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A SEMINAR ON ISM

OF ARCHITECTURE

CONTENT
ARCHITECTURAL ISM.
DEFINITION.
TYPICAL EXAMPLE WITH IMAGES.

ARCHITECTURAL ISMs
ECLECTICISM..
EXPRESSIONISM.
CUBISM.
CONSTRUCTIVISM.
FUNCTIONALISM.
BRUTALISM

ECLECTICISM
- The term comes from the Greek word
"" (eklektikos), literally "choosing
the best.
- Term is used to describe the combination in
a single work of elements from different
historical styles.
- To evolve a style based upon qualities of
several.
- For e.g. Giving a historical faade to a
modern building.

The church of the Sagrada Familia in


Barcelonadesigned byAntonio Gaudi is a
notable example of eclecticism.

ECLECTICISM

Madrid City Council (former Post Head


Office) madrid ,spain.

New York Palace,


Budapest (Hungary)

EXPRESSIONISM
It describe the activities of the
German ,Dutch , Austrian and
Danish avant garde from 19101924.
Characterized by free use of
abstract form which makes
precedence over consideration of
function .eg historical
precedence.

EXPRESSIONISM
One of the most important of the
architects who are considered to be
expressionists is Erich Mendelsohn.
One of Mendelsohns most celebrated
buildings in the expressionist mode is
the Einstein Tower, located in
Potsdam, just outside Berlin, in 192024. This is an observatory named in
honor of Albert Einstein and
originally intended for reinforced
concrete construction. It was
actually built in brick masonry..

Einstein Tower

WALT DISNEY CONCERT HALL

FRANK GEHRYS CENTER FOR BRAIN


HEALTH.

KEY FEATURES OF EXPRESSIONISM

distorted shapes.
fragmented lines..
organic or biomorphic forms.
massive sculpted shapes.
extensive use of concrete and brick.
lack of symmetry.
many fanciful works rendered on
paper but never built.

CUBISM
Cubism was a movement that
began in France in the early 20th
Century by Spanish artist Pablo
Picasso and French artist
Georges Braque.
EG.WALTER GROPHIUS,BAUHAUS.

gropius house

BAUHAUS

CUBISM
Cubists distinguish their work
through the construction of
sharp points, slicing planes, and
crystalline shapes in their art
works.

Cubist House of the


Black Madonna,
Prague, Czech Repblic.

taipei perfoming arts centre

CONSTRUCTIVISM
Constructivist architecturewas
a form ofmodern architecture.
that flourished in the Soviet
Union in the 1920s and early
1930s.
It combined advanced
technology and engineering with
an avowedly Communist social
purpose.

Embassy of Russia in Havana,CUBA


AR.ALEKSANDR ROKHEGOV

CONSTRUCTIVISM
This group produce abstract
works reflecting modern
machinery and technology using
plastic ,glass, and other
industrial material.
ARCHITECTS- VLADIMIR TATLIN.
- Yakov Chernikhov.

The first and most famous


Constructivist architectural project
Tatlin's Tower

Hammer and Sickle Architectural


Fantasy
by Yakov Chernikhov, 1933

FUNCTIONALISM
In the early years of the 20th
century, Chicago architect Louis
Sullivan popularized the phrase
'form ever follows function'
IF the functional aspects are
satisfied, architectural beauty
would naturally and necessarily
follow.
the function of an object should
determine its design and materials.

FALLING WATER,
AR.F.L.WRIGHT

Guggenheim-Museum
AR.F.L.WRIGHT

BRUTALISM
BRUTALISM IS A STYLE OF ARCHITECTURE
WHICH FLOURISH FROM 1950s TO MID
1970s FROM MODERNIST ARCHITECTURE
MOVEMENT.
BRUTALIST BUILDING USUALLY ARE FORM
WITH STRIKING REPETETIVE ANGULAR
GEOMETRIC AND WHERE CONCRETE IS
USED, OFTEN REVEALING THE TEXTURE OF
THE WOODEN FORMS USED FOR THE INSITU
CASTING.

Examples are typically very linear,


fortresslike and blockish, often with a
predominance of concrete
construction.
EG.
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
BANGLADESH .
MILL OWNERS ASSOCIATION,
AHMEDABAD.

bangladesh Parliament

MILL 0WNER ASSOCIATION,AHMEDABAD

robarts library, university of toronto

REFERENCES

THANK
YOU