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BAGIAN 1: THE PROFESSION

Bab 1: The profession of Engineering


1.1 What is an Engineer?
1.2 Fields of Engineer
1.3 What does the Engineer Do?
1.4 How does One Prepare to Become an
Engineer?
1.5 Engineering as a Profession
1.6 Challenges for the Future

The Profession of Engineering


pola Darwinian: adaptasi thd perubahan
lingkungan atau musnah
manusialah yang mampu memodifikasi
lingkungan , mengadaptasikan untuk
memenuhi kebutuhannya
perlu alat bantu : alat potong, tuas, dll
tumbuh suatu peradaban (civilization)

Tumbuhnya Peradaban
bertambahnya kebutuhan , daya dukung
alam semakin berkurang
timbul problematika kehidupan
perlu ilmu pengetahuan & teknologi
ketergantungan terhadap engineering
di era modern persoalan engineering tidak
hanya melibatkan IPTEK, aspek sospol.

1.1 What is an engineer?


2000 SM, alat pendobrak Ingenium, pasukan pembawa alat
ingeniator, engineer.
ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology):
Engineering adalah profesi yang mana ada suatu pengetahuan
tentang matematika dan ilmu pengetahuan alam yang dicapai
melalui studi, pengalaman, dan praktek yang diterapkan dengan
pertimbangan untuk mengembangkan cara-cara pemakaian yang
ekonomis terhadap bahan-bahan dan gaya-gaya sumber alam untuk
manfaat umat manusia
Engineer adalah orang yang berdasarkan alasan dari pengetahuannya
yang khusus dan penggunaan matematika, fisika, dan ilmu
pengetahuan keteknikan dan prinsip-prinsip dan metode analisis
keteknikan dan desain, yang dicapai melalui pendidikan dan
pengalaman, yang teruji terhadap praktek keteknikan.

The Engineering Team

The Scientist
The Engineer
The Engineering Technician

The Engineering Technologist

The Craftsman

1.2 Fields of Engineering


The Four Traditional Disciplines:

Civil
Mechanical
Chemical
Electrical

Specialized Fields:
Atmospheric & Oceanographic
Architectural
Environmental
Transportation
Sanatary & Water Resources
Bioengineering
Biomedical

Specialized Fields:
Industrial
Manufacturing
Materials
Metallurgical
Automotive
Aerospace
Marine

Specialized Fields:
Computer
Systems
Mining
Nuclear
Petroleum
Agricultural

1.3 What does the Engineer Do?

Engineer

Research
Development
Design
Other

Production
Construction
Project
Operation

Testing
Sales
Management
Consulting
Teaching

1.4 How does One Prepare to Become


an Engineer?
Masuk ke Jurusan Teknik yang diminati
Mengikuti Kurikulum yang ada
S1 Teknik >= 144 SKS

di
Indonesia

Ekstensi

Ekstensi

Politeknik

D3

D2
D1

SMA IPA / SMK

1.4.5 Postgraduate Education


Research Expertise
S3

to adapt to a world
changing demands

S2

Minimum Requirement
Engineering
Professional
Practice

S1

Reading, Discussions with colleagues, Technical meetings or workshops

1.5 Engineering as a Profession

Several Important Characteristics of Profession:


1. It satisfies an indispensable and beneficial social need.
2. It requires the exercise of discretion and judgment and is
not subject to standarization.
3. It involves an activity conducted on high intelectual plane
with knowlege and skills not common to general public.
4. It has an objective the promotion of knowledge and
professional ideals for rendering social services.
5. It has a legal status and requires well-formulated
standards of admission.

1.5.1 Professional Ethics

Society: Clients, Employers, General Public

Engineer
Respect, Trust, Integrity

Code of Professional Ethics Code of Ethics of Engineers

CODE OF ETHICS OF ENGINEERS


THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
Engineers uphold and advance the integrity, honor and dignity of the engineering
profession by:

I. using their knowledge and skill for the


enhancement of human welfare;
II. being honest and impartial, and serving with
fidelity the public, their employers and clients;
III. striving to increase the competence and
prestige of engineering profession; and
IV. supporting the professional and technical
societies of their disciplines.

THE FUNDAMENTAL CANONS


1. Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the
public in the performance of their professional duties.
2. Engineers shall perform services only in the areas of their their
competence.
3. Engineers shall issue public statements only in an objective and
truthful manner.
4. Engineers shall act in professional matters of each employer or client
as faithful agents or trustees, and shall avoid conflicts of interest.
5. Engineers shall build their professional reputation on the merit of
their sercvices and shall not compete unfairly with others.
6. Engineers shall act in such a manner as to uphold and enhance the
honor, integrity and dignity of the profession.
7. Engineers shall continue their professional throughout their careers
and shall provide opportunities for the professional development
of those engineers under their supervision.

KODE ETIK INSINYUR


PRINSIP-PRINSIP DASAR
Insinyur menjunjung tinggi dan mendahulukan kejujuran, kehormatan, dan
martabat profesi keinsinyuran melalui:

I. menggunakan pengetahuan dan keahliannya


untuk mencapai kesejahteraan umat
manusia;
II. jujur dan tidak memihak, dan melayani
dengan kesetiaan (kebenaran) terhadap
masyarakat, majikan, dan rekanan;
III. berusaha keras meningkatan keahlian
(kompetensi) dan harga diri profesi
keinsinyuran; dan
IV. mendukung masyarakat keprofesian dan
keteknikan pada bidangnya.

ATURAN ATURAN DASAR


1. Insinyur wajib mengutamakan keamanan, kesehatan, dan kesejahteraan
masyarakat dalam unjuk kerja dari tugas-tugas keprofesiannya.
2. Insinyur wajib mengerjakan pelayanan hanya dalam bidang keahliannya.
3. Insinyur wajib mengeluarkan pernyataan-pernyataan ke masyarakat hanya
dalam persoalan yang bersifat objektiv dan benar.
4. Insinyur wajib melakukan hal-hal yang berkaitan dengan keprofesian
sebagai agen (perantara) atau badan yang dapat dipercaya untuk setiap
majikannya atau rekanannya, dan wajib menghindari konflik kepentingan.
5. Insinyur wajib membangun reputasi keprofesiannya dalam pelayanannya
dan dilarang bersaing secara tidak jujur dengan insinyur-insinyur yang
lain.
6. Insinyur wajib melakukan hal-hal yang menjunjung tinggi dan mencapai
kehormatan, kejujuran dan martabat profesi.
7. Insinyur wajib secara terus menerus mengembangkan profesi melalui
kariernya dan wajib memberikan kesempatan untuk pengembangan
profesi pada insinyur-insinyur yang dibawah bimbingannya.

1.6 Challenges for the Future


Modern Engineer

World of Change

Energy crisis
& food
Increasing Population
&
The Threatening Nature of our Activities

International
Conflict

natural environment
& pollution

Integrated Solution

Political

Economic
Engineering
&
Technology

Social