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ZAT WARNA BELERANG (SULPHUR)

SIFAT PENTING
WARNA SPESIFIK HITAM
MURAH, MUDAH
PROSES STANDING BATH
TIDAK TAHAN KLOR

TIDAK LARUT DLM AIR


LARUT DLM Na2S + Na2CO3
SUBSTANTIVITAS RENDAH
FASTNESS BAIK

Na2S

4H2O

Na2SO4

+ 8 Hn

Na2CO3

2H2O

2 NaOH

+ H2CO3

D - S - S - D + Hn

D - S - SH

D - S - SH + NaOH

D - S - S - ONa + H2O

D - S - O Na + H2O

D - S - SH

D - S - SH + On

D-S-S -D

FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH


ELEKTROLIT
DAYA SERAP RENDAH, TERSERAP 50-60% MEKSI DI
TAMBAH ELEKTROLIT. OLEH KARENA ITU DPT DIPAKAI
DG METODA STANDING BATH
TEMPERATUR
PENYERAPAN DPT DITINGKATKAN DENGAN
PENGGUNAAN TEMP.MENDIDIH
LIQUOR RATIO
PADA LR YG RENDAH PENYERAPAN AKAN
BERTAMBAH BAIK SEHINGGA WARNA LEBIH TUA
PADA WAKTU PENCELUPAN SERINGKALI TIMBUL BELERANG PD
PERMUKAAN LARUTAN YG DPT MENEMPEL PADA PERMUKAAN
BAHAN. JIKA PENCUCIANNYA KURANG SEMPURNA MENYEBABKAN
PEGANGAN MENJADI KASAR. PADA PENYIMPANAN DI TEMPAT YG
LEMBAB DPT MENYEBABKAN PENURUNAN KEKUATAN KARENA
TERBENTUKNYA ASAM SULFAT

2S

+ 2 O2

SO3 + H2 O

2 SO3
H2 SO4

UNTUK MENCEGAHNYA

DILAKUKAN PENCUCIAN DENGAN NATRIUM SULFIT


Na2SO3 + S

Na2S2O3

PENCELUPAN DENGAN ZAT WARNA BELERANG


CENDERUNG MEMBENTUK EFEK BRONZING
PENCELUPAN YANG TERLALU TUA
PADA WAKTU PENCELUPAN
BERLANGSUNG KENA MATAHARI
KEKURANGAN NATRIUM SULFIDA
DALAM PENCELUPAN
KESALAHAN PEMBUANGAN LARUTAN
PENCELUPAN

DAPAT
DIHILANGKAN
DENGAN
PENCUCIAN
DLM LARUTAN
NATRIUM
SULFIDA
TEMPERATUR
40 OC

Bridge
Tie your opening directly to your key
topic. Your energy and attitude set
the tone and provide momentum for
this meeting

Key Topic
Define the topic/problem/opportunity.
State the reason for importance.
Invite comments by audience.
Encourage participation.
Record and display key
comments on key ideas.

TIP

Questions by the facilitator


capture attention and interest
and lead to involvement and
interaction.

Goals and Problems


Define the goals.
Define the problems.
Encourage participants to
focus on the issues and
assign priorities.

TIP

Support the opinions and


experiences of others with
positive comments and
positive attitude.

Solutions and
Opportunities
Invite comments and ideas from the
audience.
Record and display their
comments regarding action
plans and solutions.
Invite participants to
prioritize options.

TIP

Recognize that diversity in


a group is positive, adding
strength and substance.

Action Plan
Describe the following (where additional
information is needed assign responsibility
to the logical person)
Action steps.
Materials needed.
Training needed.
Schedules.
Costs.

Close
Insure understanding.
Describe first steps.
Get commitment.

TIP
Close your presentation to
make a favorable, lasting
impression