Anda di halaman 1dari 16

Research problem

Yati Sri Hayati


Jurusan Keperawatan FKUB

WHAT IS RESEARCH PROBLEM

Research topic :
concepts or broad problem areas that
indicate the foci of essential research
knowledge needed to provide evidence-based
nursing practice
Research problem :
an area of concern where there is a gap in
the knowledge base needed for nursing
practice

riset Topik:
konsep atau lingkup masalah luas yang
menandai (adanya) foci [dari;ttg]
pengetahuan riset penting yang diperlukan
untuk menyediakan ilmu perawatan praktek
evidence-based
riset Masalah:
suatu area perhatian [di mana/jika] ada
suatu gap di (dalam) dasar pengetahuan
perlu untuk ilmu perawatan praktek

THE RESEARCH PROBLEM


a question arising from
personal experience or
thought

lends itself to
further
investigation

transforms through the problem


identification process into the
research topic

suatu pertanyaan timbul dari pengalaman


pribadi atau dipikirkan
mendorongnya [bagi/kepada] penyelidikan
lebih lanjut
mengubah bentuk melalui/sampai
identifikasi masalah memproses ke dalam
topik riset

IDENTIFIED RESEARCH PROBLEM


Asking the question :
What is wrong in this clinical situation?
What information is needed to improve this
situation?
Would another intervention be more
effective in producing outcome desired?
What changes need to be made to improve
this intervention based on the outcomes?

Pertanyaan:
Apa [yang] adalah bersalah [kepada] di
(dalam) situasi klinis ini?
Apa [yang] informasi diperlukan untuk
meningkatkan situasi ini?
Akan . yang lain intervensi yang lebih efektif
di (dalam) hasil yang memproduksi
menginginkan?
Apa [yang] perubahan perlu untuk dibuat
untuk meningkatkan intervensi ini berdasar
pada hasil?

IDENTIFIED RESEARCH PROBLEM

Through questioning and review literature


specific area of concern
The knowledge gap, or what is not
known about this clinical problem,
determines the complexity and number
of studies needed to generate essential
knowledge for nursing practice.
(Martin, 1994; Wright, 1999)

Melalui/Sampai tanya jawab dan meninjau


ulang literatur
area khusus perhatian
pengetahuan Gap, atau apa [yang] tidaklah
diketahui masalah klinis ini, menentukan
kompleksitas dan jumlah studi yang diperlukan
untuk menghasilkan pengetahuan penting untuk
ilmu perawatan praktek.
( Burung martin, 1994; Wright, 1999)

SOURCES OF RESEARCH
PROBLEMS

Nursing practice
Researcher and peer interactions
Literature review
Theory
Research priorities identified by funding
agencies and specialty groups

Ilmu perawatan praktek


Peneliti dan interaksi panutan
literatur Tinjauan ulang
Teori
riset Prioritas yang dikenali dengan
pembiayaan para agen dan keahlian khusus
kelompok

FORMULATING A RESEARCH PROBLEM


AND PURPOSE
Observation of real world situations (nursing practice)

Identified research topics

Generate questions
Review of
literature

Non researchable questions

RESEARCH PROBLEM
Clarification & refinement

RESEARCH PURPOSE

Objective, question, or hypothesis

Input from
other

FORMULATING A RESEARCH PROBLEM


AND PURPOSE
Pengamatan atas dunia nyata situasi ( ilmu perawatan
praktek)
riset yang dikenali Topik

Generate questions
Review of
literature

Bukan pertanyaan bisa


riset

RISET MASALAH
Klarifikasi&
penyulingan/perbaikan
RISET MAKSUD

Objective, question, or hypothesis

Input from
other

FEASIBILITY OF A STUDY

Time commitment
Money commitment
Researcher expertise
Availability of subject
Availability of facilities and equipment
Cooperation of others
Ethical consideration

waktu Komitmen
uang Komitmen
peneliti Keahlian
Ketersediaan pokok
Ketersediaan peralatan dan fasilitas
Kooperasi dari yang lain
Pertimbangan etis

Thank