Anda di halaman 1dari 16

Daylight / Artificial lighting

GREEN LIGHTING DESIGN CONCEPTS


Energy-efficient lighting design focuses on
methods and materials that improve both quality
and efficiency of lighting.
Energy-efficient lighting design principles include
the following:
Keep in mind that more light is not necessarily
better. Human visual performance depends on light
quality as well as quantity.
Match the amount and quality of light to the
performed function.
Install task lights where needed and reduce
ambient light elsewhere.
Use energy-efficient lighting components,
controls, and systems.
Maximize the use of day lighting.

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting

Day lighting is the controlled admission of natural light into a space through windows or
Skylight .

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting


Daylight Analysis
The light entering a building may be considered as comprising three separate components
1. Direct Sunlight
2. Light from the diffuse Sky
3.Diffusely reflected light from the ground and other buildings.

Direct lighting

Diffused Reflected Light


Green lighting design
concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting


Daylight design components
Windows

Light Shelves

Light Shelves-Detail

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting

Skylight

Clear storey Lighting

Light Tubes

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting


Solar Geometry

Orange Line - Solar Altitude for 21st December


Yellow Line - Solar Altitude for 21st September
Red Line - Solar Altitude for 21st June
Green lighting design
concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting OVERHANGS

Shading Devices

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting


Shading system
Summer sun angle
spring/autumn sun angle

Winter sun angle

South Facing Faades

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting

East or West Facing Faades

East facade

West facade

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting

Solar fins

Solar fin is a fixed or controllable external solar shading system

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting

Advantages
Reduce solar heat gain
Lower air conditioning running costs
Lessen glare
Maximizing the use of natural daylight.

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting


Internal Shading-window blind

shading

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting

Shading

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting

Develop a lighting plan

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting

CFLs and Full Spectrum Fluorescent Lamps

Compact fluorescent bulbs can be used to reduce the electricity usage.


As an example, a 60-watt incandescent bulb can be replaced with an 11 to
15 watt compact fluorescent, for roughly a 76% reduction in demand.

LED Lighting

Uses 90% less electricity than incandescent. Because of LED's long life
and additional up-front cost, they are suggested for difficult-to-service
indoor and outdoor applications, and heavily used indoor areas.

Green lighting design


concept

Daylight / Artificial lighting

INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS


Dimmer switches allow one fixture to serve several lighting functions, such as task lighting when at full illumination and
decorative or safety lighting at lower settings. Dimming increases lamp life and saves energy because less electrical wattage is
used.

Occupancy sensors detect activity within a certain area. They provide convenience by turning lights on
automatically when someone enters a room. They reduce lighting energy use by turning lights off soon after the last
occupant has left the room.

Timers are sometimes used to give unoccupied houses a lived in look. However, they are an ineffective control for an
occupied home because they do not respond to changes in occupant behaviour.

OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS


Photo sensors sense ambient light conditions and are used to prevent outdoor lights from operating during daylight hours.
Motion sensors automatically turn outdoor lights on when they are needed (when motion is detected) and turn them off a short while
later. They are very useful for outdoor security and utility lighting provided by incandescent lamps.

Green lighting design


concept