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GALUNGAN DAN KUNINGAN

IT IS A CELEBRATION OF THE VICTORY


BETWEEN GOOD OVER EVIL. DHARMA
AGAINST ADHARMA

BALINESE HINDU PEOPLE

CELEBRATED EVERY 210


DAYS

ON GALUNGAN EACH HOUSES WILL HAVE PENJOR


DISPLAYED IN FRONT OF THEIR HOUSE ENTRANCE

Sugian Jawa & Sugian Bali


Sugian Jawa
Thursday , six days
before galungan
the Balinese make
offerings to purify
the universe.

Sugian Bali
Friday, Five days
before galungan
to purify
themselves

Penyekeban

spiritually it means to keep your mind


away from evil entities called Butha
Galungan.

When the day of penyekeban has


arrived, the fruits that will be used for
the Galungan offerings are stored in a
special place so that it will be ripe in
time for Galungan Day. Penyekeban is
derived from the Balinese
word nyekeb which means '(to) ripen
fruit'.

Penyajaan

literally it means making offering cookies; spiritually it


means to focus your mind (through meditation).
During Penyajaan Galungan special cakes (generally
referred to as jaja) are prepared which will be used for
the Galungan offerings.Penyajaan is derived from the
High Balinese word jaya which means 'glorious,
victorious'. Galunganmeans 'to make war, to fight'. In
combination Penyajaan Galungun therefore means, 'to be
victorious in the war' (against adharma). In a symbolic
sense Penyajaan Galungan is the time that the Balinese
Hindu's should be 'glorious and victorious' in respect
with their inner struggle against adharma so they will be
safe for the second symbolic temptation of the Kalatiganing Galungan (or Sang Kala Tiga) who descends this
day to earth as Sang Bhuta Dungulan.

Penampahan

a Balinese word which means


slaughter. Some people usually
slaughter pig as a symbol of laziness
and other bad habits and use the
meats for offerings given to the evil
entities so that they won't annoy the
harmony of the universe.

Galungan Day

the Balinese make offerings, decorate


their houses and temples, the whole
family is usually gathered and pray and
visit temples together. The most
noticeable characteristic of Galungan is a
decoration called penjor. Penjors are
large bamboo pols decorated with
coconut leaves, fruits, seeds, tubers, and
coconuts which represent the content of
nature and you'll se penjors raised
outside the Balinese homes.

Manis Galungan

The day after Galungan is


called Manis Galungan; it is a day to
remember the joy of Galungan,
Balinese usually go visiting their
relatives this day or spend time with
family.

KUNINGAN

The day ten days after Galungan is


called as Kuningan, and indicates the
end of Galungan celebrations.

GALUNGAN DAN
KUNINGAN
Galungan is celebrated to remind humans that
they should always fight the battle against bad
habit, evil desires and inappropriate behaviors.

Mandala