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SYNOPSIS ON

TEMPERATURE
CONTROL FAN
SPEED
EASYELECTRONICS
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TEMPERATURE CONTROL FAN


SPEED REGULATOR Prototype
Description:
This project is design for the student to make them
understand the technology used in a temperature control fan
speed regulator, which is used to control the speed of fan.
Speed of a fan is controlled according to the temperature of
the room.

Projects summary:
In this project we try to give the Idea of prototype of a speed
regulator. We are using micro controller AT89C51 and temperature
sensor chip DS1820 for controlling the speed of a fan. There is a
steeper motor for showing the speed of the fan.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION


The Temperature Controlled Fan is designed around the microcontroller. The main blocks of the system are
Micro-controller board: It is a low-power, high-performance
CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 4K bytes of Flash Programmable
and Erasable Read Only Memory PEROM). The device is
manufactured using Atmels high-density nonvolatile memory
technology and is compatible with the MCS-51. Instruction set
and pin out. The on chip Flash allows the program memory to be
reprogrammed in-system or by a conventional nonvolatile
memory programmer. By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU with
Flash on a monolithic chip, it provides a highly flexible and cost
effective solution so many embedded control applications.

Temperature Sensor Block: The temperature sensed by using


LM 35. The output voltage of LM 35 varies in liner proportion
with the temperature. The sensitivity of LM 35 is 10 mV/0C.
For 1 0C output of LM35 is 10 mV. For 10 0C output of LM35 is
100 mV.
ADC Block: ADC means analog to digital converter. The output
of signal conditioning is in the analog form. But
Microprocessor requires input in digital form for this purpose
we have to use ADC. In this project we are using ADC 0808.
The reference voltage is +5 V. The resolution of ADC is 20 mV.
Therefore for 20 mV output of ADC is (01) H. And for 100 mV
output of ADC is (05) H.

Amplifier Block: Output signal from micro-controller 89C51 is


weak so we have to amplify that signal. Amplifier block
amplifies the signal for driving the final control element
i.e. output device. For amplification Transistor BC 547 is used.

Output Block: In this project we are using FAN as output


device. If temperature is above set point then Fan is ON so
that temperature will start to decrease

Display Block: In this project we are using 16 X 2 intelligent


LCD display to display the college name, temperature set point
and very important is temperature of Temperature
Controlled Fan.
Power Block: For our project we require + 5 Volt, 5 Volt and
+12 Volts supply. +5 Volts and. 5Volts is given to Microcontroller board, Temperature sensor, Signal conditioning,
ADC etc. +12 Volts are used to drive the relay.

COMPONENTS USED
Sr. no.

Component used

Quantity (no.s)

1.

AT89c51

2.

ULN2003

3.

Stepper Motor

4.

LED

5.

Resistances(10K)

6.

4.7K

7.

470 ohm

8.

33picofarad Ceramic Disk Capacitor

9.

Crystal Osci. (12 MHz)

10.

DS 1820

11.

Mini Switch

13.

Diode 1n4007

14.

IC Base

15.

Relinate (5 pin and 2 pin)

16.

Power chord

17.

Capacitor 100Microfarad/ 25v

18.

Capacitor 470 Microfarad / 25v

17.

Power IC 7805