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Advanced

Computer
Search
Dr. Galal Nadim
CT, IBCT,NCFLD
Associate Prof. , Communication Engineering

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Please Introduce
Yourself!

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Let Us Agree

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Expectations

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Objectives
Upon completion of this one-day
workshop, the students will be able to:
Understand the integrated, textbased search and retrieval system
used at major databases such as
NBCI
Know how search engines work
Develop competencies in searching
internet.
Learn how to benefit from online

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Know

how to search by name,


business, address, or phone Number.
Accurately
Practice limits your search by criteria
such as language, currently indexed
subsets, or research field.
Practice searching for Journals
Indexed in national and international
databases.
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Practice

searching for educational


videos Indexed for Online Users
Apply the learned skills in preparing
assignments and essays.

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Varia
bles

Internet

Browsing An
Introduction
Search Engines
Search Techniques
Encleopedia
Open Access Journals
Libraries
Databases

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Conversions surprise
General

pattern:
in units2

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number units1

10

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Internet Browsing An Introduction

The

Web Page
Navigation
Bookmarks
Saving Pages and Images

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The Web Page


Stop loading
page

Reload the
page
Go to Home
page

Go back to
the
previous
page

Address
bar

Loading
status
Time left

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Navigation
The Internet Explorer window
The Internet Explorer window displays one web page at a time,
At the top the Address is the address of the page being viewed - URL
(Universal Resource Locator) -- each page has its own unique URL.
Some URLs are case-sensitive and all characters have to be typed exactly,
including spaces or special symbols such as.

Address
Bar

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Navigation

By default, a blue link represents a page you haven't


viewed yet, and a purple link represents one that you have.
(Shown Below)

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Bookmarks
Bookmarks
Bookmarks provide a permanent and easy way to remember
your favorite web pages.
Creating a Bookmark:
Go to the page you want to mark. Go to the Favorites menu,
and click on Add to Favorites. Give the page a name or keep
its original name. Then click on OK.

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Saving Pages and Images

Saving an Image
In order to save an
image on a web
page, put your
mouse pointer over
the picture that you
want to save and
then:
Right-click the
mouse and choose
Save Picture As.
Browse to a location
on your hard drive
where you want to
save the image and
click Save.

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Saving Pages and Images

Saving a Web Page


(and Viewing it Later)
To save a web page
onto your hard drive,
go to the page that
you want to save.
From the File menu,
choose Save As. You
can type a new
filename in the File
name:
In the Save as type:
drop down menu. The
default choice is Web
Page, complete to
save the page along
with all of its images
and HTML only
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which saves the page

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Search Engines
Types

of Search Engines
Samples of Search Engines
Refining Your Search
Let us practice
Exercersi 1
Exercise 2

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Types of Search Engines


There are two types: directories and indexes.
Directories:
Directories, such as Yahoo! are good at
identifying general information.
They classify websites into categories, such as
accounting firms, English universities and
natural history museums.
The results of your search will be a list of
websites related to your search term.
For example, if you are looking for art
museums, you might use a directory to find it.
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Indexes:
We would make use of Google if we are looking
for specific information like the Life of Edward
De Bono - Web indexes would be appropriate,
because they search all the contents of a
website.
Indexes use software programs called spiders
and robots that scour the Internet, analyzing
billions of web pages, newsgroup and blog
postings, and indexing all of the words. Some
even index audio and video.

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Samples of Search
Engines

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Refining Your Search

George Boole (English Mathematician) developed an


algebra of logic
This has become the basis for computer database
searches.
Boolean logic uses words called operators to determine
whether a statement is true or false. The most common
Input
Output
operators are AND, OR and NOT.

Word1 AND Word2

Documents with both words

Word1 OR Word2

The greatest amount of


matches; documents with
either word

Word1 NOT Word2

Documents about Word1, but


not about Word2; a good way
to limit the search.

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Let us practice

Let us do a search and document our findings:


As part of the Tiger Trail initiative, you need
to speak about the number of tigers left in the
World and some statistics.
Feedback:
What was the time taken for the search engine
to give the results:
How many number of responses did you
receive
Write down three main points that would help
your speech

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Information to be
Retrieved
1. What does the term 'School' in

Cambridge usually indicate?


2. How many schools do they have and
list them.
3. The Universities Core values
4. The Central Address for University
Business

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Type the Website www.cam.ac.uk

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Click on School, Faculties &


Departments

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Write down the required


information

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Go back & Click on


University and Colleges

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The University

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Click on The Universitys


Mission & Core Values

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Write down the required


information

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Go back and Click on


Contact Us

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Do a CTRL+F and Search for


Central Address

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Write down the required


information

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RECAP
What

is a search engine?

An index to web pages and their content


can be searched using keywords or exact
titles of documents many different types of
content can be searched eg. web pages,
images, maps,
pdf files.

Name

Some Popular search engines

Google Alta Vista Anzwers


Metasearch
engines: Dogpile; Yahoo;
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Lists:
Library home page>Resources>Search

engines

http://
www.library.unisa.edu.au/resources/su
bject/engine.asp
AllSearchEngines.com

http://
allsearchengines.com/complete.html

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Cheat

sheet at

http://
www.google.com/help/cheatsheet.html
Not case sensitive
Phrases in double quotes eg.

transition to retirement
OR for alternate words eg. small
business enterprise OR SMEs
Try

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Advanced Search
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Search Techniques
URL
Main Steps
Keyword choice
Using Advanced Search
Boolean Operators, +, -,

____

etc.

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Search literacy
Six

kinds of knowledge & skills


needed to search:
pure engine
technique

search
strategy

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site: ricoh.com
double quotes
minus (as
exclude)
plus (include)
filetype:pdf
intitle:cheat
sheet
etc
knowing when to
shift
knowing when to
stop
move from wide
to narrow
preserving

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domain
knowledge

information
mapping

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medical
knowledge
plumbing
knowledge
English lit
world languages

reverse dictionary
keyword
frequencies
contents of
domains
Wikipedia
knowing whats
available
etc

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Is this
believable?

assessment

site-specific
knowledge

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How does this


link to other
information I
already know?
What is the
relationship of
this information
to authoritative
sources?
Knowing
particular layout
and features of a
site (metadata
sort/filter;
variant query
mechanisms;
location of print
version

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Six components of
expertise

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pure engine
technique

domain
knowledge

assessment

information
mapping

search
strategy

site-specific
knowledge

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