Anda di halaman 1dari 12

PROJECT ON

NETWORKING

NETWORKING
In the world of computers,
networking is the practice of linking
two or more computing devices
together for the purpose of sharing
data. Networks are built with a mix of
computer hardware and computer
software.

www
The term "WWW" refers to the open development phase of the
Internet in the 1990s. The WWW comprises a global network of Web
sites accessible on the Internet. The World Wide Web (abbreviated
as WWW or W3[2] and commonly known as the Web) is a system of
interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. With a
web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text,
images, videos, and other multimedia and navigate between them
via hyperlinks.
The terms Internet and World Wide Web are often used in every-day
speech without much distinction. However, the Internet and the
World Wide Web are not one and the same. The Internet is a global
system of interconnected computer networks. In contrast, the Web is
one of the services that runs on the Internet. It is a collection of
textual documents and other resources, linked by hyperlinks and
URLs, transmitted by web browsers and web servers. In short, the
Web can be thought of as an application "running" on the Internet

internetwork
An internetwork is the connection of multiple computer
networks via a common routing technology using routers. The
Internet is an aggregation of many connected internetworks
spanning the Earth.
The Internet is a global system of interconnected
computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol Suite
(TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a network of
networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic,
business, and government networks, of local to global scope,
that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and
optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast
range of information resources and services, such as the interlinked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and
the infrastructure to support electronic mail.

Network interface card


A network card, network adapter, or NIC (network
interface card) is a piece of computer hardware
designed to allow computers to physically access a
networking medium. It provides a low-level
addressing system through the use of
MAC addresses.
Each Ethernet network interface has a unique MAC
address which is usually stored in a small memory
device on the card, allowing any device to connect
to the network without creating an address
conflict. Ethernet MAC addresses are composed of
six octets.

Types of network

Local area network


Wide area network
Personal area network
Home network
Storage area network
Campus network
Metropolitan area network
Virtual private network

Networking security
In the field of networking, the area of network
securityconsists of the provisions and policies adopted by
the network administrator to prevent and monitor
unauthorized access, misuse, modification, or denial of
the computer network and network-accessible resources.
Network security is the authorization of access to data in a
network, which is controlled by the network administrator.
Users are assigned an ID and password that allows them
access to information and programs within their authority.
Network Security covers a variety of computer networks,
both public and private that are used in everyday jobs
conducting transactions and communications among
businesses, government agencies and individuals.