Anda di halaman 1dari 16

By Steven Campbell

 Causes African sleeping sickness


 Unicellular
 Single flagella
 Some Euglenozoans have chloroplasts
 Do not have a cell wall
 Trypanosoma brucei
 http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/P/Protists.html
 Single celled
 Lives in freshwater, saltwater,
soil, and even as parasites.
 Sarcodina
 Reproduces asexually
 Moves via pseudopods, and also
consumes other organisms (like
protists) with pseudopods
 Amoeba proteus
 http://www.scienceclarified.com/Al-As/Amoeba.html
 Single celled
 Move via cilia (is a ciliate)
 Eats via a gullet, and feeds on
microorganisms like yeast and
bacteria
 Can be found in freshwater rivers,
lakes, and ponds
 Ciliophora
 Paramecium aurelia
 http://www.bio.umass.edu/biology/conn.river/parameci.
html
 Known to cause malaria
 Apicomplexa
 Single-celled
 Lives in the saliva of
mosquitoes and as a host in
humans and other animals
 Is a parasite and requires a
host to live
 Plasmodium falciparum
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium
 Unicellular
 Contains chloroplasts
 Lives in a marine habitat
 Can reproduce “explosively” to
cause red tides and kill mass
amounts of fish
 Moves by multiple, irregular
flagella
 Ceratium hirundinella
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinoflagellate
 Unicellular
 Found in freshwater
 Responsible for most
freshwater photosynthesis –
are the main producers
 Heterokontophyta
 Arachnoidiscus ehrenbergi
 http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/Biolo
gyPages/P/Protists.html
 Contain golden-brown
chloroplasts
 Have two dissimilar flagella
 Lives in cold fresh water
 Heterokontophyta
 Causes foul-tasting water
occasionally
 Unicellular
 Prymnesium parvum
 http://www.cs.cuc.edu/~tfutcher/Chrysophyta.html
 http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/landwater/water/envi
ronconcerns/hab/ga/
 Multicellular
 Has cell walls made of
cellulose
 Is a fish parasite and can
cause economic damage to
fish hatcheries
 Has hyphae
 Heterkonta
 Saprolegnia parasitica
 http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/saprolegnia.html
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saprolegnia
 Lives in the ocean
 Uses the pigment
phycoerythrin, which allows
it to dwell in deeper areas
 Important source of food in
Asia
 Multicellular
 Autotrophic
 Rhodophyta
 Kallymenia perforata
 http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/protista/rhodophyta.html
 http://www.tolweb.org/Rhodophyta
 Unicellular
 Uses cilia to move and
capture prey
 Common in freshwater lakes
and streams
 Ciliophora
 Stentor roeseli
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stentor_(prot
ozoa)
 Reproduce by budding
 Unicellular
 Usually anchored to
something, although they can
be free-swimming via cilia
 Uses a myoneme to coil up
like a spring
 Ciliophora
 Vorticella convallaria
 http://www.microscope-
microscope.org/applications/pond-
critters/protozoans/ciliphora/vorticella.htm
 Technically unicellular, but have
lots of nuclei and are formed
when many flagellates fuse
 Move by streaming cytoplasm,
similar to amoebas but on a
larger scale.
 Lives in cool, moist, shady areas
like dead leaves and logs
 Amoebozoa
 Physarum polycephalum
 http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/protista/slimemolds
.html
1 flagella
 Single-celled
 Euglenozoa
 Has a distinct eyespot or
stigma that reacts to
light
 Lives in marine and fresh
water
 Euglena gracilis
 http://euglena.msu.edu/
 Lives in the gut of
termites to help them
digest wood
 Has 4 anterior flagella
 Unicellular
 Metamonada
 Mixotricha paradoxa
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mixotricha_paradoxa
 http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php
/Mixotricha
 Phyla Apicomplexa
 Single celled
 Can cause diarrhea
 Only uses human hosts
 Cyclospora cayetanensis
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclospora_ca
yetanensis