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GROUP MEMBER
NOR ISMAWATI

NORAINI

NOOR ALENA

INTRODUCTION

Ibans are located in Sarawak, a small portion in


Sabah and some in west Malaysia
British as Sea Dayaks
Word Iban means man (mensia) same to Bahasa
Melayu- manusia
Headhunting
They live in longhouses called rumah panjang.modern

IBAN HOUSE

VIEW IBAN HOUSE

ACTIVITY
Activity
Activity -- farmers,
farmers, hunters,weaving
hunters,weaving and
and gatherers.
gatherers.

Especially
Especially planting
planting Padi
Padi Huma
Huma -can
-can get
get aa lot
lot of
of harvest,
harvest, he
he
was
was considered
considered rich
rich nomad
nomad tribe
tribe as
as having
having the
the highest
highest
Tanah
Adat
Bumiputera.
Tanah Adat Bumiputera.

Paddy
Paddy spirit
spirit

LANGUAGE
Iban
Iban languagelanguage- homogeneous
homogeneous language
language and
and just
just differ
differ in
in pronunciation,
pronunciation, intonation
intonation
and
terms
according
to
their
respective
areas.
and terms according to their respective areas.

vernacular
vernacular language
language at
at standard
standard 11 to
to 44 before
before the
the English
English language
language used
used at
at
standard
standard 55 and
and 66 (Asmah,
(Asmah, 1981)
1981) ..

Bahasa
Bahasa Iban
Iban is
is also
also offered
offered as
as one
one of
of the
the subjects
subjects in
in the
the Junior
Junior Certificate
Certificate
examination
Sarawak
since
it
began
in
1957.
(LCE),
(SRP),
(PMR),
examination Sarawak since it began in 1957. (LCE), (SRP), (PMR), SPM(2008)
SPM(2008) and
and is
is
now
also
offered
for
Penilaian
Tingkatan
3
(PT3).
Example
exam
paper.
now also offered for Penilaian Tingkatan 3 (PT3). Example exam paper.

In
In addition,
addition, the
the tertiary
tertiary level
level education
education is
is also
also offered
offered for
for the
the Iban
Iban language
language as
as in
in University
University
of
Malaya
(Pengajian
Asia),
Institut
Pengajian
Guru
(IPG)
Sarawak
Campus
and
and
of Malaya (Pengajian Asia), Institut Pengajian Guru (IPG) Sarawak Campus and and
Universiti
Universiti Pendidikan
Pendidikan Sultan
Sultan Idris.
Idris. Iban
Iban language
language is
is evolving
evolving ethnic
ethnic languages
languages in
in Malaysia
Malaysia
with
with aa rich
rich oral
oral literature.
literature.

FOOD & DRINK

TUAK BERAS
MADE FROM A RICE WINE
CALLED "BERAS PULUT".
THE RICE WILL BE SOAKED
WITH WATER IN A VESSEL
KNOWN AS "TAJAU". THE
PROCESS WILL TAKE AT
LEAST TWO WEEKS BEFORE
IT CAN BE DRUNK AND
RICE WILL ALSO BE A FOOD
CALLED NASI TAPAI
SERVE DURING HARI
GAWAI

Men clothes
LANJANG
hats decorated with feathers of peacocks or
verandah.
BAJU BURUNG.
is a kind of woven fabric that has a
checkered pattern and the pattern is very
pretty birds
TERABAI
SANGKUH
SIRAT
Dandong (kain selendang)
Dandong length is not fixed because the
fabric is used as a wrapper Dandong goods
offerings in certain ceremonies. Dandong is
made of a woven belt.

WOMEN DRESS
SUGU TINGGI made by tin
MARIK EMPANG made of beads arranged in a
pattern.
SELAYAH (BEDONG)
woven fabrics of a very long and deserve in the chest.
NGEPAN-Will be wrapped around the waist with the
rest made of lead and it looks like stacked coins
hanging

KAIN SARUNG
woven with a pattern of colorful stripes. Some of
them are decorated with traditional motifs and
songket patterns with gold or silver on a red ground
fabric
GERUNCHUNG
-beautiful jewellery and each bracelet will be placed
to produce the sounds that attract the attention of
anyone who hears it. GERUNUNG

Marik empang

PARANG ILANG

Sugu tinggi

CULTURE
NGAJAT DANCE
The dance is divided into several types, but done on time and within the same season
Gawai, where Iban will feast on a variety of dances to celebrate the spirit of rice, when
completed only harvest. Which type of dance that is practiced ngajat Lesong, ngajat
bebunoh, ngajat pua kumbu, ngajat indu and more. During this dance is danced, the
drums will be sounded and the dancers will dance on the beating of drums.

VIDEO NGAJAT

MUSIC INSTRUMENT
taboh

ENGKERUMONG, TAWAK, BEBENDAI AND KETUBONG

LEKA MAIN (SONG)

Tupe of main leka pantun, ramban, renong, ganu, pengap,


sampi,timang,bebiau, naku antu pala,geliga dan banyak lagi.
The purpose of those to create a sense of longing, sarcastic subtle ways,
presenting grievances and complaints, children's entertainment as well as
the inspiration or motivation.
Through this, it can be known patterns of thoughts, views on life, the
events that occurred, the Iban community and their trust.
Example of leka main

CERTAIN LEVEL OF MARRIAGE IN THE IBAN

NANYAINDUK (MERISIK)

SARAWAK IBAN COMMUNITY


ENGAGEMENT

For indigenous engagement and


sarawak
iban
community
engagement usually the boy's family
will lead a delegation of no less
than 5 to 20 people consisting of
old people in the family of the boy.
At this time, the conditions of the
marriage will be determined and
explained in detail. This includes
the question of dowry and other
related matters. If an agreement has
been made, the boy's father would
remove the silver belt lapit or fish
or sword as a sign of engagement.

Normally that would be received on behalf of the father and the girl is

a virgin or they are older in the family of the girl. If you have received
all of this then only the two families can begin negotiations for the
wedding date and the ceremony will be held later. From this moment,
the girl was formally betrothed to the boy and the girl can no longer
receive visits boy other than his own fiancee. For the family of the
boy, nor is it necessary for them to inform the relatives and neighbors
regarding the engagement of their children. No specific duration to the
duration of this engagement, but according to the Iban community is
better if weddings accelerated to avoid things that are not desirable
from happening.

MARRIAGE
CEREMONY

PREGNANCY

in the seven months during pregnancy, iban woman and her husband
bear many taboos, such as:-

they are not allowed to dig trenches in the fields or in anywhere.

they are not allowed to cut trees creeping on the ground, for fear
that will prevent continuous bleeding during childbirth.

women who are pregnant are not allowed to pour oil into the palm
of the hand to be applied to the hair so that the baby will be born will
not fester.

both husband and wife can not knock the eggs using a knife or
wood for fear the baby will be blind.

they should not be planted with banana trees, so the baby is not bigheaded.

they can not bear the sharp rocks in the sport for fear the baby will
be paralyzed.

they can not bring the turtle into the room so that the baby does not
get stuck in the womb during birth.

CUSTOM AFTER BIRTH


Ceremony was held at the age of one
month old baby and to get the baby to
the river. The baby will be clothed
with pua belantan and accompanied
by prayers and chants calling for the
baby to be a perfect man. Once the
spell is read, the two men will be
slashed water and chicken meat.
For boys, the chicken wings are tied
with red thread suspended from a
pole berayang. As for the baby girl, the
thread is suspended on a pole Laletan.
After the baby is washed and the
drums will beat for afterwards
refreshments will be provided.

LEADERSHIP

The elders of each longhouse, or rumah,


are the ones who enforce the rules of their
tribal law, the adat.
These Tuai Rumah, are prestigious people
who have proven their worth to the other
members of the longhouse, and thus they
are allowed to rule over others.
These elders, alongside the Tuai Burong;
the religious leaders who are sometimes
the Tuai Rumah themselves, are responsible
for enforcing the adat rules surrounding
funerals and mourning taboos.
No house may claim to be inferior to, or
superior over any other rumah.

THANKS

Minat Terkait