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PENDAHULUAN

STRUKTUR KONSTRUKSI dan BAHAN BANGUNAN 03 (SKBB 03, AR2043)

Tujuan Matakuliah
Mahasiswa mengerti, memahami dan mampu merencanakan sistem
struktur bangunan tinggi dengan sistem utilitas 5 s/d 10 lantai
Hasil yang diharapkan
- Mahasiswa mampu menjelaskan sistem struktur pada bangunan tinggi
- Mampu merencanakan sistem struktur dan utilitas pada bangunan tinggi
- Mampu mengaplikasikan prinsip-prinsip perencanaan dan perancangan
sistem bangunan pada perancangan bangunan tinggi

SATUAN ACARA PERKULIAHAN


MINGGU
POKOK BAHASAN
1
Pengantar - Perkembangan Bangunan Tinggi
2
Konsep Umum Perencanaan dan Perancangan BT
3
Konsep Struktur dan Metoda Konstruksi Bangunan Tinggi
4
Tinjauan Sistem Struktur BT (bearing wall & rigid frame, core & tube)
5
Sistem Pondasi dan Sub-struktur pada Bangunan Tinggi
6
Elemen Vertikal dan Horisontal dan Sistem Hubungan
7
UJIAN TENGAH SEMESTER
8
UJIAN TENGAH SEMESTER
9
Struktur Spesial (Core dan Shear Wall)
10
Perencanaan Bangunan Tahan Gempa
12
Sistem Mekanikal (jaringan transportasi vertikal, jar.air,pemadam kebakaran, HVAC)
13
Sistem Elektrikal (jaringan Listrik, komunikasi, safety)
14
Presentasi Tugas
15
Presentasi Tugas
16
UJIAN AKHIR SEMESTER
17
UJIAN AKHIR SEMESTER

PENILAIAN
Presensi (>=75%)
Ujian Tengah Semester
Ujian Akhir Semester
Tugas

Syarat Mutlak
30%
30%
40%

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Schodek, Daniel. L., 1991, Struktur (terjemahan), PT.Eresco, Bandung.


Schueller, Wolfgang, 1980, The Vertical Building Structure, Van Nostrand
Reinhold, New York.
Schueller, Wolfgang, 1977, High Rise Building Structures, John Wiley & Sons.
Yeang, Ken, 2002, Reinventing The Skyscraper: A Vertical Theory of Urban
Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York.
Reitherman, R & Christopher, A, 1982, Building Configuration and Seismic
Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York.
Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, 1995, Structural Systems for Tall
Buildings, McGraw Hill, Inc, New York.

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
7.

Poerbo, Hartono,Ir,March., 1999, Struktur dan Konstruksi Bangunan Tinggi Jilid


1 Sistem Struktur dan Estetika, Djambatan, Jakarta
8. Poerbo, Hartono,Ir,March., 2000, Struktur dan Konstruksi Bangunan Tinggi Jilid
2 Dasar Perhitungan, Djambatan, Jakarta
9. Poerbo, Hartono,Ir,March., 2001, Struktur dan Konstruksi Bangunan Tinggi Jilid
3 Detail Struktur dan Konstruksi, Djambatan, Jakarta
10. Janis, Richard R & Tao, William K.Y., 2005, Mechanical and Electrical Systems
in Buildings, 3rd ed., Pearson Prentice Hall, USA
11. Bennett, David, 1995, Skyscrapers: Form and Function, Simon & Schuster,
New York

Architecture vs Building
VITRUVIUS

UTILITAS

GROPIUS

NORBERT
SCHULZ

COMMODITI
FUNCTION
E

BUILDING
TASK

FUNGSI

WOTTON

VENUSTAS

DELIGHT

EXPRESSI
ON

FORM

ESTETIKA

FIRMITAS

FIRMENES

TECHNICS

TECHNICS

STRUKTU
R

Pier Luigi Nervi


Construction is by far the oldest and most important of human
activities.
It springs from the material needs of the individual and society, but
in satisfying peoples needs it broadens to express their most
spontaneous and deep feelings.
Construction gathers in a unique synthesis the elements of manual
labor, industrial organization, scientific theory, aesthetic sensibility,
and great economic interest.
Construction creates our physical environment, and thus exercises
a silent but deep educational influence on each one of us.

Mario Salvadori
A knowledge of structures on the part of the architect is, to say the
least, highly desirable, and that correctness of structure cannot but
add to the beauty of architecture.
Two men are essential in the construction of any important
building: the architect and civil engineer.
Today, no architect would dare design a building of even modest
size without consulting a structural engineer.
The roots of those dependence are to be found in the increasing
importance of economic factors, in the technological direction of
our culture, and above all, in our mass civilizations need for large
structures.

Overall Thinking
Environmental designers
STRUCTURAL ENGINEER

DESIGNER (ARCHITECT)

Concerned with provision of


physical integrity, strength,
and efficiency

Concerned with provision for


all spatial and technical
performance needs

Works with technological


properties of structure:
energy, materials,
construction know how

Works with space form


properties of all subsystems:
activity, associated, physical
and symbolic

To implement building
design/ construction

To interact all subsystems as


a total environmental design

Overall design thinking


produces
TOTAL ARCHITECTURE

Bgn Sederhana & Bgn Tinggi


Bangunan Sederhana

Bangunan Berlantai
Banyak / Tinggi

Figure

Tinggi umumnya hingga 3-4 lantai

5 s/d 10 lantai - lebihTinggi

Fungsi

Tunggal, Skala Kecil

Ganda, Multifungsi

Struktur

Mengindahkan kaidah struktur


konvensional

Tdk banyak terikat


kaidah struktur konvensional

Bahan non fabrikasi

Bahan fabrikasi

Skala Kecil, Konvensional,


Tidak byk menggunakan alat2
artificial/mekanis

Skala besar, butuh ruang


tersendiri, banyak
menggunakan alat2
artificial/mekanis

Utilitas

BANGUNAN
TINGGI