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PROJECT ON WIND FARMS

Submitted to- Prof.


Nand Kishore

Submitted byBhanu Bhawesh


Enr-0103EE111009
Branch- EE
Semester- 6th

Department of Electrical Engineering

Presentation Outlines

Introduction
Potential of wind Energy
Components of wind turbine
Factors affecting wind farms
Types of wind farm
Largest on-shore wind farms
Largest off-shore wind farms
Wind farms in india
Pros and cons

INTRODUCTION

A "wind farm" is a group of wind turbines in the same


location used for production of electric power.
Individual turbines are interconnected with a medium
voltage (usually 34.5 kV) power collection system and
communications network.
At a substation, this medium-voltage electrical current is
increased in voltage with a transformer for connection to
the high voltage transmission system
A large wind farm may consist of a few dozen to several
hundred individual wind turbines, and cover an extended
area of hundreds of square miles (square kilometers), but
the land between the turbines may be used for agricultural
or other purposes.
A wind farm may be located off-shore to take advantage
of strong winds blowing over the surface of an ocean or
lake.

Potential of wind energy

Specific components of wind


turbine

Factors Affecting Wind Farms


Location
Wind speed
Altitude
Wind park effect
Environmental and
aesthetic impacts
Effect on power
grid

The worlds energy potential for land based wind


turbines

Estimated energy output in kWh/kW from a wind turbine that are


dimensioned for 11 m/s

Types of Wind Farms

Off-Shore

On-Shore

Near-Shore

Air borne

Off-shore

On-shore

Largest on-shore wind farms


Alta wind energy center is
the largest on-shore wind
farm in the world
It is situated in California,
USA
It's current generation
capacity is 1320 MW

Jaisalmer Wind Park is the


second largest wind farm in
the world.
It is situated in Rajasthan,
India.
It's current generation
capacity is 1064 MW.

Largest off-shore wind farms

London Array (630 MW) and


Great Gabbard (504 MW) are
considered as the two largest
off-shore wind farms in the
world. Both are installed in UK.

India has yet to start it's first offshore project. TATA and ONGC
had proposed three pilot
projects in Gujarat and
Tamilnadu.

The development of wind power


in India began in the 1990s, and
has significantly increased in the
last few years. Although a relative
newcomer to the wind industry
compared with Denmark or the US,
a combination of domestic policy
support for wind power and the rise
of Suzlon (a leading global wind
turbine manufacturer) have led
India to become the country with
the fifth largest installed wind
power capacity in the world.

As of 31 December 2013 the


installed capacity of wind power in
India was 20149 MW. Wind power
accounts for 8.5% of India's total
installed power capacity, and it
generates 1.6% of the country's
power.

Dhule wind-farm

Pros
Safe & Pollution free
Inexhaustible
Inexpensive after instalation

Cons
Wind speed variable and unreliable
Wind turbines produce large amounts of noise
pollution
Off-shore wind farms go some way to solving
these problems, but they are expensive to build
and maintain. It is cheaper to put more coal into
an existing power station than to build a new
wind farm
Death of migrating birds.

Negative
Impacts
Bird Strikes

Conclusion
The positive impacts of Wind Energy production
far out-weigh the negative impacts
Any impacts of wind energy should not be viewed
in isolation.
They should be judged against the far more
serious environmental impacts of producing
electricity from other energy sources

References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wind_farm

http://www.thewindpower.net/

http://www.suzlon.com/

http://www.indianwindpower.com/

http://www.inwea.org/

Thank You