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Neuro Quiz

1. The vast majority of human deaths due

to rabies come from exposure to what
a.dogs c. rats
d. cows

2. With Bovine spongiform encepalopathy

(mad cow disease), the cause of illness
is accumulations of misfolded proteins in
the central nervous system. What are
these proteins known as?
a. complement proteins
b. c-reactive protein
c. hemagglutinin
d. prion


3. The abortive tyepe of polio usually

resolves in:
3 days
3 months
3 weeks
3 years

4. A lumbar puncture is performed on a child suspected

of having bacterial meningitis. cerebrospinal fluid
(CSF) is obtained for analysis. A nurse reviews the
results of the CSF analysis and determines that which
of the following results would verify the diagnosis?
a. Cloudy CSF, decreased protein, and decreased
b. Cloudy CSF, elevated protein, and decreased glucose
c. Clear CSF, elevated protein, and decreased glucose
d. Clear CSF, decreased pressure, and elevated protein

5. A nurse is evaluating the status of a client

who had a craniotomy 3 days ago.The
nurse would suspect the client is
developing meningitis as a complication of
surgery if the client exhibits
a.A positive Brudzinskis sign
b.A negative Kernigs sign
c.Absence of nuchal rigidity
d.A Glasgow Coma Scale score of 15

6. During the acute stage of meningitis, a 3-yearold child is restless and irritable. Which of the
following would be most appropriate to institute?
a. Limiting conversation with the child
b. Keeping extraneous noise to a minimum
c. Allowing the child to play in the bathtub
d. Performing treatments quickly

7. The innermost meningeal layer that is

tightly bound to the brain is the:
a. pia mater
b. arachnoid mater
c. subarachnoid mater
d. dura mater

8. The three principal menigeal pathogens

a. H.influenzae, S. aureus, Klebsiella
b. H.influenzae, S. aureus, and E. coli
c. N. meningitidis, H.influenzae, and S.
d. S. aureus, E. coli, and L.

9. This type of meningitis is related to

exposure to pigeon droppings.
a. Candidal meningitis
b. Neisseria meningitis
c. Anthrax meningitis
d. Cryptococcal meningitis

10. Which one is not a meningeal sign?

a. high fever
b. stiff neck
c. Kernigs sign
d. Brudzinskis sign

11. Purpuric rashes in septicemia are

associated with which of the following
a. Disseminated intracapsular coagulation
b. Disseminated intracavitary coagulation
c. Disseminated intravascular coagulation
d. Disseminated intermedullary

12. This sign is said to be present if passive

flexion of one hip and knee causes flexion
of the other leg
a. Kernigs sign
b. Brudzinskis sign
c. Contralateral reflex
d. Jolt accentuation of headache

13. Severe neck stiffness causes a patient's

hips and knees to flex when the neck is
flexed indicates a:
a. positive kernigs sign
b. negative kernigs sign
c. positive brudzinskis sign
d. negative brudzinskis sign

14. A greater percentage of

polymorphonuclear leukocutes upon CBC
suggests meningitis of which origin?
a. viral
b. bacterial
c. fungal
d. protozoan

15. Pharmacotherapy is initiated for

bacterial meningitis
a. after obtaining cultures
b. before obtaining cultures
c. after the result of the culture is
d. after obtaining three separate cultures