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SHEAR STRENGTH

EXAMPLE
PROBLEM

PROBLEM # 1
A specimen of saturated was subjected to a tri-axial test under a
chamber pressure of 400 kPa. The soil sample is cohesionless. If the
drained friction angle is 34.
a) Compute the total axial stress at which failure will be expected to
occur.
b) What would be the deviator stress at failure.
c) Compute the shearing stress at the plane of failure.

PROMBLEM # 2
A normally consolidated soil was tested in a tri-axial test to determine
the angle of shearing resistance. A confining pressure equal to 50 kPa
is used. The sample fails when the axial load causes a stress of 160
kPa.
a)Compute the value of the deviators stress.
b)Compute the angle of the failure plane with the major principal axis.
c)Compute the value of the max. shearing stress.

PROBLEM # 3
A normally consolidated soil were subjected to a tri-axial test with the
following data:
Cell pressure = 320 kPa
The specimen failed when the deviator stress is 460 kPa
a)Compute the angle of shear resistance.
b)Compute the normal stress on the plane of max. shear stress.
c)Compute the shear stress on the failure plane.

PROBLEM # 4
The following data were obtained from a tri-axial test of a normally
consolidated soil. Deviator stress at failure = 200 kPa and Angle to
failure plane from the major principal plane = 58.
a)Compute the value of the lateral pressure in the cell.
b)Compute the shearing stress at the failure plane.
c)Compute the normal stress at the failure plane.

PROBLEM # 5
A cohesive soil specimen has a shearing resistance equal to 28 and a
cohesion of 32. If the max. shearing stress of the soil sample is equal
to 64 kPa.
a)Compute the lateral pressure in the cell for failure.
b)Compute the max. principal stress to cause failure.
c)Compute the normal stress at the point of max. shear.

PROBLEM # 6
The max. that causes the failure of a cohesive soil specimen in a triaxial test is equal to 220 kPa. The angle of friction is equal to 25. If the
deviator stress at failure is equal to 140 kPa.
a)Compute the confining chamber pressure.
b)Compute the cohesion of soil.
c)Compute the shearing stress at the point of the failure plane.

PROBLEM # 7
A soil sample has an angle of shear resistance equal to 26.57. If it has
a cohesion of 10 kPa and a normal stress of 400 kPa at a point of max.
shearing stress.
a)Compute the deviator stress at failure.
b)Compute the chamber confining pressure.
c)Compute the normal stress at a point of failure plane.

PROBLEM # 8
A sample of normally consolidated clay was subjected to a
consolidated to a consolidated undrained tri-axial compression test that
was carried out until the specimen failed at a deviator stress of 50 kPa.
Pore water pressure at failure was recorded to be 18 kPa and confining
pressure of 48 kPa was used in the test.
a)Compute the friction angle for the total stress strength envelope.
b)Compute the friction angle for the effective stress strength envelope.
c)Compute the shearing stress at the effective stress strength
condition.

PROBLEM # 9
A direct shear test is performed on a well graded sand. If the friction
angle is 30 and the applied normal stress is 69.28 kPa.
a)Compute the normal stress at the pole.
b)Compute the shearing stress at the pole.
c)Compute the max. shearing stress.

PROBLEM # 10
The drained angle of friction of a normally consolidated clay is equal to
26.2. The following are results of a consolidated undrained test
conducted on the clay sample. Deviator stress at failure 90 kPa.
Chamber confining pressure = 120 kPa. Cohesion of soil = 0.
a)Compute the consolidated undrained angle of friction.
b)Compute the pore pressure developed in the clay specimen at
failure.
c)If the drained test was conducted instead of an undrained test with
the same chamber confining pressure of 120 kPa. What would be the
major principal stress of failure.