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Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment & Risk

Control (HIRARC) Training

ZAINORIN ALI
MSc (Occupational Safety & Health
Management)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Objective
What is HIRARC?
Purpose of HIRARC
Process of HIRARC
Hazard Identification
Risk Assessment
Risk Control
Practical Workshop
Examination

OBJECTIVES:
1. Explore the elements of an effective
hazard identification and control
program.
2. Discuss the steps in the hazard
identification and control process.
3. Be able to perform the Hazard
Identification and Risk Assessment Form
by their own with 3 simple steps to
ensure a safe & healthy workplace.

1.

Memastikan keselamatan dan


kesihatan pekerja di tempat kerja.

2.

Melindungi keselamatan orang lain


selain dari pekerja di tempat kerja
tersebut.

3.

Menggalakkan persekitaran yang


sesuai (dari segi fisiologi dan
psikologi)

4.

Membolehkan penggantian secara


berperingkat perundangan berkaitan
dengan Peraturan dan Kod Amalan
yang diluluskan

FALSAFAH
KEWAJIPAN BAGI MEMASTIKAN
KESELAMATAN DAN KESIHATAN DI TEMPAT
KERJA TERLETAK PADA MEREKA YANG
MEWUJUDKAN RISIKO DAN MEREKA YANG
BEKERJA DENGAN RISIKO TERSEBUT

KEWAJIPAN AM AM PEKERJA
(SEKSYEN 24, AKKP 1994)
1.

2.
3.
4.

Memberi perhatian terhadap


keselamatan dan kesihatan sendiri dan
orang lain
Bekerjasama dengan majikan atau orang
lain di dalam perlaksanaan Akta ini
Memakai dan mengguna Kelengkapan
Pelindung Diri (PPE)
Mematuhi arahan atau langkah
keselamatan dan kesihatan pekerjaan

PENALTI KEPADA PEKERJA:


1.
RM 1,000 atau
2.
3 bulan penjara atau
3.
kedua-duanya sekali

KEWAJIPAN AM MAJIKAN DAN ORANG


YANG BEKERJA SENDIRI (SEKSYEN 15,
AKKP 1994)

1.

Mengada dan menyenggara loji dan


sistem kerja selamat

HIRARC

2. Membuat perkiraan untuk menjamin


keselamatan dalam penggunaan,
pengendalian, penanganan (handling),
penyimpanan dan pengangkutan loji dan
bahan

KEWAJIPAN AM MAJIKAN DAN ORANG


YANG BEKERJA SENDIRI (SEKSYEN 15, AK
1994)
3.

Mengadakan maklumat, arahan, latihan


dan penyeliaan berkaitan keselamatan
dan kesihatan pekerjaan
i. Maklumat

iii. Latihan

ii. Arahan

iv. Penyeliaan

KEWAJIPAN AM MAJIKAN DAN ORANG


YANG BEKERJA SENDIRI (SEKSYEN 15, AKK
1994)
4.

5.

Memastikan laluan keluar dan masuk ke


tempat kerja yang selamat
Menyediakan persekitaran kerja yang
selamat dan sihat serta kemudahan
kebajikan pekerja

PENALTI KEPADA MAJIKAN


1. RM 50,000 atau
2. 2 tahun penjara atau
3. kedua-duanya sekali

OH&S Management System


Continual
improvement
OH&S
policy

Management
review
Checking and
corrective action

Planning

Implementation
and operation
HIRARC

HIRARC

TNB KUALA LUMPUR TOWARDS OHSAS 18001 CERTIFICATION

HIRARC
ID
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

Task Name

OHSAS 18001 MILESTONE CHART


Duration

OHSAS 18001 Milestone


183 days
OHSAS 18001 awareness
5 days
Documentation Development
81 days
HIRARC
21 days
Legal Identification & Evaluation
21 days
Common Documentation
21 days
Review Session I
2 days
Operational Control
21 days
O&T and OSH MP
14 days
ERP Manual
14 days
Review Session II
2 days
Documentation Review Before Implementation 21 days
OHSAS 18001 Implementation
90 days
Environment-Related Training
3 days
Legal Training
1 day
Schedule Waste Training
1 day
Internal Audit Training
1 day
Actual Internal Audit
2 days
Management Review
1 day
SIRIM Audit
5 days
Initial Audit
2 days
Certification Audit
3 days

Start
Tue 12/1/09

Finish
Thu 8/12/10

Tue 12/1/09

Mon 12/7/09

Tue 12/8/09

Tue 3/30/10

Tue 12/8/09

Tue 1/5/10

Tue 12/8/09

Tue 1/5/10

Tue 12/8/09

Tue 1/5/10

Wed 1/6/10

Thu 1/7/10

Fri 1/8/10

Fri 2/5/10

Mon 2/8/10

Thu 2/25/10

Mon 2/8/10

Thu 2/25/10

Fri 2/26/10

Mon 3/1/10

Tue 3/2/10

Tue 3/30/10

Wed 3/31/10

Tue 8/3/10

Wed 3/31/10

Fri 4/2/10

Wed 3/31/10

Wed 3/31/10

Thu 4/1/10

Thu 4/1/10

Fri 4/2/10

Fri 4/2/10

Wed 8/4/10

Thu 8/5/10

Fri 8/6/10

Fri 8/6/10

Fri 8/6/10

Thu 8/12/10

Fri 8/6/10

Mon 8/9/10

Tue 8/10/10

Thu 8/12/10

November 11
January 21
11/15
12/20
1/24
2/28

April 1
4/4

5/9

June 11
6/13

7/18

Au
8

CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS

Fatal

1
Serious /
fatal
3
Lost Day
50
First Aid
80
Property Damage

Property
Damage

400
Near Misses
13

UNSAFE
CONDITIONS

UNSAFE ACTS

Unsafe attitude / behavior


such as negligence
Not wearing proper
protective equipment (PPE)

Substandard /
inadequate
procedure
Outdated
procedure
Design flaw14

PERLAKUAN TIDAK SELAMAT : TIDAK MENGGUNAKAN KASUT KESELAMATAN


KEADAAN TIDAK SELAMAT : KAWASAN KERJA TIDAK KEMAS

BERAPAKAH PERLAKUAN TIDAK SELAMAT?

MITOS DAN FAKTA MENGENAI KEMALANGAN


MITOS / TANGGAPAN

FAKTA

i) MALANG TIDAK BERBAU

i) KEMALANGAN BOLEH DIJANGKA

ii) KEMALANGAN ADALAH


DITAKDIRKAN

ii) KEMALANGAN BOLEH


DIELAKKAN

iii) ADA ORANG YANG SENTIASA


BERNASIB MALANG

iii) KESELAMATAN PEKERJA


PERLU DIURUS

iv) KESELAMATAN TIDAK PERLU


DITITIKBERATKAN

iv) BEKERJA SECARA SELAMAT


ADALAH WAJIB

v) TANGGAPAN UMUM BAHAWA


KEMALANGAN ITU PERKARA
BIASA (COMMON SENSE)

v) MENCEGAH ADALAH LEBIH


BAIK DARI MENGUBATI

17

Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment & Risk Control


(HIRARC) Form

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM


Doc No.

Prepared by
JOB TITLE

Working in Clinic

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
No

Activities / Equipment/
Facilites

R/NR*

Receive & treat patient

Using X-ray machine

Consequences

Current Risk Control

9.1 a) Exposure to
known & unknown
bacteria, fungal &
viruses

9.1 a) Sick
9.1 b) Fatality

9.1 a) Competency &


Proper PPE to be worn

Likelihood

1
11 a) Exposure to
radioactive and
radiation

11

12

Hazard

10 a) Contact with
sharp object

10

Date :

RISK ASSESSMENT

Clearing medical waste

Revision No :

Verified by

10.1 a) Sick
10.1 b) Fatality

11.1 a) Cancer
11.1 b) Fatality

RISK CONTROL

Severity

Risk Level

Type of Control

4 (L)

NIL

Recommended Control
Measures

NIL

2 3

10.1 a)Competency &


Proper PPE to be worn

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

11a) Competency & Proper


PPE to be worn
11b) Safe work distance,
allowable exposure limit &

12 a) Pollution to
12a) Competency &
atmosphere, sanitary
Proper PPE to be worn
sewer, ground water, fresh
water, soil

Release Contamination /
Hospital treated waste

12 a) Scheduled waste

*R-Routine, NR - Non Routine


LIKELIHOOD

SEVERITY

Most Likely (5)

The most likely result of the hazard / event being realised

Catastropic (5)

Numerous fatalities

Possible (4)

Has a good change of occuring and is not unusual (1-5 years)

Fatal (4)

Approximately one single fatality

Conceivable (3)

Might be occur at sometime in future (5-10 years)

Serious (3)

Non-fatal injury, permanent disability or > 4 days MC

Remote (2)

Has not been known to occur after many years (10 yrs)

Minor (2)

Disabling but not permanent injury or 1-4 days MC

Inconceivable (1)

Is practically impossible and has never occurred

Negligible (1)

Minor abrasions, bruises, cut, first aid type injury

RISK = LIKELIHOOD X SEVERITY

15 - 25 : HIGH RISK

5-12 MEDIUM

1 - 4 : LOW RISK

PIC (Due Date /


Status)

REFERENCE:

Guidelines for
Hazard
Identification, Risk
Assessment and Risk
Control

Published by
Department of
Occupational Safety
and Health (DOSH)
2008.

DIFINITION:
1. Hazard :

Source or situation with potential for harm


in term of human injury or ill health,
damage to property, damage to the
workplace environment or a combination of
these.

2. Hazard Identification :

Process of recognizing that a hazard exists


and defining its characteristics

3. Risk :

Combination of likelihood and consequence


of a specified hazardous event occurring

DIFINITION:
4. Risk Assessment :

Overall process of estimating the


magnitude of Risk and deciding whether or
not risk is tolerable

5. Tolerable Risk :

Risk that have been reduced to a level that


can be accepted by the organization

Eg. A tiger is a source


harm

Tiger attack is a hazard. Becoz has potential for

A cage is the control.

Therefore, a tiger in cage is less risk as compared to a tiger out of cage.


Furthermore, a tiger in cage is less dangerous than a tiger out of cage since
the hazard is already controlled.

KENAL PASTI HAZARD


Garan
Cedera AKIBATBau Busuk

Pening

g
Kutu

Gigi Tajam

Jankitan
Penyaki

Gigitan
Penyakit

Kuku
Tajam

Luka dicakar
Gerakan

Orang awam /
Trafik

KENAL PASTI HAZARD


AKIBAT

KENAL PASTI HAZARD


AKIBAT

KENAL PASTI HAZARD


AKIBAT

WHAT IS HIRARC?

HAZARD
IDENTIFICATION

RISK ASSESSMENT

RISK CONTROL

Identify hazard source


or situation
Estimate level of risk
and determine
tolerability
Reduce or eliminate
risk

Purpose of Hazard Identification, Risk


Assessment and Risk Control (HIRARC):
Enable organization to identify, evaluate
and control its OSH risk on an ongoing
basis
To reduce accidents at workplaces
HIRARC to cover for all existing and new
processes

1. Document review policy, legal document,


record of accident, NCR, audit result, O&M
Manual.
2. Site Assessment observation, interview
3. Brainstorming discussion to identify
hazard.

Process of HIRARC

CLASSIFY WORK
ACTIVITIES

CLASSIFY WORK
ACTIVITIES

Working in Clinic
1. Handling patients, contaminated objects, body secretions,
tissue or fluids
2. Using X-ray machine
3. Handling patients & moving objects
4. Dealing with angry and stressed patients and their
families.

CATEGORIES OF HAZARDS
Category

Examples

PHYSICAL

noise, radiation, ventilation, heat stress,


lighting, electrical

CHEMICAL

pesticides, solvents and heavy metals

BIOLOGICAL

dangerous creatures, virus, bacteria and


parasite

ERGONOMIC

human and machine interface, work


position or work posture

PSYCHOSOCIAL work stress, employees interaction


within organisation, long hours work,
shift work

Example Hazards map : Grocery Store

SPOT THE HAZARD

Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment & Risk Control


(HIRARC) Form

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM


Doc No.

Prepared by
JOB TITLE

Working in Clinic

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
No

Activities / Equipment/
Facilites

R/NR*

Receive & treat patient

Using X-ray machine

Consequences

Current Risk Control

9.1 a) Exposure to
known & unknown
bacteria, fungal &
viruses

9.1 a) Sick
9.1 b) Fatality

9.1 a) Competency &


Proper PPE to be worn

Likelihood

1
11 a) Exposure to
radioactive and
radiation

11

12

Hazard

10 a) Contact with
sharp object

10

Date :

RISK ASSESSMENT

Clearing medical waste

Revision No :

Verified by

10.1 a) Sick
10.1 b) Fatality

11.1 a) Cancer
11.1 b) Fatality

RISK CONTROL

Severity

Risk Level

Type of Control

4 (L)

NIL

Recommended Control
Measures

NIL

2 3

10.1 a)Competency &


Proper PPE to be worn

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

11a) Competency & Proper


PPE to be worn
11b) Safe work distance,
allowable exposure limit &

12 a) Pollution to
12a) Competency &
atmosphere, sanitary
Proper PPE to be worn
sewer, ground water, fresh
water, soil

Release Contamination /
Hospital treated waste

12 a) Scheduled waste

*R-Routine, NR - Non Routine


LIKELIHOOD

SEVERITY

Most Likely (5)

The most likely result of the hazard / event being realised

Catastropic (5)

Numerous fatalities

Possible (4)

Has a good change of occuring and is not unusual (1-5 years)

Fatal (4)

Approximately one single fatality

Conceivable (3)

Might be occur at sometime in future (5-10 years)

Serious (3)

Non-fatal injury, permanent disability or > 4 days MC

Remote (2)

Has not been known to occur after many years (10 yrs)

Minor (2)

Disabling but not permanent injury or 1-4 days MC

Inconceivable (1)

Is practically impossible and has never occurred

Negligible (1)

Minor abrasions, bruises, cut, first aid type injury

RISK = LIKELIHOOD X SEVERITY

15 - 25 : HIGH RISK

5-12 MEDIUM

1 - 4 : LOW RISK

PIC (Due Date /


Status)

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK


CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM
JOB TITLE : Working in
Clinic

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
No

Activities /
Equipment/
Faculties
handling
patients,
contaminated
objects, body
secretions,
tissue or fluids

Using X-ray
machine

Handling patients
& moving objects

R/N
R*
R

Hazard

Infectious
Diseases

Consequences

Hepatitis B,
Hepatitis C and
Human
Immunodeficien
cy Virus (HIV)
can be spread

Exposure to
Cancer
radioactive and
Fatality
radiation
Heavy lifting and Back injuries
frequent bending
or twisting when
moving objects or
patients

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION

2
Machinery

1
Human
behaviour,
unsafe acts

Man

Installation,
layout and
design of
equipment

3
Substance
s such as
chemicals
and gases
use in the
workplace

Materia
ls

Method
The way
people carry
out their work

Workplac
e
condition
i.e. air
quality,
ventilatio
n,
lighting,
noise,
vibration
etc.

Media

5M

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION TECHNIQUES

6
7

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK


CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM
JOB TITLE : Working in
Clinic

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
No

Activities /
Equipment/
Faculties
handling
patients,
contaminated
objects, body
secretions,
tissue or fluids

Using X-ray
machine

Handling patients
& moving objects

R/N
R*
R

Hazard

Infectious
Diseases

Consequences

Hepatitis B,
Hepatitis C and
Human
Immunodeficien
cy Virus (HIV)
can be spread

Exposure to
Cancer
radioactive and
Fatality
radiation
Heavy lifting and Back injuries
frequent bending
or twisting when
moving objects or
patients

Wo
in rkpla
l
de oss o ce vi
p
o
str ress f slee lenc
ess ion
e
p
dis , po , fear can r
ord st
esu
tra or
er
lt
um
ati
c

Canc
er

Heal
th
viole care wo
nce
rkers
are a
t r i sk
from

Using toilet
d eir
n
a th
y
r nd
g
a n ts a
t h en
i
w ati
ng d p
i
l
a se
e
D es s.
str ilie
m
fa

Using X-ray machine


d
a
r
d
n
a
e
Slippery floor
v
i
t
c
a
o
i
d
ra
o
t
re
u
s
o
Ex p
Trip &

Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment & Risk Control


(HIRARC) Form

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM


Doc No.

Prepared by
JOB TITLE

Working in Clinic

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
No

Activities / Equipment/
Facilites

R/NR*

Receive & treat patient

Using X-ray machine

Consequences

Current Risk Control

9.1 a) Exposure to
known & unknown
bacteria, fungal &
viruses

9.1 a) Sick
9.1 b) Fatality

9.1 a) Competency &


Proper PPE to be worn

Likelihood

1
11 a) Exposure to
radioactive and
radiation

11

12

Hazard

10 a) Contact with
sharp object

10

Date :

RISK ASSESSMENT

Clearing medical waste

Revision No :

Verified by

10.1 a) Sick
10.1 b) Fatality

11.1 a) Cancer
11.1 b) Fatality

RISK CONTROL

Severity

Risk Level

Type of Control

4 (L)

NIL

Recommended Control
Measures

NIL

2 3

10.1 a)Competency &


Proper PPE to be worn

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

11a) Competency & Proper


PPE to be worn
11b) Safe work distance,
allowable exposure limit &

12 a) Pollution to
12a) Competency &
atmosphere, sanitary
Proper PPE to be worn
sewer, ground water, fresh
water, soil

Release Contamination /
Hospital treated waste

12 a) Scheduled waste

*R-Routine, NR - Non Routine


LIKELIHOOD

SEVERITY

Most Likely (5)

The most likely result of the hazard / event being realised

Catastropic (5)

Numerous fatalities

Possible (4)

Has a good change of occuring and is not unusual (1-5 years)

Fatal (4)

Approximately one single fatality

Conceivable (3)

Might be occur at sometime in future (5-10 years)

Serious (3)

Non-fatal injury, permanent disability or > 4 days MC

Remote (2)

Has not been known to occur after many years (10 yrs)

Minor (2)

Disabling but not permanent injury or 1-4 days MC

Inconceivable (1)

Is practically impossible and has never occurred

Negligible (1)

Minor abrasions, bruises, cut, first aid type injury

RISK = LIKELIHOOD X SEVERITY

15 - 25 : HIGH RISK

5-12 MEDIUM

1 - 4 : LOW RISK

PIC (Due Date /


Status)

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK


CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM
RISK ASSESSMENT
Current Risk Control

Likeliho
od

Sever
ity

Risk
Level

Wash hands frequently (proper hand washing


is the best way to prevent communicable
diseases)
Competency & Proper PPE to be worn
Safe work distance, allowable exposure limit

9 (M)

4 (L)

Use proper lifting technique


Follow policies LIKELIHOOD
and intervention guidelines

3
3

3
3
SEVERITY

9 (M)
9 (M)

Most Likely
(5)

The most likely result of the


Numerous fatalities
hazard /
Catastrophic (5)
event being realized
Possible (4)
Has a good change of occurring and
Fatal (4)
Approximately one single
is not
fatality
unusual (1-5 years)
Conceivable
Might be occur at sometime in
Serious (3)
Non-fatal injury,
(3)
future
permanent
(5-10 years)
disability or > 4 days MC
Remote (2)
Has not been known to occur after
Minor (2)
Disabling but not
many
permanent
years (10 yrs)
injury or 1-4 days MC
Inconceivable Is practically impossible and has
Negligible
Minor abrasions, bruises,
(1)
never
(1)
cut,
occurred
first aid type injury

RISK ASSESSMENT

LIKELIHOOD

SEVERITY

Risk = Likelihood x Severity

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK


CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM
RISK ASSESSMENT
Current Risk Control

Likeliho
od

Sever
ity

Risk
Level

Wash hands frequently (proper hand washing


is the best way to prevent communicable
diseases)
Competency & Proper PPE to be worn
Safe work distance, allowable exposure limit

9 (M)

4 (L)

Use proper lifting technique


Follow policies LIKELIHOOD
and intervention guidelines

3
3

3
3
SEVERITY

9 (M)
9 (M)

Most Likely
(5)

The most likely result of the


Numerous fatalities
hazard /
Catastrophic (5)
event being realized
Possible (4)
Has a good change of occurring and
Fatal (4)
Approximately one single
is not
fatality
unusual (1-5 years)
Conceivable
Might be occur at sometime in
Serious (3)
Non-fatal injury,
(3)
future
permanent
(5-10 years)
disability or > 4 days MC
Remote (2)
Has not been known to occur after
Minor (2)
Disabling but not
many
permanent
years (10 yrs)
injury or 1-4 days MC
Inconceivable Is practically impossible and has
Negligible
Minor abrasions, bruises,
(1)
never
(1)
cut,
occurred
first aid type injury

Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment & Risk Control


(HIRARC) Form

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM


Doc No.

Prepared by
JOB TITLE

Working in Clinic

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
No

Activities / Equipment/
Facilites

R/NR*

Receive & treat patient

Using X-ray machine

Consequences

Current Risk Control

9.1 a) Exposure to
known & unknown
bacteria, fungal &
viruses

9.1 a) Sick
9.1 b) Fatality

9.1 a) Competency &


Proper PPE to be worn

Likelihood

1
11 a) Exposure to
radioactive and
radiation

11

12

Hazard

10 a) Contact with
sharp object

10

Date :

RISK ASSESSMENT

Clearing medical waste

Revision No :

Verified by

10.1 a) Sick
10.1 b) Fatality

11.1 a) Cancer
11.1 b) Fatality

RISK CONTROL

Severity

Risk Level

Type of Control

4 (L)

NIL

Recommended Control
Measures

NIL

2 3

10.1 a)Competency &


Proper PPE to be worn

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

11a) Competency & Proper


PPE to be worn
11b) Safe work distance,
allowable exposure limit &

12 a) Pollution to
12a) Competency &
atmosphere, sanitary
Proper PPE to be worn
sewer, ground water, fresh
water, soil

Release Contamination /
Hospital treated waste

12 a) Scheduled waste

*R-Routine, NR - Non Routine


LIKELIHOOD

SEVERITY

Most Likely (5)

The most likely result of the hazard / event being realised

Catastropic (5)

Numerous fatalities

Possible (4)

Has a good change of occuring and is not unusual (1-5 years)

Fatal (4)

Approximately one single fatality

Conceivable (3)

Might be occur at sometime in future (5-10 years)

Serious (3)

Non-fatal injury, permanent disability or > 4 days MC

Remote (2)

Has not been known to occur after many years (10 yrs)

Minor (2)

Disabling but not permanent injury or 1-4 days MC

Inconceivable (1)

Is practically impossible and has never occurred

Negligible (1)

Minor abrasions, bruises, cut, first aid type injury

RISK = LIKELIHOOD X SEVERITY

15 - 25 : HIGH RISK

5-12 MEDIUM

1 - 4 : LOW RISK

PIC (Due Date /


Status)

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK


CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM
RISK CONTROL
Type of Control

Recommended
Control Measures

PIC (Due Date /


Status)

Administrative

Ensure availability of
gloves and other
protective equipment
and cleansing agents

Mr. A (30/12/2012)

NIL

NIL

Administrative

Train staff on proper


lifting techniques

Mr. B (30/12/2012)

Administrative

Train staff on diffusing


situations and
intervention procedures

Mr. C (30/12/2012)

Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment & Risk


Control (HIRARC)

HIERARCHY OF CONTROL

PPE
Administrative control
Engineering control
Isolation
Substitution
Elimination

HIERARCHY OF CONTROL

HIERARCHY OF CONTROL

HIERARCHY OF CONTROL

HIERARCHY OF CONTROL

HIERARCHY OF CONTROL

HIERARCHY OF CONTROL

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK


CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM
RISK CONTROL
Type of Control

Recommended
Control Measures

PIC (Due Date /


Status)

Administrative

Ensure availability of
gloves and other
protective equipment
and cleansing agents

Mr. A (30/12/2012)

NIL

NIL

Administrative

Train staff on proper


lifting techniques

Mr. B (30/12/2012)

Administrative

Train staff on diffusing


situations and
intervention procedures

Mr. C (30/12/2012)

SUMMARY

Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment & Risk Control


(HIRARC) Form

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM


Doc No.

Prepared by
JOB TITLE

Working in Clinic

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
No

Activities / Equipment/
Facilites

R/NR*

Receive & treat patient

Using X-ray machine

Consequences

Current Risk Control

9.1 a) Exposure to
known & unknown
bacteria, fungal &
viruses

9.1 a) Sick
9.1 b) Fatality

9.1 a) Competency &


Proper PPE to be worn

Likelihood

1
11 a) Exposure to
radioactive and
radiation

11

12

Hazard

10 a) Contact with
sharp object

10

Date :

RISK ASSESSMENT

Clearing medical waste

Revision No :

Verified by

10.1 a) Sick
10.1 b) Fatality

11.1 a) Cancer
11.1 b) Fatality

RISK CONTROL

Severity

Risk Level

Type of Control

4 (L)

NIL

Recommended Control
Measures

NIL

2 3

10.1 a)Competency &


Proper PPE to be worn

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

4 (L)

NIL

NIL

11a) Competency & Proper


PPE to be worn
11b) Safe work distance,
allowable exposure limit &

12 a) Pollution to
12a) Competency &
atmosphere, sanitary
Proper PPE to be worn
sewer, ground water, fresh
water, soil

Release Contamination /
Hospital treated waste

12 a) Scheduled waste

*R-Routine, NR - Non Routine


LIKELIHOOD

SEVERITY

Most Likely (5)

The most likely result of the hazard / event being realised

Catastropic (5)

Numerous fatalities

Possible (4)

Has a good change of occuring and is not unusual (1-5 years)

Fatal (4)

Approximately one single fatality

Conceivable (3)

Might be occur at sometime in future (5-10 years)

Serious (3)

Non-fatal injury, permanent disability or > 4 days MC

Remote (2)

Has not been known to occur after many years (10 yrs)

Minor (2)

Disabling but not permanent injury or 1-4 days MC

Inconceivable (1)

Is practically impossible and has never occurred

Negligible (1)

Minor abrasions, bruises, cut, first aid type injury

RISK = LIKELIHOOD X SEVERITY

15 - 25 : HIGH RISK

5-12 MEDIUM

1 - 4 : LOW RISK

PIC (Due Date /


Status)

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK


CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM
JOB TITLE : Working in

No

Clinic

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
Activities /
Equipment/
Faculties

handling
patients,
contaminated
objects, body
secretions,
tissue or fluids

Using X-ray
machine

Handling patients
& moving objects

R/N
R*
R

Hazard

Infectious
Diseases

Consequences

Hepatitis B,
Hepatitis C and
Human
Immunodeficien
cy Virus (HIV)
can be spread

Exposure to
Cancer
radioactive and
Fatality
radiation
Heavy lifting and Back injuries
frequent bending
or twisting when
moving objects or
patients

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK


CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM
RISK ASSESSMENT

Current Risk Control

Likeliho
od

Sever
ity

Risk
Level

Wash hands frequently (proper hand washing


is the best way to prevent communicable
diseases)
Competency & Proper PPE to be worn
Safe work distance, allowable exposure limit

9 (M)

4 (L)

Use proper lifting technique


Follow policies LIKELIHOOD
and intervention guidelines

3
3

3
3
SEVERITY

9 (M)
9 (M)

Most Likely
(5)

The most likely result of the


Numerous fatalities
hazard /
Catastrophic (5)
event being realized
Possible (4)
Has a good change of occurring and
Fatal (4)
Approximately one single
is not
fatality
unusual (1-5 years)
Conceivable
Might be occur at sometime in
Serious (3)
Non-fatal injury,
(3)
future
permanent
(5-10 years)
disability or > 4 days MC
Remote (2)
Has not been known to occur after
Minor (2)
Disabling but not
many
permanent
years (10 yrs)
injury or 1-4 days MC
Inconceivable Is practically impossible and has
Negligible
Minor abrasions, bruises,
(1)
never
(1)
cut,
occurred
first aid type injury

HAZARD IDENTFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK


CONTROL (HIRARC) FORM

RISK CONTROL

Type of Control

Recommended
Control Measures

PIC (Due Date /


Status)

Administrative

Ensure availability of
gloves and other
protective equipment
and cleansing agents

Mr. A (30/12/2012)

NIL

NIL

Administrative

Train staff on proper


lifting techniques

Mr. B (30/12/2012)

Administrative

Train staff on diffusing


situations and
intervention procedures

Mr. C (30/12/2012)

SUMMARY
Set a Process to review OHS Hazards & Risk
Output/ results can be used to review :
Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)
Training Materials
Internal Audit
Management Review/ Continuous
Improvement
Justification for Budget allocations

SEKIAN, TERIMA KASIH