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Natural Disasters

Jill Brookes
Saks Elementary
Calhoun County Schools Technology Integration Project 2005

Types of Natural Disasters

Tornadoes
Hurricanes
Earthquakes
Volcanoes
Floods
Tsunamis
Winter Storms
Wildfires

Tornadoes

Rotating, funnel-shaped clouds from powerful


thunderstorms
Winds up to 300 MPH capable of producing major damage
More occur in the United States than anywhere else in the
world; they occur in every state in America.
Related Websites:
FEMA for Kids
National Geographic: Natures Fury
Scholastic Weather Watch
National Geographic: Tornado Chasers

Tornado Preparation

Visit this website for tornado safety


tips for home, school, outdoors, mobile
homes, and large buildings.
National Weather Service: Tornado!

Effects of Tornadoes in Alabama

Tuscaloosa County: December 16, 2000

Hurricanes

Massive severe storms occurring in the tropics


Winds greater than 75 MPH
Clouds & winds spin around the eye
Produce heavy rains, high winds, large waves, and
spin-off tornadoes
Related Websites:
NOAA: Hurricanes
Tropical Twisters
National Geographic Kids Hurricane!
BrainPop movie

Hurricane Preparations

Visit this website to learn more about


preparing for the effects of hurricanes
and tropical storms.
Hurricane Preparedness for Kids

Effects of Alabama Hurricanes

Hurricane Frederick - 1979

Hurricane Ivan 2005

Earthquakes

Shaking caused by movements of plates in the


earths crust
Occur along faults borders between two
plates
Occur most often along the Ring of Fire
Related Websites:
National Geographic: Earthquakes
Exploratorium Faultline Project
USGS: Earthquakes for Kids

Preparing for Earthquakes

Visit this site to learn more about


earthquakes. Scroll down through the page
to discover valuable tips for earthquake
safety.
Weather Wiz Kids: Earthquakes

Volcanoes

More than 500 active volcanoes in the world; over


half in the Ring of Fire
Pressure builds below the earths surface
producing eruptions of lava, rock, and volcanic
gases
Related Websites:
National Geographic Kids Volcano!
Build a Volcano Activity
Volcano World Virtual Field Trips

Preparing for a Volcano

Visit this site for safety tips before,


during, and after a volcano.
Weather Wiz Kids: Volcano Safety

Floods

Result from heavy rains


May involve rivers overflowing, storm
surge/ocean waves, & dams or levees breaking
Most common natural hazard
Flashfloods = floods that happen very fast
Related websites:
PBS: In Focus Floods!
How TVA Stops Floods
Nova Hot Science: The Rivers Gift

Flood Preparations

Visit this site to learn more about


floods, and scroll down to discover
important flood safety tips.

Weather Wiz Kids Rain and Floods

Tsunamis

Form as a result of earthquakes, volcanoes, or


landsides under the ocean
Waves grow taller as they reach the coast
Four out of Five occur in the Ring of Fire
Over 200,000 people killed in the 12/26/05 Indian
Ocean tsunami
Related Websites:
National Geographic Kids Killer Wave!
Pacific Tsunami Museum Student Corner
PBS Savage Earth: Tsunamis

Tsunami Preparedness

Visit this website for important tips for


surviving a tsunami.
FEMA Hazards Fact Sheets: Tsunami

Effects of Tsunamis
Indian Ocean Tsunami December 26, 2005

Winter Storms

May include snow, ice storms, sleet, freezing rain,


and extremely cold temperatures
Most deaths occur in automobiles
Storms may cause widespread power outages
Related Websites:
National Weather Service: Winter Storms
Risk Watch: Severe Winter Storms
Scholastic Winter Storms

Winter Storm Preparations

Visit these sites for tips on how to


prepare for a winter storm.
CDC: Winter Storm Facts
Winter Storm Fact Sheet

Wildfires

Occur in forests, grasslands, and wooded areas


Most common causes: lightning and human
accidents
Burn more than 4 million acres in the U.S. each
year
Related Websites:
Smokey Bear: Kids
National Geographic: Wildfires
Dialogue for Kids Wildfire Facts

Preparing for Wildfires

Visit this site to learn important tips


for protecting your family and home
during a wildfire.

Risk Watch: Wildfires

Assignment

Using what you have just learned, choose the


natural disaster that interests you the most.
Family Disaster Plan: Imagine that the disaster
you have chosen is about to strike your town.
How would your family prepare? Think about the
preparations that you could make to help protect
your family. Write an expository paragraph
explaining the steps you would take to prepare
for the disaster.
Disaster Supply Kit: Think about the materials
and supplies that would help your family survive a
natural disaster. On your big paper, draw and
label the contents of a good disaster supply kit.