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MPLOYMENT SAFET

Employment safety refers to the policies and


proceduresin place to ensure the safety and
healthofemployeeswithin aworkplace.
Involves hazard identification andcontrol
according togovernmentstandards and ongoing
safetytrainingandeducationfor employees.

Safety Measures
The employer shall establishmeans and measures for protectingworkers. These
involve activities of prevention, information and training workers, particularly to:
Avoid risks or manage those risks that cannot be avoided;
Give appropriate instructions to workers by promoting common protective measures;
Adapt working conditions, equipment and working methods by taking into account
developments in techniques.
The protection means and measures should be adapted in cases where the working
conditions change. In addition, the employer should take into account the nature of
the activities of the company and the capabilities of the workers.
If workers from several companies work in the same work place, the different
employers shall cooperate and coordinate their protective measures and risk
prevention measures.
In addition, activities offirst aid, fire-fighting and the evacuationof workers in
serious and immediate danger must be adapted to the nature of the activities and to
the size of the company. The employer must inform and train those workers who could
be exposed to serious and immediate danger.
The employer shall establishprotective and preventative servicesin their
company or establishment, including with regard to activities of first aid and reacting
to serious danger. The employer shall therefore appoint one or several trained
workers to ensure that the measures are followed or to call the external services.
Monitoring the healthof workers is ensured by the measures fixed in accordance
with national legislation and practice. Each worker may request a health check at
regular intervals.
Groups of people at riskor particularly sensitive people should be protected
against dangers which could affect them specifically.
Consulting workers
Employers shall consult workers and their representatives concerning all the issues
related to health and safety at work.
Workers representatives can suggest that the employer takes particular measures.
They can enlist the national competent authorities if the employer fails to fulfil their
duty.
Workers obligations
Each worker must take care of their own health and security and that of persons
affected by their acts or by their omissions at work. In accordance with the training
given and the instructions of their employers, in particular workers must:
Use equipment, tools and substances connected to their activity of work correctly;
Use personal protective equipment correctly;
Refrain from disconnecting, changing or removing arbitrarily safety devices fitted;
Immediately inform the employer of any work situation which represents a serious
and immediate danger.

Working
environment

Locationwhere ataskiscompleted.
When pertaining to a place
ofemployment, the work environment
involves the physical geographical
location as well as the immediate
surroundings of theworkplace, such
as
aconstructionsiteorofficebuilding.
Typically involves
otherfactorsrelating to the place of
employment, such as thequalityof
the air,noiselevel, and
additionalperksandbenefitsof
employment such asfreechildcareor
unlimited coffee, oradequateparking.

Types of Personality
& Work environment
Realistic(Doer) Prefers physical activities that require
skill, strength, and coordination. Traits include genuine,
stable, conforming, and practical. Example professions
include architect, farmer, and engineer.
Investigative(Thinker) Prefers working with theory and
information, thinking, organizing, and understanding. Traits
include: analytical, curious, and independent. Example
professions include lawyer, mathematician, and professor.
Artistic(Creator) Prefers creative, original, and
unsystematic activities that allow creative expression. Traits
include: imaginative, disorderly, idealistic, emotional, and
impractical. Example professions include: artist, musician,
and writer.
Social(Helper) Prefers activities that involve helping,
healing, or developing others. Traits include cooperative,
friendly, sociable, and understanding. Example professions
include counselor, doctor, and teacher.
Enterprising(Persuader) Prefers competitive
environments, leadership, influence, selling, and status.
Traits include ambitious, domineering, energetic, and selfconfident. Example professions include Management,
Marketing, and Sales Person.
Conventional(Organizer) Prefers precise, rule-regulated,
orderly, and unambiguous activities. Traits include
conforming, efficient, practical, unimaginative, and inflexible.
Example professions include accountant, clerk and editor.