
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+
+
+
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_
_
_
_
_
Cylinder Coating Paper Web
Adhesion
Release
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RELEASE AGENT 38
RELEASE AGENT 42
RELEASE AGENT 54
RELEASE AGENT 56
RELEASE AGENT 58
RELEASE AGENT 544
RELEASE AGENT 564
RELEASE AGENT 42
Runnability
Control of Adhesion
Lubrication of Blade
Renewable raw materials
Application Advantages
=
=
=
=
Control of Stretch
Increased blade life-time
Sustainable
Control of Crepe
Recommendation XXXVI BgVV, FDA (21.CFR, Ch.I)
Easy biodegradable
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PETROFER-SPRAY SYSTEMS
To optimise the performance of
our coating chemicals we have
developed a specialised spray
system.

The combination guarantees
to fully profit from the
technology of our COATING
chemicals
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ADVANTAGES OF THE
PETROFER-SPRAY SYSTEM
Transportable
Easy to set-up
Cost effective
Homogeneous application
User friendly
Safe and reliable
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Points For Discussion
Coating
Profile
Turnover
Time

Boom
Oscillation
Reaction
Time
Spray
Overlap
Mixed
Efficiency
Water
Quality
Spray
Pressure
Emulsion
Temperature
Boom
Diameter
Recirculation
Edge Control
Of Coating
Nozzle Size
& Design
Application
Point
Distance to
Nip

Staggered
Nozzles

Emulsion
Stability
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Residence time of coating chemicals in different spray systems
Points for Discussion:
Emulsification Homogenisation Pre-reaction
Dosage control Slime formation
Coating Quantity
Inline-Dosage
Petrofer-Spray System
Time
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COATING QUESTIONNAIRE
Customer ____________________ Address _______________________________ Date ________

1. Problems at the tissue production _________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Application target ______________________________________________________________________________________
3. Yankee-machine Type ___________ Speed __________
Cylinder temperature ___________ Cylinder pressure __________
Hood temperature ___________ Creping factor __________
Productivity ___________ Suction pressure __________
Metal-Coating ___________ Roughness __________
4. Blade Type ___________ Blade-life __________
Angle ___________
5. Coating Applied chemicals / Consumption __________ __________ _________ __________
Dust/ Instable sheet threading/ Moisture profile/ Breaks __________________________________
6. Edge treatment Applied chemicals / Consumption __________ _________
7. Spray equipment Type ___________ Spray nozzle ___________
8. Spray water Temperature ___________ Spray pressure ___________
Water hardness ___________ Conductivity ___________
Bacteria ___________ Yeast / Fungi ___________
9. Furnish Pulp / Waste paper ___________________________________________________________
Refining degree ___________ Bleaching ___________
pH ___________
10. Wet end chemicals/ Defoamer ___________ Softener ___________
Consumption: Wet strength agent ___________ Phosphate ___________
11. Wire/ Felt Type ___________ Condition ____________
12. Tissue after creping Moisture ___________ Stretch ___________
Basis weight ___________ Thickness ___________
Strength ___________

CONSUMPTION OF COATING ADDITIVES
Speed v = 1000 m/min
Basis weight/ Paper m = 16 g/m
Paper-width W = 5 m
Dosage COTAC 27 H = 3 kg/h


Area/h = W x v x 60 = 300 000 m/h


Dosage COTAC 27 H
COTAC thickness of layer = -------------------------------------- = 0.01 m
(theoretical value without covered area
action of blade)

As comparison: aluminium foil 10 m
pine fibre 25-69 m
Calculation of layer-thickness
Possible calculation
Softener for the surface
Softlayer X
Softener for the bulk
Softlayer XX




Product Description
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High efficient softener for the paper surface
Water-based
Low viscous
Conductive
With special additives e.g.vitamin E
XXXVI. Recommendation of BgVV

e.g. rotor dumper
Parameters of influence:
Viscosity
Droplet size
Spray nebulization
Conductivity
Control of application
Product Description
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High efficient softener for the tissue surface
Easy dosage
Emulsifiable
Non-ionogenic
XXXVI. recommendation of BgVV



Parameters of influence:
pH
Hold time and stock temperature
Water hardness
Conductivity
Total Alkalinity
Free chlorine
Interaction with dry strength
Interaction with Yankee coating chemicals
SOFTLAYER 44
APPLICATION
SOFTLAYER 44
DISTANCE: 20-25 cm
NOZZLE ANGLE: 110
INLINE DOSAGE
WATER

-PRESSURE: 1 bar/ m SPRAYBOOM
-QUALITY
-APPEARANCE: CLEAR, COLOURLESS
-pH: 6-8
-WATERHARDNESS: < 20dH
-CONDUCTIVITY/20C; < 500 S
SPRAYBOOM
Tail tie glue for toilet paper
COTAC 69 E
High wet adhesion
Low dry adhesion
Water soluble
At the tissue production, the plies are embossed
in order to achieve a stable structure. During the
embossing process, the tissue passes through a
press nip with elevations and grooves, which are
polluted from the dusty paper.
Prgewalzl 10 D
Prevents the pollution of rolls
Increases the service life of embossing rolls
Neutralises odour by means of deodorants
Corresponds to the XXXVI. Recommendation
of BgVV
Slitting Agent for tissue converting
Grinding Agent for blades
TREATMENT OF
MG-CYLINDER
Our Release Agents are
applied to keep MG-
cylinders clean.

COTAC 444 P is used
to form a liquid,
protective film on the
cylinder.
Additive for increasing
the internal bond strenght
of cardboard
Maschine-speed: 144 m/ min
Maschine-width: 3 m
Basis weight: 150 g/ m
single-layer

Line forces: 70 kN
Vacuum SPR: -0,6 bar
Quantities: 2-4 l/ min Cotac Bond at
a waterflow of 300 l/min
Field-test-result
1,5
1,75
2
2,25
2,5
2,75
3
0 1 2 3 4 5
burst [bar]
dosage [l/t]
0
1,5 2
4
2,5
3
3,5
4
4,5
5
0 1 2 3 4 5
tensile CD [km]
dosage [l/t]
0
1,5
2
4
5
7
9
11
13
15
0 1 2 3 4 5
tensile MD [km]
dosage [l/t]
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
0 1 2 3 4 5
RCT [kNm]
dosage [l/t]
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
0 1 2 3 4 5
CMT [N]
dosage [l/t]
Maschine speed: 650 m/ min
Basis weight: 140 g/ m
multi-layer

Quantities: 0-80 l/h Cotac Bond at a
waterflow of 2100 l/h
Field-test results
100
125
150
175
200
0 20 40 60 80 100
Internal bond strength [N]
Dosage [l/h]
WATER
SPRAYBOOM
CARDBOARD LAYER
- Maschine type:
- single or multiple Fourdrinier

- Furnish:
- chemical pulp
- wood pulp
- waste paper (DIP quality)

- Paper dry-content:
- minimum 12%
Application
Presented by Germany

Thomas Brandenburger

Enclosure
WRMEWIDERSTAND VON
TROCKENZYLINDERN



CONDENSATE HEATER




CONDENSATE HEATER





DESIGN OF INTERNAL GROOVES
Example: Grammage: 18 g/m
Machine width: 3,5 m
Yankee speed: 1500 m/min
Pope reeler speed:
1200 m/min 1230 m/min
Yankee based % crepe 20 %
18 %
Production 1200 m/min x 3,5 m x 18 g/m x 60 min 1230 m/min x 3,5 m x 18 g/m x 60 min
= 4,536 t/h = 4,649 t/h
:
= 0,113 t/h
= 2,712 t/d
= 82,716 t/m
= 992,596 t/a
Sheet Softness Stretch
Crepe Profile
Basis Weight
Profile
Tensile

Sheet
Absorbency

Dry Strength
Moisture
Content
of Paper
Crepe
Wet Strength
Bulk
Method 2: Pope reeler based Method 1: Yankee based
Yankee speed pope reeler speed
x 100
Yankee speed
Yankee speed pope reeler speed
x 100
pope reeler speed
Example: Example:
1500 m/min - 1200 m/min
x 100
1500m/min
1500 m/min - 1200 m/min
x 100
1200m/min
= 20 %crepe
= 25% crepe
Geschw. Zylinder 1500 m/min Geschw. Umroller 1200 m/min
Press Section
Headbox
Profile
Control
Couch Design
Fourdrinier
Dewatering
Felt Cleaning
Practices
% Moisture
at Pressure
Roll Nip
% Moisture
at Crepe Blade
I.R. Drying

Pressure Roll
Design

Breast Roll
Design
Steam Shower

Moisture Content And Moisture Control
Web
Conditions
Notes For Discussion
Spray Equipment
- Insufficient maintenance
- Typical problems
Coating
- How to recognise coating problems
- Coating can not be built, blow-off of paper web
- The correct product combination is necessary
- Uneven coating profile
- High dust formation
Problems, problem analysis
- Random breaks / breaks at the edges
- Porosity and pin-holes in the sheet
- Black stripes
- Problems of ply adhesionin the converting process
Blade
- High blade wear at high application of chemicals
- Increase of coating softness
Funktionale Chemikalien
(Qualittsrelevante Zusatzstoffe)
Streichfarben-
Binder
Leimungsmittel
Verfestiger
Bleichchemikalien
Farbstoffe, optische Aufheller
1%
1%
1%
5%
Prozesschemikalien
(Verfahrenstechnische Zusatzstoffe)
Biocide
Dispergier-
Reinigungsmittel
Schaumverhter,
Entlfter
Retentions-,
Fixier- und
Flockungsmittel
50%
25%
8%
6%
3%
8%
Anteil der Chemischen Additivgruppen am weltweiten Gesamteinsatz der
Papierrohstoffe in 1999 2
Zellstoff
Holzstoff
Altpapier
Pigmente
Fllstoffe
Synthet.
Additive
Al-Verb.
Strke
1,0%
0,5%
1,5%
Chemische
Additive
43%
11%
35%
11%
3%
Anteil der Chemischen Additive am weltweiten Verbrauch der
Papierrohstoffe in 1999 1
Produktion von Papier- und Pappewaren nach Sortenanteil
in Deutschland 1997 in % (insgesamt 7955 Kt)
46,9
5,4
16,0
18,2
Wellpapier, Wellpappe
und
Wellpappeerzeugnisse
Sonstige
Papier- und
Pappewaren
Tapeten
Haushalts- und
Hygieneartikel
Hartpapierwaren
Etiketten
Verpackungen
aus Vollpappe
Papierscke
Briefumschlge und
Papierausstattungen
3,3
2,2
3,8
2,3
2,2
Sortenspezifischer Gebrauch von Papier und Pappe
in Deutschland pro Kopf 1998 in kg / (c.a)
102,6 kg/c.a
11,4 %
13,7 %
Druck- und
Pressepapier
Technik- und
Spezialpapiere
Verpackungspapiere
und Pappe
13,7 %
77,7 %
Hygienepapier
Zeitungsdruckpapiere