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DC MOTOR CONTROLFOR REDUCING SENSITIVTY TO LOAD DISTURBANCES PRESENTED BY SAURABH MISHRA-14094301 (PESC) - CSD PRESENTATION
DC MOTOR CONTROLFOR
REDUCING SENSITIVTY TO LOAD
DISTURBANCES
PRESENTED BY
SAURABH MISHRA-14094301
(PESC)
-
CSD PRESENTATION
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CONTENTS

  • Introduction

  • Objective

  • Boiler Plant

  • Model Of The Boiler

  • Fuzzy Logic

  • Simulation Results

  • Conclusion

  • References

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INTRODUCTION

  • DC motors are the important machine in many control systems

such as domestic electrical systems, vehicles, trains and process control.

  • It is well represented in the mathematical model as a crucial aspect

for a control system design.

  • DC motor provide excellent control of speed for acceleration and deceleration.

  • Here we design of different control schemes for DC motor at steps

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which included speed characteristic of the DC motor structure and the mathematical model and simulation of stability response for

speed control of DC motor control system.

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OBJECTIVE

  • Control of Dc motor speed from different methods.

  • To make the DC motor Less sensitivity to the load disturbances.

  • To compare the results of different Controlling Technique

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L . MODELLING OF DC MOTOR  Mechanical equation:  Applying kvl ,  Electrical equation:
L
.
MODELLING OF DC MOTOR
Mechanical equation:
Applying kvl ,
Electrical equation:
By applying KVL
J
b
= Ki
+
By applying laplace
transformation,
By applying Laplace
transformation, armature
current is given by
Js 2 θ(s)+bsθ(s)=KI(s)
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MODELLING OF DC MOTOR CONT. Simplified Model of DC motor CSD PRESENTATION 6
MODELLING OF DC MOTOR CONT.
Simplified Model of DC motor
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CONTROLLING SCHEMES

  • Here we are using three major techniques for tracking set point commands and and suppressing sensitivity of load disturbances, they are

1.Feed Forward Control

2.Integral Feedback Control 3.LQR regulation

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FEEDFORWARD CONTROL  It is open loop controlling techinque.  Here in this technique we cascade
FEEDFORWARD CONTROL
It is open loop controlling techinque.
Here in this technique we cascade the DC
model with a constant gain Kff
Where kff is reciprocal of dcgain of DC model.
Fig.3 Block Diagram FeedForward Controller
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FEEDFORWARD CONTROL Fig.4 simulink model Fig.5 Experimental Result CSD PRESENTATION 9
FEEDFORWARD CONTROL
Fig.4 simulink model
Fig.5 Experimental Result
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INTEGRAL FEEDBACK CONTROLLER  It is a closed loop controlling technique, where output signal is fed
INTEGRAL FEEDBACK CONTROLLER
It is a closed loop controlling technique, where
output signal is fed to input.
The change in input signal and output signal is
fed to pi controller.
Here the value of ‘k’ is caluculated from rootlocus
for a z value ‘0.7’,
Fig.6 Block Diagram of Feed forward
controller
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INTEGRAL FEEDBACK CONTROLLER Fig.7 Simulink Model Fig.8 Experimental Result CSD PRESENTATION 11
INTEGRAL FEEDBACK CONTROLLER
Fig.7 Simulink Model
Fig.8 Experimental Result
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LQR Control  Linear quadratic Regulator Control is the state space analysis.  It is an
LQR Control
Linear quadratic Regulator Control is the state space analysis.
It is an optimal and robust technique for Multi Input Multi Output
(MIMO)control.
LQR controller always tries to minimize the performance index
and provide the optimised result
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LQR contd  The performance index is using  Linear solution we are getting in form
LQR contd
The performance index is
using
Linear solution we are getting in form of
find from the equation
u=-Kx where K we will
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LQR Contd.  It is also closed loop controlling technique.  Similar to PI controller here
LQR Contd.
It is also closed loop controlling
technique.
Similar to PI controller here in
LQR uses integral error in
addition to that it uses state
vector x(i,w).
where i is armature current.
Fig.9 Block Diagram of LQR
Here the LQR gain is calculated
using Matlab.
Va=K1w/s+K2w+k3Ia
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LQR Contd. Fig.10 Simulink Model Fig.11 Experimental Result CSD PRESENTATION 15
LQR Contd.
Fig.10 Simulink Model
Fig.11 Experimental Result
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COMPARISIONS Fig.11 Comparing Three Controlling Schemes CSD PRESENTATION 16
COMPARISIONS
Fig.11 Comparing Three Controlling Schemes
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CONCLUSION

  • LQR control reduces the motor sensitivity to load disturbances

significantly

  • LQR control is mainly focused for Industry purpose because it is an cost efficient method

  • LQR control is used where improved control of motor speed is required.

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REFERNCES

  • www.mathworks.in

  • Norman and Nise.6 th ED.

  • Santana, J., J.L. Naredo, F. Sandoval, I. Grout and O.J. Argueta, 2002. Simulation and Construction of Speed

  • Abdulrahman, A.A. Emhemed and Rosbi Bin Mamat, 2012. Modelling and Simulation for Industrial DC Motor

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THANK YOU

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