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Teknik Produksi Lanjut

PERENCANAAN DAN ANALISIS PRODUKSI


ARTIFICIAL LIFT WELLS

Gas Lift - Design

Pendekatan
Nodal System Analysis
Gas Lift
Perencanaan
Analisis Stability

Electric Submersible Pump


Perencanaan
Analisis Gas masuk ke Pompa

Sucker Rod Pump


Perencanaan
Analisa Beban
Analisis Gas masuk ke Pompa
Gas Lift - Design

GAS LIFT WELLS


Perencanaan

Gas Lift - Design

Pendekatan Pemahaman
Pemahaman Sistem
Tujuan Gas Lift
Sistem Sumur Gas Lift
Komponen-Komponen pada Sumur Gas Lift

Pemahaman Operasional
Kemampuan Produksi Sumur
Batasan-batasan Operasional
Pengaruh Batasan Operasional terhadap Desain

Pemahaman Desain Instalasi Sumur Gas


Lift
Gas Lift - Design

Pemahaman Sistem Gas Lift Well


Tujuan Gas Lift
Meningkatkan produksi sumur dengan :
mengurangi gradient tekanan aliran dalam tubing
dengan menambahkan gas pada tubing.
atau
membentuk kolom gas dalam tubing yang akan
mendorong kolom fluida dalam tubing

dengan mempertimbangkan kemampuan


lapisan produktif, kemampuan penampungan
produksi di lapangan, gas yang tersedia untuk
diinjeksikan serta kemampuan sarana injeksi
di permukaan dan dibawah permukaan
Gas Lift - Design

Sistem Sumur Gas Lift

Separator
Flow Line

Gas Injection Line

Compressor Subsystem
intake system
outlet system
choke
pressure gauge
injection rate metering

Wellhead Subsystem :
Production subsystem
wellhead
production choke
pressure gauge
Injection subsystem
injection choke

Separator Subsystem:
separator
manifold
pressure gauges
flow metering

Gas Lift Mandrells

Gas Injection Valve


Valve
Subsystem

Pt

Pc
Wellbore Subsystem:
perforation interval
tubing shoe
packer

Gas Lift - Design

ALL THE SUBSYSTEMS ARE


WELL CONNECTED
(INTEGRATED SYSTEM) 6

Parameter pada Sistem Gas Lift


Parameter Tekanan
Tekanan discharge compressor
Tekanan injeksi di wellhead

Paremeter Injection Rate


Laju injeksi gas

Paremeter Production Rate


Inflow Performance Relationship

Parameter pressure drop


Gas Lift - Design

Parameter pada Compressor


Horse Power
Compressor

Pintake

Pdischarge

Pinjection@wellhead

DPgas
Qgas

Qgas

Wellhead

Pinjection@wellhead=Pdischarge - DP

Separator

Compressor

Gas Lift - Design

Wellhead

Parameter pada Compressor


Tekanan intake :
Gas injeksi berasal dari separator atau dari
sumber gas yang lain

Laju Injeksi Gas


Horse Power Compressor
Tekanan discharge :
yang tergantung pada laju injeksi gas, Horse
Power Compressor, serta sifat fisika gas
injeksi
Gas Lift - Design

Parameter di Wellhead
Surface Injection
Pressure

Injection
Choke

Production
Choke

Wellhead
Pressure

Production Fluid
Gas Injection
Gas Lift - Design

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Parameter di Wellhead
Gas Injection Pressure di Wellhead atau
Surface Injection Pressure
Tekanan gas injeksi setelah sampai di
wellhead dari compressor
Fungsi dari sifat fisik gas, konfigurasi pipa gas
injeksi, dan temperatur aliran

Wellhead Pressure
Tekanan yang akan mengalirkan fluida
produksi ke separator
Gas Lift - Design

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Perhitungan DP Gas Injeksi


Persamaan Weymouth

Persamaan Panhandle

Gas Lift - Design

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Gas Lift Valve

Gas
Injeksi

Pc
Pc = Pt

Pt

Pc

Pt
Fluida
Produksi

Gas Lift - Design

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Gas Lift Valve

Gas
Injection

Tubing
Pressure

Close condition

Open condition

Gas Lift - Design

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Parameter pada Gas Lift Valve


Tekanan gas injeksi pada casing
Tekanan aliran fluida produksi dalam
tubing
Laju gas injeksi
Luas penampang port valve
Temperatur pada kedalaman valve

Gas Lift - Design

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Perhitungan Tekanan Gas Injeksi


pada kedalaman

Gas Lift - Design

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Parameter di Dasar Sumur


Pt = Pwf (dp/dz)(D-Dv)

(D Dv)

Pwf@QL
Gas Lift - Design

IPR
17

CHANGING
Reality (System)

Perception (Individual)

Is called innovation

Requires action
Is a challenge for a team
The process is continuous
Takes a long time
Delivers something new to the
system
Its impact is measurable and
certain
Project management is
required
The fuel is practical ideas and
useful suggestions
The role of consultant is to
cause action

Is called creativity

Requires thinking
Is a challenge for an individual
The process is discontinuous
Takes an instant
Envisions a new system

Its impact cannot be


measured
Brainstorming is required

The fuel is questions,

Gas Lift - Design

surprises, strange and


incomplete idea
The role of a consultant is to
encourage reflection
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Gas Lift Design


Penentuan Titik Injeksi

Gas Lift - Design

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Diagram Gas Lift Design


Pso

Pso = Pdis - DP

Titik
Injeksi

Dv
Pt = Pwf DP @ QL tertentu

Gas Liftwf
- Design

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APLIKASI NODAL SYSTEM ANALYSIS


PADA SUMUR GAS LIFT
Pwh

Q yang diinginkan makin tinggi


dibutuhkan penempatan titik
injeksi yang makin dalam

Titik
Injeksi

Tergantung Laju Produksi


yang diinginkan

D2
D1
D3

Pwf = Pr Q/J
P

Gas Liftwf
- Design

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P-surface injection
L = 5000 ft
Compressor

L = 6525 ft

d = 3.0 inch
Psep = 180 psi

d = 2 inch
T = 90 oF
P-discharge = 800 psi
GLR = 800 scf/stb
Well Depth = 7863 ft
D v= ?

dt = 2 7/8 inch (OD)


T = 105 oF

PEKERJAAN
RUMAH #1
GLR = 300 scf/stb
Pr = 1451.00 psi
PI = 2.5 stb/d/psi
WC = 50%
Gas Lift - Design

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Gas Lift - Design

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