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AGRICULTUR

E
MLS 2C

Agriculture
Came

from the Latin word


Agricultura which means
cultivation or growing
The art and science of growing plants
and other crops and the raising of
animals for food and other human
needs or economic gain
Provides most of the worlds food and
fabrics.

Significance of
Agriculture:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Source of Livelihood
Supply of Food and Fodder
Contribution to Foreign Exchange
Resources
Vast Employment Opportunities
Source of Government Income
Basis of Economic Development

Issues and Problems


Supplying the growing global demand for
commodities arising from developing
economies and world population growth
Availability and price of land for
expansion
New government mandates and
regulations
Stability, development and fluctuations
in global financial markets

Impact

of global trade policies on food


security and the supply and demand for
commodities
Development and use of bio based fuels
Loss of agricultural land
Decreased Varieties

PHILIPPINE
AGRICULTURE
SITUATION

Major Agricultural Products


The

country's major agricultural crops are rice,


corn, coconut, sugarcane, banana, cassava,
pineapple, and vegetables.
The major livestock products are hog, cattle,
carabao, goat, and dairy products. Chicken and
duck are the leading poultry products. Having
vast stretches of coastlines, the Philippines
boasts of an abundance in fish species.
Among the leading species are tuna and tuna-like
varieties, roundscad, sardines, anchovy, and
slipmouth.

Performance of Philippine Agriculture

http://www.bas.gov.ph/?ids=agriperformance

Agriculture

expanded by 1.83
percent in 2014.

The

crops subsector
which shared 51.71
percent in total
agricultural
production grew by
3.25 percent during
the year.

Livestock

production
increased by 1.02
percent.
The poultry
subsector inched up
by 0.27 percent.

Fisheries

production declined
by 0.15 percent in
2014

On

the average,
farmgate prices
went up by 7.74
percent from last
year's quotations.

Philippines Agricultural Products


for Exports and Imports

Exports

Northern Mindanao

Pineapple

Top Agricultural Commodities,


Northern Mindanao, 2013

SOCCSKSARGEN

Yellowfin Tuna

Skipjack Tuna

Top Agricultural Commodities,


SOCCSKSARGEN, 2013

Davao Region

Banana

Coconut

Top Agricultural Commodities,


Davao Region, 2013

Imports

wheat

& meslin
(USA and Canada)
soyabean oil/cake meal
(USA and Argentina)
milk & cream & products
(New Zealand and USA)

External Trade in 2012


Value of total agricultural
exports:
% agriculture in total
exports:
Top agricultural export
commodities:

P 118 billion f.o.b.


10%
coconut oil (20%), banana fresh (13%),
tuna (9%), pineapple and products (8%)

Major markets:
coconut oil:
banana fresh:
tuna:
pineapple and products:
Value of total agricultural
imports:
% agriculture in total
imports:
Top agricultural import
commodities:

USA (43%), Netherlands (32%)


Japan (48%), China (14%)
USA (31%), Germany (16%)
USA (37%), Japan (15%)

P 192 billion c.i.f.


12%
wheat & meslin (12%), soyabean oil/cake meal (9%), milk & cream& products
(8%), rice (5%)

Major suppliers:
wheat and meslin:
soyabean oil/cake meal:
milk & cream&
products:
rice:

USA (54%), Australia (41%)


USA (70%), Argentina (28%)

Agricultural trade deficit:

P 74 billion

New Zealand (38%), USA 32%)


Vietnam (82%), India (9%)

Source:
http://countrystat.bas.gov.ph/?cont=3

External Trade in 2013


Value of total agricultural
exports:
% agriculture in total
exports:
Top agricultural export
commodities:

US$ 6,318 million f.o.b.


12%
coconut oil (15%), banana fresh (14%),
tuna (11%), pineapple and products (7%)

Major markets:
coconut oil:
banana fresh:
tuna:
pineapple and products:
Value of total agricultural
imports:
% agriculture in total
imports:
Top agricultural import
commodities:

USA (43%), Netherlands (29%)


Japan (36%), China (14%)
USA (21%), Germany (13%)
USA (42%), Japan (17%)

US$ 7,802 million c.i.f.


12%
wheat & meslin (11%), soyabean oil/cake meal (10%), milk & cream&
products (10%)

Major suppliers:
wheat and meslin:
USA (63%), Canada (12%)
soyabean oil/cake meal: USA (50%), Argentina (48%)
milk & cream&
New Zealand (36%), USA (35%)
products:

Source:
http://countrystat.bas.gov.ph/?cont=3

Source:
http://countrystat.bas.gov.ph/?cont=3

END.