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Intellectual Property Law

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What is Intellectual Property


International Background to Intellectual Property Laws
Forms of Intellectual Property
Patents
Trademarks
Copyrights
Industrial Designs
Geographical Indications
Plant Varieties
Undisclosed Information

Intellectual Property Law


4. Patents
Aims:
Reward the inventor
Benefits to society - quid pro quo
Technical advancement
Encourage investment in infrastructure
Increase employment opportunities
Encourage Research & Development

Intellectual Property Law


5. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPALS OF PATENTABILITY
Patent Right subsists in an INVENTION
INVENTION must be

NEW (NOVEL)

USEFUL (UTILITY)
NON-OBVIOUS

Intellectual Property Law


6. WHAT ARE NOT INVENTIONS
FRIVIOLOUS CONTRARY
INVENTONS TO
NATURAL
LAWS

INJURIOUS TO PREJUDICIAL
PUBLIC
TO ANY LIFE
HEALTH
FORM

CONTRARY DISCOVERY
TO LAWS OF
MORALITY

MERE
ADMIXTURE

METHOD OF METHOD OF SCHEME,


AGRICULT- TREATMENT PLAN OR
URE OF LIVING
SYSTEM
BEINGS

MERE
ARRANGEMENT
COMPUTER
PROGRAMMES

Intellectual Property Law

7. Term of the Patent


8. Complete Specification
9. Compulsory Licence
10 Trade Marks
What is a MARK :
includes a device
brand
heading label
ticket
name
signature word
letter
numeral
OR any combination thereof
shape of goods, packaging, colour - TMA99
Sound, Smell - also marks - NOT in India

Intellectual Property Law


11. FUNCTIONS OF A TRADEMARK
Traditional Role
distinguish the products of one manufacturer from
those of another
indicate the source or origin of the goods
represent the goodwill of the manufacturer
TM as a part of the marketing mix
Guarantee of QUALITY
Guarantee of AUTHENTICITY
Create a feeling of TRUST
Aid to Branding

Intellectual Property Law


12. Some Famous Brands (Trade Marks)
Mercedes Benz
Coca Cola
for
Intel
for
Crocin
Bournvita
for
MGM - roar of Lion
Taj Hotels
for
Nike
for
501 Bar
for

for vehicles
beverages
computer
for pharma
food stuff
for entertainment
hotels
shoes
soaps

Intellectual Property Law


13. Rights of a trade mark owner :
to use
to prevent others from using similar
or deceptively similar marks
protection also extended to related classes
statutory protection

Intellectual Property Law

Intellectual Property Law

Intellectual Property Law

Intellectual Property Law


14. CIVIL RELIEFS
INJUNCTION
DAMAGES / ACCOUNT OF PROFITS
DESTRUCTION OF INFRINGING MARK HANDING OVER
POSESSION OF COPIES

Intellectual Property Law


15. RELIEF IN CRIMINAL ACTION

IMPRISONMENT

FINE

CONFISCATION/ DELIVERY OF GOODS

SEARCH & SEIZURE OF INFRINGING

GOODS

Intellectual Property Law


16. MEANING OF COPYRIGHT :
Right To
reproduce the work ( incl. Storing )
issue copies of the work
perform work in public
communicate the work to the public
make translation
make adaptation
sell or give on hire

Intellectual Property Law


17. Copyright subsists in original
literary, dramatic, musical & artistic works
cinematographic films
sound recordings
which are either first published in India, ..

Intellectual Property Law


18. Range Of Copyright Protection
Product Packaging
Scenic Arrangement
Paintings
Sculpture
Drawings ( maps,..)
Engravings
Photographs
Architectural Works
Computer Software
Research Papers
Computer databases Choreographic work

Intellectual Property Law


19. Some Important Concepts :
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No Copyright in ideas, themes,principles


Artistic Quality ?
Copyright subsists in an identical work
Rule : Creation must be independent
Term Of the Copyright : Life + 60 years
Authors Moral Rights
Registration Of Copyright not a pre-requisite
Fair Dealing, Back-ups, Educational purposes

Intellectual Property Law


20. CIVIL & / OR CRIMINAL LIABILITY
injunction
damages
account for profit / delivery up
imprisonment
fine
seizure of goods

Intellectual Property Law

Thank You